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Japan-India PPP Seminar ~ Infrastructure in the Eleventh Plan - Engaging the Private Sector ~ 14th February, 2008 India International Centre Annex, Delhi Hiromitsu Kuramoto Senior Managing Corporate Officer NYK Line
Corporate Profile • Company Name : Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha • Established : October 1, 1885 • Paid-in Capital : \88,531 million (US$754 million) • Revenue : \2,164,279 million (US$18,334 million) • Operating Income : \107,534 million (US$911 million) • Rating : A3 by Moody’s Investors Service • Scale of Fleet : 742 vessels • Employees : Approx. 48,000 The above data is on consolidated basis US$ = @ Japanese Yen 118.05 as of March 31, 2007
Business at a Glance • Fleet : 742 vessels (2007) 932 vessels (2010) • Logistics center : 34 countries • : 379 warehouses • : 2.2mil m2 • Container Terminals (2007) : In 6 countries • : 34 terminals • : 8.27 mil. teus • RORO Terminals : In 4 countries • : 7 terminals • Air cargo : 10 air freighters (2007) 22 air freighters (2010) As of March 2007
History 1885 NYK Line inaugurated operations 1893 Tied up with Mr.J.N.Tata, established Japan-India liner service between Kobe and Bombay 1911 Commence Calcutta liner service 1992 Tata NYK Transport Systems Ltd. is incorporated as a 50:50 JV between NYK and Tata Tea Ltd as the exclusive agent in India for NYK. 2003 Name of the company was changed to NYK Line (India) Ltd after review of shareholding structure in 2001. 2007 TATA Steel Ltd.and NYK established a joint shipping company for the carriage of coal and iron ore etc. • Bombay-Kobe 1st Int’l liner service in 1893 • Serving India for over 110 years
Activities in India • NYK LINE (INDIA) LTD. • Business : Shipping agency for container business • HQ/Branch : Mumbai, Delhi, Ludhiana, Pipavav, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin, Tuticorin • No.of staff : 190 • NYK MASTER AUTO LOGISTICS LTD. • Business : Truck transportation of finished vehicles • HQ/Branch : Mumbai / Delhi, Chennai • Main client : Maruti, Tata Motors • No.of staff : 30 • No. of Trailer : 47 • NYK LOGISTICS (INDIA) LTD. • Business : Warehousing, Forwarding • HQ/Branch : Mumbai / Delhi, Kolkata, Channai, Pune, Cochin, Tuticorin • Main client : Sony, Tata, Brother, JCB • Warehouses : Mumbai, Grugaon, Chennai • No.of staff : 170 • Yusen Air & Sea Service (India) Pvt. Ltd. • Business : Freight Forwarding (air freight) • HQ/Branch : Delhi (HQ), Mumbai, Bagalore • No. of staff : 40 • NYK SHIPMANAGEMENT PTE LTD • Business : Recruitment & Training for Seafarers • HQ / Branch : Mumbai / Delhi, Kolkata, Channai • No. of Staff : 29
Keys to Success • Harmonized exploitation of infrastructure i) Hardware • Container Terminals • Roll-On/Roll-Off Terminals • Roads • Railways • ICD (Inland Container Depot) Continued
ii) Software – Government Policy • Deregulation & Reformulation of Laws • Motor Vehicle Act 1988 (5th Amendment) • Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989 (5th Amendment) • Planned land acquisition by Public sector and smooth procedure for Change of Land Use • ICEGATE (Indian Customs & Excise Gateway) • Customs EDI Format needs to be unified and simplified • Require ONE system for customs’ clearance Keys to Success Continued
Supplier Parts Consumers Consolidation center Dealer Parts ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ Carrier car Supplier ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ Container terminal Container terminal Container ship Factory Rail & Truck CKD, Parts, etc CKD, Parts, etc Rail / Truck Carrier car ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ Inland Container Depot ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ Carrier car Dealer Car carrier Vehicle distribution center Finished cars Finished cars Consumers ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ ～ Supply Chain Cyclefor Automobile Industry India Asia / Japan Road / Highway / Rail RORO terminal RORO terminal Development by Public and Private
Keys to Success 2. Balanced development between the regions • From Historical and Geographic perspective, Mumbai/JNPT(Nhava Sheva) remains the gateway to/from Western countries • ENNORE Port, strategically located on the south east coast, must be developed as another gateway port for SE ASIA and FE • Chennai Port has little space for further expansion • SE ASIA and FE are the fastest growing region and have more or less 50% of global container traffic volume
Container Throughputat JNPT & Mumbai (‘000TEU) Source: Containerization International • Grew at 5-year CAGR of 13.5% from 2001 and dominate approximately 60% of entire Indian container traffic • Continue to remain as the gateway port between Europe, USA, M.East and Africa
Future Supply & Demand at JNPT & Mumbai (‘000TEU) Assumption : Annual growth rate of 13.5% • Demand will steadily increase and consequently far exceed capacity in the short term • Additional capacity definitely required
Container Throughput at Chennai Source: Containerization International • Chennai has grown at 5-year CAGR of 22.5%, much faster than JNPT & Mumbai
Future Supply & Demandat Chennai (‘000TEU) Assumption : Annual growth rate 22.5% • Chennai is an important port as the gateway to/from SE Asia and FE • Nevertheless, it has little space for further expansion after 2nd Terminal under construction by PSA and SICAL • Need to develop additional capacity at Ennore Port with proximity of Chennai and less environmental problems
Keys to Success 3. Look Asia!, Look Japan! Asia is the most important region both in export & import
How can NYK contribute ? • Development and Operation of container terminal at ; • JNPT 4th Container Terminal, and/or • Terminal in Gujarat • Development and Operation of container terminal at ; • Ennore Port • Operate RORO terminals developed by Public sector on both East and West coast
< Individual Carrier Ranking > (TEU) 1 MAERSK 1,610,000 2 MSC 990,000 3 CMA-CGM 650,000 4 EVERGREEN 550,000 5 HAPAG-LLOYD 440,000 6 COSCO 380,000 7 CHINA SHIPPING 360,000 8 HAJIN 340,000 9 NYK 310,000 10 APL 310,000 11 OOCL 300,000 12 MOL 280,000 13 K-LINE 270,000 14 YANGMING 260,000 15 ZIM 220,000 16 CSAV 220,000 17 HAMBURG-SUD 190,000 18 HYUNDAI 180,000 MISC 50,000 < Group Ranking Top 5 > (TEU) MAERSK 1,610,000 CKYH 1,250,000 Grand Alliance 1,100,000 MSC 990,000 TNWA 770,000 Strength of NYK- Global Container Carriers- Source: MDS 2006 Continued
Strength of NYK- Container Shipping - • Four weekly direct sailings between JNPT and SE Asia / FE • Another new service - JNPT / China direct linkage - is coming soon • No other carriers than NYK serving JNPT directly from Japan “Hercules Service” “China India Express” “Pakistan India Express” “Hyper Galex Service” Continued
Strength of NYK- Container Shipping - • NYK is the 1st carrier launched weekly service between Chennai and SE ASIA • Two weekly direct sailings between Chennai and SE Asia / FE “Asia Chennai Service” “Thai Chennai Express” Continued
Container Terminals Japan Tokyo Yokohama Nagoya (2) Kobe Canada Netherlands Montreal Halifax Amsterdam China Dalian (2008) Shanghai (2009) Taiwan Kaohsiung USA Los Angeles Houston Tacoma (2012) Thailand Laem Chabang Australia Sydney • Total 13 terminals in 6 countries • Handled 8.3 million teus in 2006 (incl. stevedoring) * As of Dec 2007 Continued
Asian Carriers’ Consortium + Evergreen Marine NYK Line(Leader) JNPT Hyundai Merchant Marine ENNORE Strength of NYK- Container Terminal - NYK, as the lead member, is aiming to develop and operate new terminals at JNPT and ENNORE in alliance with Asia based global carriers. Continued
Strength of NYK- RORO Carrier & RORO Terminal - • Largest operator of RORO vessels in the world • Strong relations with all the major automobile manufacturers, TOYOTA, SUZUKI, MARUTI, TATA MOTORS • Rich experiences in operation of RORO terminals in overseas (China, Singapore, Thailand and Belgian) Share 17% Source : “World PCC Fleet” July 2007 Fearnresearch Continued
RORO Terminals China • Dalian • Tianjin • Shanghai Belgium • Antwerp • Zeebrugge Thailand Singapore • Laem Chabang • Singapore
RORO Terminal Requirements • Capacity : 500,000 vehicles p.a. • Quay length : 540 m • Draft at Berth : 12 m • Width of apron : 50 m • Parking Space : 250,000 m2 (adjacent to the terminal) • Free from tidal/current factors for operations on 24x7 basis • Rail-siding with adjustable ramp • Land for PDI facilities for Multiple automobile companies • Area free of dust pollution Continued
RORO Terminal – Planned Layout Continued
Keys to Sucess • Harmonized exploitation of infrastructure • Balanced development between the regions • Look Asia!, Look Japan!
Our Wishes • Concession to develop, operate and manageJNPT 4th Container Terminaloralternative in Gujarat • Concession to develop, operate and manage new container terminal at Ennore Port • Concession to Operate dedicated RORO terminals developed by PUBIC sector