Definition • An art form in which human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are criticized through ridicule ideally with the intent to bring about improvement • Say what? • Basically, it’s art (literature, film, song, image) that points out and criticizes a problem with humanity or society. In the best case scenario, it causes people to RETHINK their behavior and change it.
Audiences • There are three audiences: • Those whom the author (or artist) believes to already be in agreement with their viewpoint. (aka those on your side) • Those whom the author (or artist) would like to ridicule for their opposing viewpoint. (aka those whom you will stealthily ridicule) • Those whom the author (or artist) believes may be persuaded through exposure to the satirical work. (aka the "swing" audience)
Horatian satire- • Satire in which the voice is tolerant, amused, and witty (funny/clever). The speaker holds up to gentleridicule the absurdities and problems of human beings, aiming at producing in the reader not the anger of a Juvenal, but wry smile or laugh. (Aims to correct through humor) • It is tolerant, witty, wise and self-effacing
Juvenaliansatire • Formal satire in which the speaker attacks problems and error with disrespect and anger. Juvenalian satire in its realism and its harshness is in strong contrast to Horatian satire. • It is angry, caustic, resentful, personal
Satiric Devices • Humor • Surprise – twist endings, unexpected events • Exaggeration – think of Jim Carrey’s exaggerated facial expressions • Understatement - An Army officer has just lost his leg. When asked how he feels, he looks down at his bloody stump and responds, "Stings a bit.“
Satiric Devices • More Humor • Incongruity – things do NOT belong together • Deflation – the English professor mispronounces a word, the President slips and bangs his head leaving the helicopter • Linguistic games – weird rhymes, malapropisms (misusing words habitually)
Satiric Devices • Irony – incongruity in what someone says or does and what is meant or what is generally understood • Invective – name calling, personal abuse • Mock Encomium – praise which is only apparent and which suggests blame instead
Satiric Devices • Comic Juxtaposition – linking together with no commentary items which normally do not go together • Mock Epic/Mock Heroic – using elevated diction and devices from the epic or the heroic to deal with low or trivial subjects • Parody – mimicking the style and/or techniques of something or someone else
Satiric Devices • Inflation – taking a real-life situation and blowing it out of proportion to make it ridiculous and showcase its faults • Diminution – taking a real-life situation and reducing it to make it ridiculous and showcase its faults • Grotesque – creating a tension between laughter and horror or revulsion – the essence of all “sick humor” or “black humor”
Example 1 – from Despair.com • What tools are used? • What type of satire is it?
Example 2– Political Cartoon • What tools are used? • What type of satire is it?
Example 3 – (once) Popular song • What tools are used? • What type of satire is it?
Example 4 – Political Cartoon • What tools are used? • What type of satire is it?
Example 5 – Children’s Film • What tools are used? • What type of satire is it?
Example 6 – Mock News • What tools are used? • What type of satire is it?
Example 7 – Musical Parody • What tools are used? • What type of satire is it?
Example 8 – War is Kind • Do this on your own! • Read through it and determine • What the author is using to make his point • The element of society that s/he is criticizing • What type of satire the poem represents
Animal Farm • Key Terms: • It is a SATIRE • It is also an ALLEGORY (a story in which EVERYTHING stands for something beyond the actual story on the page) • Reading Schedule: • On your original calendar • Expect reading quizzes • Chapter 1-2 due Wednesday along with Edmodo posts!