UKOLN is supported by:. Interoperability? Are Standards The Answer?. Brian Kelly UKOLN University of Bath Bath. Email B.Kelly@ukoln.ac.uk URL http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/. Contents. Role Of Open Standards. What Are Open Standards?. Why Open Standards?.
University of Bath
Role Of Open Standards
What Are Open Standards?
Why Open Standards?
Interoperability, Open Standards & Open Source
Problems With Open Standards
Using Open Standards
Open Standards & Software
Scope Of Open Standards
Why We Need QA
See <http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/qa-focus/documents/briefings/briefing-11/>What Are Open Standards?
These views probably aren’t accepted by bearded, left-of-centre Linux geeks – but may be held by the senior managers who are the target audience of this workshop’s deliverables.
Standards: concerned with protocols and file formats
Architectures: models for implementing systems
Open standards vs. Proprietary HTML / XML vs. PDF / Flash
CSS / XSL vs. HTML
GIF vs PNG
Which standards are applicable
NT / UnixFile system / database application
HTML tools / content management
Applications: software products used to implement systems
Resources: financial & staff costs needed to implement systems
Apache / IIS
FrontPage / Dreamweaver
Oracle / SQLServer
ColdFusion vs ASP
Development vs. Migration costs
Use of in-house expertise
In-house vs. out-sourced
Licensed vs. open source
ResourcesWhat About The Users?
Do users actually want open standards or open source? If not, what strategies do we adopt to get them on our side, as the producers?
You can use open standards, be fully compliant and not be interoperable :-(
Note that (draft) JISC Programme Guidelines have inconsistencies in this area
Advantages: Reflects HE software development culture; tolerant of diversity (skills, resources, …); encourages sharing of best practices
Disadvantages: Permits organisations to perpetuate existing, non-optimal practices; no guarantees of interoperability; woolly; …
Remember legislation expects organisations to take "reasonable measures"
Note this idea is at an early stage