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Understanding Our High-Tech Students and Developing the Best Learning Approaches. Larry D. Rosen, Ph.D. California State University, Dominguez Hills September 17, 2013. TECHNOLOGY USED TO BE JUST FOR GEEKS AND NERDS. … NOW IT IS FOR EVERYONE. TODAY’S TALK PLAN. A Tale of 6 Generations
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Understanding Our High-Tech Students and Developing the Best Learning Approaches
Larry D. Rosen, Ph.D.
California State University,
September 17, 2013
TECHNOLOGY USED TO BE JUST FOR GEEKS AND NERDS. … NOW IT IS FOR EVERYONE
A Tale of 6 Generations
Gobbling a Daily Media Diet
A New Era of Communicating
The Student Brain – A scary concept!
Three Simple Strategies for Educating Our Young Learners
Penetration Rate = Years to Reach 50 Million Users
Radio took 38 years
The Telephone took 20 years
Television took 13 years
Cell Phones took 12 years
Angry Birds Took Just 35 Days!
The WWW took 4 years
iPods took 3 years
Blogs took 3 years
MySpace took 2.5 years
Facebook took 2 years
YouTube took 1 year
THESE ARE ALL TECHNOLOGIES THAT DID NOT EXIST BEFORE THE YEAR 2000
AT THE SAME TIME
NEW TECHNOLOGY IS MAKING OUR LIVES MORE DIFFICULT BECAUSE WE ARE CONTINUALLY HAVING TO LEARN MORE AND MORE . . . AND FASTER AND FASTER
And Sometimes it Just Doesn’t Make Sense
CHILDREN, TEENAGERS AND YOUNG ADULTS SEEM LIKE THEY ARE ALIENS … PARTICULARLY WHEN THEY COMMUNICATE
BABY BOOMERS 8 HOURS A DAY
GENERATION X 15 HOURS A DAY
NET GENERATION 21 HOURS A DAY
iGENERATION 21 HOURS A DAY
GENERATION “C” 10 HOURS A DAY
BABY BOOMERS TV
GENERATION X MUSIC
NET GENERATION MUSIC
GENERATION “C” TV
NATIONAL NIELSEN RESEARCH
And 42% of teens say they can text blindfolded.
THE EPITOME OF MULTITAKSING WAS INTRODUCED AT THE 2013 CONSUMER ELECTRONICS SHOW
(“Continuous Partial Attention”)
GENERATION C iGENERATION NET GEN GEN X BABY
4-8 9-12 13-15 16-18 BOOMERS
Eating and playing a board game?
Reading a book and listening to music?
Surfing the Internet and listening to music?
Reading a book and watching TV?
Reading a book and talking on the phone?
Reading a book, texting, Facebooking, and listening to music (with the TV on)?
Poor Decision Making
Breadth vs. Depth of Material
Poor Sleep Habits
Overuse of Caffeine
AT BIRTH CHILDREN START TO MYELINATE NEURONS BUT SOME SIGNALS STILL ESCAPE
YOUR BRAIN SEARCHING GOOGLE
YOUR BRAIN READING A BOOK
(Cheever, Pasquerella, Rosen, & Carrier, 2013)
Smartphones taken away
Heavy Smartphone Users
Light Smartphone Users
WHAT DO YOU DO WITH YOUR CELL PHONE WHEN YOU GO TO SLEEP?
Leave the ringer on (44%)
Put ringer on vibrate (31%)
SO, WHAT IS IT?
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR EDUCATING OUR CHILDREN, TEENS & YOUNG ADULTS?
Social connections are everything
Speed/Immediacy is CRITICAL
Belief in SELF: Any dream can be reality
Enjoy being creative
Strong family connection (not f2f)
Prefer to work in teams (“social”)
Prefer project deadlinesbut no progress reports
Need positive reinforcement immediateand often
Motivated by time off to play with technology
ARE THEY DISTRACTED?
AND WHAT ROLE DOES TECHNOLOGY PLAY IN THEIR FOCUS AND ATTENTION?
A CASE OF DISTRACTED LEARNERS
SAME FOR COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS AND MEDICAL STUDENTS
How much they stay “on task” (GOOD!)
If they have strategies for studying (GOOD!)
Preference for task switching (BAD )
Daily media consumption (BAD )
Whether they checked Facebook ONCE during 15 minutes (AWFUL!)
METACOGNITION IN ACTION
What is your major and why did you choose it?
8 TEXT GROUP DID WORSE THAN 0 TEXT GROUP
(and maybe yours, too!)