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Chapter Ten: America’s Economic Revolution

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  1. Brinkley, The Unfinished Nation, 4/e Chapter Ten: America’s Economic Revolution

  2. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Changing American Population   • Rapid Population Growth  Population Growth 1620-1860

  3. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Changing American Population • Rapid Population Growth • Burgeoning Immigration  Immigration, 1820-1840 Immigration, 1840-1860

  4. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Changing American Population • Immigration and Urban Growth, 1840–1860 • Rapid Urbanization   American Population Density, 1820 American Population Density, 1860

  5. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Changing American Population • Immigration and Urban Growth, 1840–1860 • Rapid Urbanization • Irish and German Immigrants   Sources of Immigration, 1820-40 and 1840-60

  6. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Changing American Population • The Rise of Nativism • Native American Party

  7. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Changing American Population • The Rise of Nativism • Native American Party • The Know-Nothings “I know nothing.”

  8. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions   • The Canal Age  • Advantages of Canals Canals in the NE, 1823-1860

  9. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions   • The Canal Age  • Advantages of Canals • Impact of the Erie Canal

  10. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions   • The Canal Age  • Advantages of Canals • Impact of the Erie Canal • Increased Settlement in the NW

  11. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions    • The Early Railroads • Organizational and Technological Significance

  12. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions   • The Early Railroads • Organizational and Technological Significance • The Baltimore and Ohio

  13. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions    • The Triumph of the Rails • Importance of Govt. Funding Railroad Growth, 1850-1860

  14. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions    • The Triumph of the Rails • Importance of Govt. Funding • Economic Effects of the Railroads

  15. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions   • The Telegraph • Samuel Morse Samuel Morse(Portrait Gallery)

  16. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions   • The Telegraph • Samuel Morse • Western Union Telegraph Company

  17. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Transportation and Communications Revolutions    • New Forms of Journalism • New York Herald

  18. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Commerce and Industry   • The Expansion of Business, 1820–1840 • Advantages of Corporations

  19. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Commerce and Industry • The Emergence of the Factory  • Dramatic Industrial Growth

  20. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Commerce and Industry • Advances in Technology  • Machine Tools

  21. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Commerce and Industry • Advances in Technology  • Machine Tools • New Sources of Energy

  22. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Commerce and Industry • Innovations in Corporate Organization  • Rise of the Industrial Ruling Class

  23. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Men and Women at Work   • Recruiting a Native Work Force • Lowell System Lowell, Massachusetts, 1832

  24. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Men and Women at Work   • Recruiting a Native Work Force • Lowell System • Factory Girls Association

  25. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Men and Women at Work • The Immigrant Work Force • Cheap Immigrant Labor  

  26. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Men and Women at Work • The Factory System and the Artisan Tradition • Deskilling 

  27. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Men and Women at Work • Fighting for Control • Commonwealth v. Hunt

  28. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society   • The Rich and the Poor • Highly Unequal Distribution in Wealth

  29. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society   • The Rich and the Poor • Highly Unequal Distribution in Wealth • The Urban Poor

  30. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society   • The Rich and the Poor • Highly Unequal Distribution in Wealth • The Urban Poor • Harsh Life for Free Blacks

  31. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • Social Mobility • Geographic Mobility

  32. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • Middle-Class Life • Rapidly Expanding Middle Class

  33. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • Middle-Class Life • Rapidly Expanding Middle Class • New Household Inventions

  34. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • The Changing Family • Declining Patriarchy

  35. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • The Changing Family • Declining Patriarchy • Emergence of Public and Private Spheres

  36. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • The “Cult of Domesticity” • Establishment of Women’s Colleges

  37. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • The “Cult of Domesticity” • Establishment of Women’s Colleges • Women’s Separate Sphere

  38. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • The “Cult of Domesticity” • Establishment of Women’s Colleges • Women’s Separate Sphere • Advantages and Drawbacks

  39. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • Leisure Activities • Importance of Holidays

  40. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • Leisure Activities • Importance of Holidays • Vibrant Culture of Public Leisure

  41. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Patterns of Society • Leisure Activities • Importance of Holidays • Vibrant Culture of Public Leisure • P.T. Barnum “Money is a terrible master but an excellent servant.” - P.T. Barnum

  42. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Agricultural North   • Growth of Commercial Farming

  43. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Agricultural North   • Northeastern Agriculture 

  44. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Agricultural North   • The Old Northwest • Industrial Growth in the Northwest

  45. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Agricultural North   • The Old Northwest • Industrial Growth in the Northwest • Rapid Expansion of Farming

  46. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Agricultural North   • The Old Northwest • Industrial Growth in the Northwest • Rapid Expansion of Farming • Growing Ties Between Northeast and Northwest

  47. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Agricultural North   • The Old Northwest • Industrial Growth in the Northwest • Rapid Expansion of Farming • Growing Ties Between Northeast and Northwest • New Agricultural Techniques

  48. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Agricultural North   • The Old Northwest • Industrial Growth in the Northwest • Rapid Expansion of Farming • Growing Ties Between Northeast and Northwest • New Agricultural Techniques • McCormick Reaper

  49. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • The Agricultural North  • Rural Life   • Rural Social Interaction

  50. Chapter Ten:America’s Economic Revolution • Conclusion • Sources of the Industrial Revolution