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Revising AACR: RDA

Revising AACR: RDA

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Revising AACR: RDA

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  1. Revising AACR: RDA Stuart Hunt CILIP/BL Committee on AACR/RDA Oslo, January 2006

  2. Why are we doing this? • Simplify • Encourage use as a content standard for metadata schema • Encourage international applicability • Provide more consistency where appropriate • Improve collocation • Work/expression level citation/relationships • New approach to GMDs

  3. Why are we doing this? • Principle-based • Build cataloger’s judgment • Founded on international cataloging principles • Encourage applications of FRBR concepts

  4. 1941 1841 1876 1889 1891 1904 1908 1949 Anglo-American Tradition

  5. How did we get here? • 1961 – IFLA’s “Paris Principles” • 1969 – IFLA’s ISBDs • International Standard Bibliographic Description

  6. Anglo-American Tradition 1941 1841 1876 1902 1904 1906 1908 1949 1967

  7. How did we get here? • AACR2 • 1978 • 1988 • 1998 • 2002

  8. Supporting Organizational Structure

  9. Toronto, Canada JSC invited worldwide experts Issues leading to RDA Principles Content vs. carrier Logical structure of AACR Seriality Internationalization 1997 International Conference on the Principles and Future Development of AACR

  10. How did we get here? • IFLA’s Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records • FRBR user tasks • Find • Identify • Select • Obtain • Collocation at the work/expression level

  11. Work Expression Manifestation Item How did we get here? • FRBR • Conceptual model • Entities, relationships, attributes • New terminology and approaches to packaging and presenting metadata Subject Person Corporate Body

  12. How did we get here? • December 2003 • Update Paris Principles • IFLA Meeting of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code (IME ICC Frankfurt draft Statement of Principles)

  13. Communication Standards MARC UNIMARC MARC 21 MODS/MADS MARCXML XML dtd’s Next generation? Metadata Standards Dublin Core MPEG 7 VRA EAD ISBD (also a content/display standard) How did we get here?

  14. Virtual International Authority File (VIAF)

  15. Strategic Plan for RDA • http://www.collectionscanada.ca/jsc/stratplan.html

  16. Statement of purpose • RDA - Resource Description and Access will be a new standard for resource description and access, designed for the digital world. • Built on foundations established by the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR), RDA will provide a comprehensive set of guidelines and instructions on resource description and access covering all types of content and media. • RDA will enable users of library catalogues and other systems of information organization to find, identify, select, and obtain resources appropriate to their information needs.

  17. Goals • Will be ready for publication in 2008 • Guidelines and instructions to: • Provide a consistent, flexible and extensible framework for both the technical and content description of all types of resources and all types of content. • Be compatible with internationally established principles, models, and standards. • Be usable outside the library community, and be capable of adaptation by various communities to their specific needs.

  18. Goals • Descriptions & access points will: • Enable users to find, identify, select, and obtain resources appropriate to their information needs. • Be compatible with those descriptions and access points devised using AACR2, and present in existing catalogues and databases. • Be independent of the format, medium or system used to store or communicate the data. • Be readily adaptable to newly-emerging database structures.

  19. Goals • Will be a standard that is: • Optimised for use as an online tool (although a print edition will also be published). • Derived from English language conventions and customs, written in plain English, and able to be used in other language communities. • Easy and efficient to use, both as a working tool and for training purposes

  20. RDA is • A new standard for resource description and access • Designed for the digital environment • Web-based product (also loose-leaf) • Description and access of all digital resources (and analog) • Resulting records usable in the digital environment (Internet, Web OPACs, etc.)

  21. RDA is • Multinational content standard providing bibliographic description and access for all media • Developed for use in English language communities; it can also be used in other language communities • Independent of the format (e.g., MARC 21) used to communicate information

  22. Purpose for RDA • Support FRBR user tasks • Find, identify, select, obtain • Enable users of library catalogues, etc. to find and use resources appropriate to their information needs

  23. Strategic targets • New edition – 2008 • Reach out to other communities • Web-based product/tool, plus a loose-leaf product

  24. RDA Structure (Proposed) • General introduction • Part I – Resource description • Part II - Relationships • Part III – Authority control (Access point control) • Appendices • Capitalization, Numerals, Initial articles, Abbreviations • Presentation (ISBD display, OPAC display, etc.) • Glossary • Index

  25. General Introduction (Proposed) • Purpose and scope of the code • Underlying objectives and principles • Related standards and guidelines • Keep brief but possibly with links to full text of the relevant principles and concept documents

  26. RDA – Part I (Proposed) • Introduction • General guidelines for resource description • Identification of the resource • Technical description • Content description • Information on terms of availability • Item-specific information

  27. RDA – Part I (Proposed) • Data elements/attributes for description of resources • Purpose and scope (FRBR user tasks) • Source for the attribute • How to record the attribute • Notes pertaining to the attribute • Attribute as access point • Controlled • Uncontrolled

  28. RDA - Part I (Proposed)GMD/SMD vs. Type and Form of Carrier • Print and graphic media • Micrographic media • Tactile media • Three-dimensional media • Audio media • Projected graphic, film, video media • Digital media

  29. RDA - Part I (Proposed)Type and Form of Content • Text • Music • Cartographic Resources • Graphics • Three-dimensional Resources • Sound • Moving Images • Data, Software, and Interactive Content

  30. Relationships Works Expressions Manifestations Items Persons Corporate bodies Families Citations Works Expressions Manifestations Items Simplify choice of primary access point for citations of works RDA – Part II (Proposal)

  31. RDA – Part II Process • Review AACR2 Ch. 21 special rules • Musical • Art • Legal • Religious • Academic • JSC proposals to eliminate, simplify, etc.

  32. Work/Expression Records • Classics of literature vs. scientific studies • Examples in the OCLC database • Stephen King • 102 works, 231 manifestations • Shakespeare’s Hamlet • 1 work, 2696 manifestations • Rowling, J.K. (Harry Potter stories) • 28 works, 300 manifestations

  33. RDA Part III (Proposal) • Authority control / Access point management • General guidelines • Authorized forms • Persons, Families, Corporate bodies, Places • Citations for works, etc. • Variant forms

  34. Appendices (Proposal) • Capitalization • Numerals • Initial articles • Abbreviations • Presentation of descriptive and authority data • Glossary • Possibly hypertext links from text to glossary terms • Index

  35. RDA Timeline (Proposal) • July 2005: Prospectus • Oct. 2005-April 2006: Completion of draft of Part I, and constituency review • May-Sept. 2006: Completion of draft of Part II, and constituency review • Oct. 2006-Apr. 2007: Completion of draft of Part III, and constituency review • May-Sept. 2007: Completion of General Introduction, Appendices, and Glossary • 2008: Publication

  36. JSC meetings • April 2006 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada • October 2006 in Washington, D.C. • Etc.

  37. AACR2 • Final AACR2 update: 2005

  38. JSC Public Web Site http://www.collectionscanada.ca/jsc/index.html

  39. Draft of RDA Part I • Made available as means of providing outreach to library and non-library resource description communities • Not officially part of RDA until drafts approved by JSC & formally published • Deadline for comments 1st March 2006 (for consideration at April JSC meeting)

  40. RDA-L • listserv is to facilitate informal discussion on RDA • JSC initiative • Hosted by Library and Archives Canada • List archives forthcoming 2006

  41. Summary Authority control Access points Citations Data elements Simplification Consistency Principles FRBR Content standard

  42. Thank you!