Sauna :. A small room used as a hot-air or steam bath for cleaning and refreshing the body - oxforddictionaries.com. Harvard Art Museums. a little hemispherical building shaped rather like an igloo with a low doorway.
a little hemispherical building shaped rather like an igloo with a low doorway.
(Image [R] from the Codex Magliabecchiano, info from "Everyday Life of the Aztecs" by Warwick Bray)
Against it was constructed a fire-place, and the blaze warmed the adjacent wall of the bath-house until it glowed red-hot. At this stage, the bather crept into the house and threw water onto the hot wall until the interior was filled with steam.
the electric sauna stove, was introduced on 11 May 1951 by Johannes Säubel in Helsinki
Pre-Built/Pre-cut Saunas (electrical)
Portable and pre-built saunas are the easiest to install. Both are modular units that come in 5 major pieces (two side walls, back wall, front wall with pre-cut door, and ceiling). Even a 2 or 4-person sauna can be installed by one individual in an hour or two, and the installation requires only a few simple tools.
Because prefabs are easy to install, they are also portable: they can be installed anywhere there is access to electrical service.
portable sauna bath
“Inipi”, a sweat lodge in which hot stones were used to generate the necessary heat. Inspired by this ancient form of sauna, the EOOS design team developed an innovative sauna concept for Duravit
The stove heats the rocks above it then water is poured on the rocks to be turned into steam inside the sauna room
Wood burning heater
Electricity-powered stoves need sturdy heater guard installed according to heater manufacturer specifications.
Woodburning sauna heaters have much hotter surface temps, so they don’t typically use a heater guard and usually require a brick or stone wall inlay near heater to act as a heat shield.
Used to store much heat to be used in vaporizing water when poured, Rocks must be replaced every year OR 500 hours of use.
The heater must be placed on a concrete-like base. In case of wood finishing, It must be placed on a brick base with 30cm offset around the heater base covered with a 2mm steel sheet.
In case of brick walls, The heater must be placed around 2”/5cm apart from the wall and in case of wooden walls the distance is no less then 50cm.
The heater is also connected to chimney from brick or metal to emit the smoke (produced from burning) outside. Chimney pipe diameter is no less than 4”>
lead the incoming air 500 mm above the stove where it will blend with the air rising from the stove. As a result, sufficient circulation of air is created in the sauna room. Exhaust air is led out mechanically at floor level, for instance under the benches