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Practicing Muslim population from northwestern China, Xinjiang Province Turkic speaking people China accuses the Uighurs of building unrest in the western region of Xinjiang Rights groups say thousands have been killed or imprisoned in China's crackdown on the Uighurs' separatist actions.

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uighurs http www youtube com watch v sdo5zkec s8
Practicing Muslim population from northwestern China, Xinjiang Province

Turkic speaking people

China accuses the Uighurs of building unrest in the western region of Xinjiang

Rights groups say thousands have been killed or imprisoned in China's crackdown on the Uighurs' separatist actions.

http english aljazeera net news asia pacific 2010 03 20103259750420153 html
beijing opera

Beijing Opera


(“Capital City Opera”)


first introductions
Not easily accessible to new ears and first time listeners

Vocal quality is quite distinctive and uses a different aesthetic for beauty than that of the West

Timbre is challenging to newcomers


Everyone is easily drawn to the visual brilliance, the make-up and painted faces, and the acrobatic stage action.

First introductions
aspects of jingju
Singing: chang

Speech: nian

Acting: zuo

Fighting: da

Female impersonators

Male impersonators

Most famous ones today are men who play female roles

Aspects of Jingju
peking opera legend mei lan fang 1894 1961
Peking opera legend:Mei Lan(fang)(1894-1961)

His own museum in Beijing, was

his former home

similar to onnagata in japan
Famous for his qingyi roles (woman’s role)

Usually would sing in falsetto

One of the first jingju stars to perform to international audiences: Japan, US, USSR

Similar to onnagata in Japan

Became friends with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks

Fairbanks visited China in 1929. He apologized for the treatment of Chinese in previous American films.
  • Evil Knieval meets opera
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0qEEv43GDc&feature=PlayList&p=C05D5DEFB6DEC0FF&playnext_from=PL&playnext=1&index=12http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0qEEv43GDc&feature=PlayList&p=C05D5DEFB6DEC0FF&playnext_from=PL&playnext=1&index=12
  • http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-3554077402036002482#
  • Prepare to be amazed: Guangdong Acrobatic Troupe of China
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=btiBzU9mCgY
instruments of jingju combination of melodic and percussive instruments
Melodic: 2 groups

Civil and Military

Civil is led by the short bamboo fiddle called jinghu

Military is led by the loud double-reed called suona

Instruments of Jingju:Combination of melodic and percussive instruments






mongolia the world s largest land locked nation
Mongolia, the world’s largest land-locked nation

Ladies & Gentlemen, Welcome to Mongolia!

Arrival in Mongolia

the land
The Land
  • Climate:   Large daily and seasonal temperature changes
  • Summer averages 68F.
  • Winter averages ­13F degrees.
  • Winter is from October till April.
  • Mongolia has more than 260 sunny days per year on average.
  • Average Elevation: More than 5,180 feet (one mile above sea level).
  • Major Rivers & Lakes: The Orkhon River is the longest river in Mongolia at 698 miles (1124 km). Lake Hovsgol Nuur is Mongolia’s largest lake and holds 2% of the world’s freshwater supply.
  • Desert steppe
  • Gobi Desert: covers most of Mongolia’s southern territory; 17 % of the total country mass

Literacy rate of 99%

  • Religions are Tibetan
  • Buddhism and Lamaism
  • Life expectancy is 65
sheep an important product
Sheep…an important “product”

Nomadic herders

Diet is primarily meat, with some dairy products. Vegetables and fruit are

very rare because they have no gardens.

have you milked your yak today
Have you milked your yak today?

Fermented horse milk (airag) is a national drink

mongolian bbq
Mongolian BBQ

“A popular way of cooking meat is putting hot rocks in a large container, adding mutton and some water, and closing it tightly for several hours. The meat, served in large chunks, gets very tender. The fat, which is drunk hot while it is still liquid is for the real mutton fan only... This is the real Mongolian barbeque, a far cry from the so-called Mongolian grill restaurants that have spring up in the west” (Blue Peak Travel).

ghengis khan
Ghengis Khan

131 feet tall, 250 tons of stainless steel, on a Mongolian steppe: visitors

can come out between his legs onto the observation deck on his horse’s head

ghengis khan1
Conquered about half the known world in the 13th century

Since Mongolia overthrew Communism in 1990, Ghengis Khan has returned as a hero in his own land.

“The khan’s bearded visage graces cans of energy drinks, vodka bottles and cigarette packs, as well as the money to pay for those goods” (NY Times).

Ghengis Khan
  • NY Times video movie review
throat singing
Throat singing
  • Short example
  • Accompanied example
  • Horse head fiddle solo with singing