A ROMAN’S LIFE From birth to death
Growing up • The newborn is given a name on their 9th day • Boy’s name: Gaius Iulius Caesar • Girl’s name: Julia • At the age of 15 a boy becomes a man, namely a full citizen and wears the toga virilis. • Around the same age a girl is usually given in her first marriage • Life expectancy is on average shorter (about 30-35 years), which makes an earlier start in life imperative. • Admission to manhood/womanhood comes with the advent of sexual (not necessarily emotional) maturity.
Education • Primary education: Maybe at home, but usually at a ludus (school), common for boys and girls (the Greeks only sent boys to school, while girls were schooled at home). • Lessons included languages (Greek and Latin) arithmetic and some physical exercise. • Secondary education usually at a grammar school with a grammaticus. Involved reading and learning Greek and Latin literature.
Higher education • Rhetoric • (Quintilian InstitutioOratoria), Cicero De Oratore • Philosophy • In Christian times: • Theology • TECHNICAL EDUCATION (e.g. Medicine or Engeneering) were offered through apprenticeships with a master.
Marriage • Often for political reasons • A contract set out the property arrangements and legitimized the marriage • The ceremony bears many similarities with ours (engagement ring, covering of the bride, white dress, fertility symbols) ,because we have adopted these from the Romans. • A wedding party and a bridal procession, is common in many cultures\ • Marriage, like death, was a socially stratified event, where the rich had the opportunity for ostentatious behavior.