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AFGHANISTAN 2013 Humanitarian Planning / CHAP Process OCHA Afghanistan Kabul, 10 July 2012 www.unocha.org
MAIN POINTS • BACKGROUND • CHALLENGES • COORDINATION • METHODOLOGY OPTIONS • FUNDING MECHANISMS • NEXT STEPS
BACKGROUND • Since early 2011 challenges for NGO funding through the CAP has been ongoing discussion. • June 2012 saw formal discussions at national coordination forums. • July 2012 saw an HCT discussion paper disseminated with two options • In August 2012 a decision was taken at the HCT based on consultations with donors, NGOs and UN agencies.
CHALLENGES • 2012 CAP: • Underfunding • Highly Bureaucratic Process • Lack of credibility with donors and partners • Poor clarity of prioritization and of response capacity • CAP projects = humanitarian needs? • Support, advocacy, and resource mobilization
OPTIONS FOR 2013 • Utilize the standard Consolidated Appeals Process. • OR • Common Humanitarian Action Plan: • The second option has been tried and tested in various forms, in other countries (DRC, Zimbabwe, Somalia, West Africa Regional) • The Afghanistan HCT can benefit from lessons learned so weaknesses won’t be replicated.
2013 COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN (CHAP) FOR AFGHANISTAN NEXT STEPS
2013 CHAP • There are 5 core elements to the process: • Needs analysis and indicators used for action focus • Verifiable, action-oriented satrategicpriorities • Mapping of cluster profiles and priorities • Costing methodology • No up-front loading of CAP projects
1. Needs Analysis and Indicators used for Action Focus • Crucial to informing decision-making and development of the overall humanitarian strategy and cluster response plans. • National data on: floods, earthquakes, and extreme winter hazard risks, population density, physical access, landmines, civilian casualties, and 3W • Clusters will prepare needs analysis mapping based on their datasets.
2. Verifiable, Action-oriented Strategic Priorities • Focus on five DRAFT measurable strategic objectives: • Reinforce the protection of civilians • Reduce morbidity and mortality • Assist and protect the displaced, returnees and host communities. • Improve means of subsistence • Promote resilience • Cross-cutting issues of the gender and environmental marker will need to be considered in terms of how they will fit into cluster response planning of CHAP.
3. Mapping of Cluster Profiles and Priorities • Needs analysis • Categories and numbers of people in need and beneficiaries • How cluster response plans contribute to CHAP SOs • Monitoring table with CHAP SOs x cluster output targets, locations of top priority, beneficiaries of top priority, and cluster objective • Table or map of coverage per location • 3Ws
4. Costing Methodology • The operational budget for each cluster includes the following: • An extrapolation from the cost of relevant activities per beneficiary. • The cost of a project or program, such as a food distribution program or a vaccination program; • Contingency funds for responding to unexpected emergencies; and • Cluster coordination costs, such as those related to the information management, data collection, needs assessments, workspace, capacity building of partners, travel, staff, etc.
5. No up-loading of CHAP projects • THREE POSSIBILITIES: • Independent vetting by donors • Project Selection Criteria (general / sectoral) • A set of criteria will be provided to serve as guidance to agencies and donors as to what projects is deemed in line with the agreed strategic priorities. • Project Review Sheet (on OPS) • Projects are elaborated on an ad hoc basis, allowing more flexibility and more up-to-date project information. • The project review sheet will be a summary of the project, including minimal information, which will serve to link the project to the strategic objectives, activities and target populations in the CHAP. • It will also serve as a basis for tracking what funding goes towards the strategic priorities.
KEY DATES • 5 Sep: Prep Workshop with ICCT • 25 Sep: 1st National CHAP Workshop • 4 Oct: Draft 1 of CHAP out for review • 1-11 Oct: Regional workshops with support from OCHA country office and national clusters • 16 Oct: 2nd National CHAP Workshop • 18 Oct: Draft 2 CHAP out for review • 28 Oct: Final draft CHAP out for review • 1 or 4 Nov: HCT Meeting for Final Review of CHAP • 7 Nov: HC submits final CHAP to Geneva
MORE INFORMATION • Key documents: • Needs analysis framework • Other surveys • Indicators • Data tables and IM tools • Cluster presentations on needs, indicators, 3Ws • 5 SEP CHAP Prep Workshop for ICCT docs • Go to the CHAP 2013 webpage at: • http://afg.humanitarianresponse.info/cap/chap2013