ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspective the netherlands 1887 1941
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Research funded by NWO MAGW Grant 400-05-054. Ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspective The Netherlands, 1887-1941. Social Stratification Research Seminar Utrecht, September 8-9 2010. Richard L. Zijdeman | Utrecht University | [email protected] Introduction.

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ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspective the netherlands 1887 1941
Research funded by NWO MAGW Grant 400-05-054

Ascription and achievement from a historical contextual perspectiveThe Netherlands, 1887-1941

Social Stratification Research Seminar

Utrecht, September 8-9 2010

Richard L. Zijdeman | Utrecht University | [email protected]

introduction
Introduction
  • Research on contemporary intergenerational status attainment draws on detailed data and advanced methods but seldom takes context into account
  • Research on status attainment in the past often uses marriage records, which has no information on educational attainment
research questions
Research questions
  • How much did the status attainment process change in the Netherlands at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century?
  • Can these changes be explained by differences in regional developments (“modernization”)?
slide5
Zierikzeesche Nieuwsbode, May 31st 1881, p2/2.

Source: http://beeldbank.zeeuwsebibliotheek.nl/krantenbank/

slide6
Mass communication

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Father’s

occupation

Son’s

occupation

Son’s

education

slide7
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Educational expansion

In-migration

Educational expansion

Urbanization

Mass communication

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approach 1
Approach (1)
  • Start with a representative sample of those entering higher secondary education (VHMO) in 1880/81 and 1920
  • Trace back their marriage records
  • Combine these data with marriage records of the Historical Sample of the Netherlands
approach 2
Approach (2)
  • Compare status attainment models within cohorts (1880-’81 and 1920) in more and less advanced municipalities of marriage (e.g. more/less urbanized)
  • Compare between cohorts within more and less advanced municipalities
status attainment 1880 1920
Status attainment 1880 / 1920

Son’s occupational status

Father’s occupational status

Son’s educational

attainment

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Overall:
    • Direct influence of father on son’s occupational status decreases
    • Educational attainment becomes more important for a son’s occupational status
  • Context specific:
    • Most of these changes only occur in the more advanced regions (cities) over time
    • Little difference between less and more advanced regions
  • Industrialism thesis or status maintenance theory?
    • Industrialism thesis, but little evidence for decreasing effect of social background on educational attainment
to do
To do
  • Use continuous measures rather than more / less advanced context
  • add indicators (e.g. railway stations, industrialization)
  • or maybe go back to “modernization”?
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