A Brief History of Pre -Roman and Roman Britain. Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Britain#The_Late_pre-Roman_Iron_Age_.28LPRIA.29. Pre-Roman Britain.
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Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Britain#The_Late_pre-Roman_Iron_Age_.28LPRIA.29
- Prior to Roman occupation, the British Isles (includes the areas we now know as England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland) were inhabited by various Celtic peoples.
Britons (South Eastern Britain)
Picts (Northern Britain and Scotland)
Most historians believe that these Celtic tribes migrated from Continental Europe (Gaul) as they were driven out by Germanic Tribes and the Roman Armies.
( The Language of Literature: Teacher’s Edition)
Pre-Roman Britain – Brythonic Tribes
Image source: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/europe/united_kingdom_rel87.jpg
Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brython
‘The Celtic culture as a whole, developing very early on about 1000 BC, and reaching its finest expression around 500 BC, is a fundamental part of Europe's past. This is not to underrate the subsequent influence of the Latin and Germanic peoples on this part of Europe. But the Celtic foundation was already present. Thus, European culture is inconceivable without the Celtic contribution. Even when the presence of the Celts in their original territory is no longer obvious, we must acknowledge the fact: they are at the root of the Western European peoples who have made history’
(Hermann Noelle, “Die Kelten und IhreStadtManching” cited in Cunliffe, 214).
The Celts in Britain used a language derived from a branch of Celtic known as either Brythonic or Goidelic.
The first Roman invasion of the the British Isles took place in 55 B.C. under war leader Julius Caesar.
Because of the greater discipline of the Roman Army and general lack of co-ordination between the leaders of the various Celtic tribes, the Romans subdued much of Britain in the short space of 40 years.