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"I am but mad north-north-west: when the wind is southerly I know a hawk from a handsaw." Hamlet, Act II, scene ii. Knowing a Hawk from a Handsaw: FRBR Basics, AACR & the OPAC. A presentation by Kate Harcourt Columbia University Libraries harcourt@columbia.edu

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slide1
"I am but mad north-north-west: when the wind is southerly I know a hawk from a handsaw."Hamlet, Act II, scene ii
knowing a hawk from a handsaw frbr basics aacr the opac

Knowing a Hawk from a Handsaw: FRBR Basics, AACR & the OPAC

A presentation by Kate Harcourt

Columbia University Libraries

harcourt@columbia.edu

http://www.columbia.edu/~harcourt/FRBRnytsl.ppt

NYTSL Spring Dinner Meeting

May 7, 2004

required reading
Required Reading
  • Published by K.G. Saur in 1998 and available online.

http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.htm

http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.pdf

IFLA Cataloguing Section’s Working Group on FRBR

http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/wgfrbr/wgfrbr.htm

frbr in perspective
FRBR IN PERSPECTIVE
  • Paris Principles in 1961
  • ISBDs in 1969
  • AACR in 1967 and 1978
  • FRBR 1997-
  • ETC.
frbr beginnings
FRBR BEGINNINGS
  • The 1990 Stockholm Seminar commissioned a study to define the functional requirements of bibliographic records.
  • Worked on by IFLA Study Group on Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, 1992-1995
  • Approved by IFLA Section on Cataloging, 1997 & published by Saur in 1998
  • Incorporated into JSC Strategic Plan for AACR 2001/2002
frbr goals
FRBR GOALS
  • “to delineate in clearly defined terms the functions performed by the bibliographic record with respect to various media, various applications and various user needs.”
  • “to recommend a basic level of functionality and basic requirements for records created by national bibliographic agencies” that would meet “essential user needs.”
  • FRBR is not a new cataloging code.

AACR3

entity relationship model
ENTITY-RELATIONSHIP MODEL

Source: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (09 FEB 02)

entity-relationship model <database, specification> An approach to data modelling proposed by P. Chen in 1976. The model says that you divide your database in two logical parts, entities (e.g. "customer", "product") and relations ("buys", "pays for"). Entity-relationship diagrams can be used to represent a model.

organization of the frbr report
ORGANIZATION OF THE FRBR REPORT
  • Part 1 – Definition of Entities and their Attributes
  • Part 2 – Bibliographic Relationships
  • Part 3 – A national level bibliographic record for all types of materials
  • Part 4 – User Tasks (e.g., Find, Identify, Select & Obtain)
entity relationship model9
ENTITY-RELATIONSHIP MODEL
  • Entities
  • Relationships
  • Attributes

Shakespeare

Dates

Hamlet

English

Relationship

author

Entity 1

Entity 2

frbr entities
Group 1: The products of intellectual or artistic endeavor:

Work

Expression

Manifestation

Item

Group 2: Those responsible for production or custodianship of group 1 entities:

Person

Corporate Body

Group 3: Subjects of works:

Concept

Object

Event

Place

FRBR ENTITIES
an acknowledgment

AN ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The next few slides were published in Barbara B. Tillett, “Bibliographic Relationships.” In Relationships in the Organization of Knowledge, edited by Carol A. Bean and Rebecca Green, 19-35. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.

group 1
Group 1

Work

FRBR

is realized through

Expression

is embodied in

Manifestation

recursive

is exemplified by

one

Item

many

group 2
Group 2

Work

Expression

FRBR

Manifestation

Item

is owned by

Person

is produced by

is realized by

Corporate Body

is created by

many

group 3

Work

Expression

Manifestation

Item

Person

Corporate Body

Concept

Object

Event

Place

Group 3

Work

has as subject

FRBR

has as subject

has as subject

many

slide15

The Play

The Movie

Orig.

Version

Transl.

Orig.

Text

Critical

Edition

FRBR Entity Levels

Family of works

Work:

Expression:

Manifestation:

Paper

PDF

HTML

Item:

Copy 1

Autographed

Copy 2

frberizing aacr2
“FRBERIZING” AACR2
  • A new interest in cataloging
  • Rule revision
  • AACR3
frberizing a rule
“FRBERIZING” A RULE
  • 1.5A3 If an item is available in different formats (e.g., as text and microfilm; as sound disc and sound tape reel), give the physical description of the format in hand.
  • 1.5A3 If manifestations of a work are available in different formats…
frberizing relationships
“FRBERIZING” RELATIONSHIPS
  • Collocation
  • When is a work or an expression a new work or expression?
  • Relators
  • Authority Control in AACR3
slide19

Work

Same

Expression

New Work

NewExpression

B. Tillett

Dec. 2001

gmds modes of expression
GMDS & MODES OF EXPRESSION
  • Alpha-numeric
  • Music notation
  • Other notation (e.g., choreographic)
  • Sound
  • Still image or Moving Image
  • Three-dimensional object
  • Combinations of above
frbr the opac
FRBR & THE OPAC
  • OCLC Fiction Finder
  • RLG RedLightGreen
  • VTLS Virtua
oclc fiction finder
OCLC FICTION FINDER
  • Prototype system for searching and browsing fiction
  • Clustered at the work level
  • Organized by work and expression

http://www.oclc.org/research/projects/frbr/fictionfinder.htm

redlightgreen and frbr
RedLightGreen and FRBR
  • NOT a FRBR implementation
    • Realities of the Rock and the Hard Place
  • FRBR Group 1 Entities invaluable during planning
    • Work, Expression, Manifestation, Item
    • Common language
    • Precisely defined concepts
  • FRBR and RedLightGreen in a nutshell
    • Mission: Make the Union Catalog relevant to undergraduates
    • Reduce the number of editions on the results screen
    • Use FRBR concepts such as Work, Expression and Manifestation to discuss how records should cluster
    • http://www.redlightgreen.com/
redlg editions
RedLG: Editions
  • ~ FRBR Manifestation
    • “With the entity defined as manifestations we can describe the physical characteristics of a set of items […] enabling users to choose a manifestation appropriate to their […] needs” (FRBR 22)
virtua by vtls
VIRTUA BY VTLS
  • Separate records for work, expression, manifestation & item in a tree structure
  • "peaceful co-existence" of a FRBR and non-FRBR records
  • Universite catholique de Louvain (UCL) went live in Jan. 2004

www.vtls.com/documents/FRBR.PPT

slide31

Super Work

  • A Super (or Supra) Work is a record that has other works (sub works) related to it
    • For example, the novel Beau Geste by P. C. Wren is one FRBR Work, and the several movies that have been created from the book are also separate FRBR Works. The Super work is an artificial creation that links all these related works together
slide32

Super Work

The Work

record for the

“Super”Work

of Beau Geste

slide33

Super Work

The tree

expanded to

show the

“sub works”

of the Super

Work

The Work

record for

the novel

(a sub work

of the Super

Work)

slide34

Super Work

The tree

expanded to

show the

Expression

and

Manifestations

of the 1939

movie

The

Expression

record for the

1939 movie

more frbr
MORE FRBR
  • Pre-conference at ALA Annual 2004 in Orlando.
  • Back to the Future: Understanding the Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records Model (FRBR) and its Impact on Users, OPACS, and Knowledge Organization
  • Sponsored by VTLS & Blackwell's Book Services
  • Thursday and Friday, June 24-25, 2004