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Satire Humorouslyand effectively makes a point in whichthe end product can be instructive and edifying. Satire is used in literature and everyday life in hopes of bringing about a change in society or to make a statement about society.
Techniques used in Satire ---Exaggerations –Found in Caricatures or Cartoons ---Incongruity--Things that just don’t go together—Oxymoron, ironical situations. ---Parody--Imitation of style of person, place or thing to make fun of them--- Comedy shows ---Reversal ---To present the opposite of normal order---such as if students were telling teachers what to do—or children creating rules for their parents
Incongruity Oxymoron She is such a clever fool! There was controlled chaos as the concert. There was a minor disaster in the city of Smallville today. Irony A fire station burning down. A fitness instructor that is out of shape. A police car being stolen in front of the police station.
Examples of Parody in Television We see many examples today on T.V. The Simpsons---Exaggerations and Parody The Office--Parody Saturday Night Live--Parody Political Cartoons--Exaggerations Mad Magazine--Parody
Irony Situational Irony involves an incongruity between what is expected or intended and what actually occurs. “The Lottery” was an example of situational irony. We were surprised by the ending—it was not what we expected from the events in the story.
Irony Continued Dramatic Irony produced in a narrative in which in the audience knows more about present or future circumstances story than a character in the story. “The Diary of Anne Frank” was an example of this.—they hid for over 2 years yet they still ended up in the same situation in the end--we knew the ending of this story before the characters in the story.
Irony Verbal Ironyoccurs when the author says one thing and means another. If something bad has occurred and you say “Wonderful”, “Fantastic”
Sarcasm Sarcasm is a form of irony that attacksa person or belief through harsh and bitter remarks that often mean the opposite of what they say. Sarcasm is usually used to insult someone.
Examples Nice perfume. Must you marinate in it? I refuse to engage in an intellectual battle with an unarmed man. Whatever kind of look you were going for, you missed. One good thing about you being wrong is the joy it brings to others.