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History 311. Religion and Politics Part One. Papacy Challenged. Avignon Papacy, 1305-1378 Gregory XI Returns to Rome, 1377 Urban VI (1378-1389) Clement VII Elected by French Cardinals The Great Schism Begins, 1378. Papal Palace at Avignon. The Great Schism. Papacy Challenged.

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history 311

History 311

Religion and Politics

Part One

papacy challenged
Papacy Challenged
  • Avignon Papacy, 1305-1378
  • Gregory XI Returns to Rome, 1377
  • Urban VI (1378-1389)
  • Clement VII Elected by French Cardinals
  • The Great Schism Begins, 1378

Papal Palace at Avignon

papacy challenged1
Papacy Challenged
  • Conciliar Movement
    • Marsiglio of Padua, Defender of the Peace
    • Council of Pisa, 1409
      • Deposes both Popes
      • Elects John XXIII
    • Council of Constance, 1414-1418
      • Deposes all three Popes
      • Elects Martin V, 1417-1431
renaissance
RENAISSANCE
  • Rebirth
  • Urban Society
  • Secular Spirit
  • Individualism
  • Humanism
    • Ideal of Complete Personality
    • Revival of Antiquity
slide8

Niccolo Machiavelli

1469-1527

The Prince

1513

slide9

Statue of David

By

Michelangelo

1475-1654

slide12

Julius II

1503-1513

Alexander VI

1492-1503

Leo X

1513-1521

Clement VII

1523-34

slide14

Philip and Joanna

Maximilian I of Habsburg and Mary of Burgundy with Family

Charles V

Habsburg and Burgundy Connection

slide15

Habsburg vs Valois

Francis I, 1494-47

King of France, 1515-47

Charles V, 1500-58

Holy Roman Emperor, 1519-56