reading 4 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Reading 4 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Reading 4

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

Reading 4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 167 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Diary of a Young Girl By Anne Frank. Reading 4. 15 June 1943 – 29 December 1943. Tuesday, 15 June, 1943. Mr. Vossen has stomach cancer; he is forced to retire to take care of his health He will die in November 1945 from cancer; Otto will attend his funeral on December 1 .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Reading 4' - pahana


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
reading 4

The Diary of a Young Girl

By Anne Frank

Reading 4

15 June 1943 –

29 December 1943

tuesday 15 june 1943
Tuesday, 15 June, 1943
  • Mr.Vossen has stomach cancer; he is forced to retire to take care of his health
    • He will die in November 1945 from cancer; Otto will attend his funeral on December 1.
  • The office is forced to turn in their radio
    • Though it was illegal to listen to British radio, many Dutch began to listen to the BBC and radio broadcasts from the Dutch government in exile.
    • In 1943, in response to these acts of resistance, over one million radio sets were confiscated by the Nazis The radio has become their “source of courage” (84).
    • They are using a clandestineradio
    • The Dutch Resistance during World War II
sunday 11 july 1943
Sunday, 11 July, 1943
  • Anne has decided to keep her opinions to herself to keep the peace.
  • Anne needs eyeglasses badly and Edith suggests sending her to the oculist with Mrs. Koophuis
    • Anne is petrified to go outside
    • Anne does not believe the plan will happen because the British have invaded Sicily, and everyone hopes the war will be over soon.
13 july 1943
13 July, 1943
  • Anne reports her attempts at negotiation with Mr. Dussel over the use of the table in their shared room. (86-88).
    • Do you think she is being fair? Why or why not?
    • What is Mr. Dussel’s argument why he should not share the desk?
    • How is the argument resolved?

Anne Frank’s desk

friday 16 july 1943
Friday, 16 July, 1943
  • At 7 am, Peter notices the warehouse door and the door to the street were open.
    • Otto and Peter turn the radio to a German station
    • The people in the Secret Annexe stay extremely quiet
  • Mr. Koophuis tells them that the burglars pried the doors open with a crowbar.
    • They stole two cashboxes, postal orders, checkbooks, and the coupons for 150 kilos of sugar.
    • The money and typewriters were upstairs and safe.
friday 23 july 1943
Friday, 23 July, 1943
  • Anne tells us what the group wants when they get out of hiding.
    • Margot & Mr. Van Daan– a long, hot bath.
    • Mrs. Van Daan– ice cream cakes
    • Dussell- wants to see his wife
    • Otto– wants to visit Mr. Vossen
    • Peter– wants to visit town and the cinema
    • Anne- wants a home of their own, to be able to move freely, and to go to school.
  • Elli wants to buy fruit
    • Grapes f.5.00 per kilo ($1.40 for 2.2 lbs)
    • Gooseberries f.0.70 per pound($0.21)
    • Peaches f.0.50 each ($0.14)
    • Melon f.1.50 per kilo ($0.42)
monday 26 july 1943
Monday, 26 July, 1943
  • Anne discusses how the Allies have begun to bomb Amsterdam, including two critical targets:
    • Fokker aircraft plant
    • Schiphol, Amsterdam’s airport
  • Why do you think Anne

prepares an “escape

bag” when she admits

the streets are “just as

dangerous as an air

raid” (91)?

slide8

Benito Mussolini, the Italian dictator, stepped down as head of the armed forces and the government

    • Since Mussolini was Hitler’s junior partner, this is a blow to the Axis powers, especially after Sicily was invaded by the Allies a few days prior.
    • The Italian king Victor Emmanuel takes control and wishes to disassociate his regime from the Fascist Party, the movement founded by Mussolini in 1919 as Fasci di Combattimento.
  • Many observers believe the removal of Mussolini is a first step towards Italy pulling out of the war altogether and declaring neutrality - but it seems clear the Allies are not prepared to accept anything less than unconditional surrender.
  • BBC radio announcement
thursday 29 july 1943
Thursday, 29 July, 1943
  • While they are washing dishes, Dussell and Mrs. Van Daan criticize Anne for having been brought up knowing too much about “grown-up” subjects.
    • They agree that she will not be able to get a husband or fall in love
    • What does their reaction tell you about society’s expectations for women at this time?
  • Anne goes on to criticize Mrs. Van Daan for not setting a good example for what a woman should be (94)
  • Anne adds a postscript that reminds the reader that she was very angry when writing this entry– it’s not necessarily how she feels
    • Another sign that Anne is thinking about publishing the diary
tuesday 3 august 1943
Tuesday, 3 August, 1943
  • The air raids continue to get worse
  • Anne mentions how Mr. & Mrs. Van Daan frequently fight.
    • “An Unusual Couple” video
slide11
Wednesday, 4 August, 1943Thursday, 5 August, 1943Monday, 9 August, 1943Friday, 20 August, 1943Monday, 23 August, 1943
  • Anne describes the complicated daily schedule of the annex, pointing out that it is very different from the routine that ordinary people would follow during ordinary times.
    • Her hour-by-hour account is filled with humorous and not very complimentary descriptions of the other people in the annex.
    • A sign that Anne intends for the diary to be published; her personal diary does not need this amount of detail.
tuesday 10 august 1943
Tuesday, 10 August, 1943
  • Anne tries to use what her mother calls “the Art of Living” to make life in the Secret Annexe better
    • Tries to stay positive
    • Example: Instead of feeling upset when she gets out of bed in the morning, she tells herself, “You’ll be back in a second.”
  • Anne receives new shoes
  • Mr. Dussel almost causes trouble by asking Miep to bring him a banned book.
    • Miep is run into by an S.S. car
    • Luckily, they do not make her go back to headquarters with them
westertoren church
Westertoren Church
  • WesterkerkChurch
    • The bells ring every 15 minutes
    • Anne comes to love the bells, like a faithful friend.
    • During World War II, the bells were removed to prevent them from being melted down to make weapons.
    • Rembrandt van Rijn, the artist, is buried here in an unmarked grave.
friday 10 september 1943
Friday, 10 September, 1943
  • The group hears on the BBC that Italy has signed an unconditional armistice to the Allies
    • Afterwards, in a personal message to the Italian people, Italian Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio confirmed the surrender and even hinted his people should turn against their former allies, the Germans:
    • BBC news broadcast
    • President FDR reminded the American people that the war was not yet over:
      • “The time has not yet come for celebration.”
  • Anne is worried about Mr. Koophuis because he has to have a serious abdominal surgery
thursday 16 september 1943
Thursday, 16 September, 1943
  • Anne tells the reader she has been taking medication each night for depression.
    • In each entry in this section, her anxiety grows.
    • She’s just a young girl and can no longer be strong.
  • Anne worries that “VM” will find out about the hiding place.
    • VM is Willem van Maaren, the warehouse manager
    • He’s the inquisitive type and becomes suspicious.
    • He sets “traps” in the warehouse (papers on the edge of tables so they fall off as you walk past)
    • The group wonders how they can get rid of him without him going to the police with his suspicions.
wednesday 29 september 1943
Wednesday, 29 September, 1943
  • Elli becomes exasperated with the number of errands the people in the Secret Annexe ask her to run
  • She is also responsible for doing her work in the office, too.
sunday 17 october 1943 friday 29 october 1943
Sunday, 17 October, 1943Friday, 29 October, 1943
  • Koophuis returns to work from surgery, but his stomach continues to upset him.
  • The Van Daans have run out of money
    • Mr. Van Daan sells Mrs. Van Daan’s fur coat
      • Mrs. Van Daan wants to save the money to use to buy new clothes after the war.
      • Mr. Van Daan convinces her they need the money now.
  • There has been a lot of quarrelling in the Annexe lately.
  • Anne compares herself to a bird with broken wings, longing for fresh air and sunshine
    • Metaphor
    • uses comparisons to nature to express her feelings and desires that are too difficult to describe in literal terms.
wednesday 3 november 1943
Wednesday, 3 November, 1943
  • Mr. Frank asks Mr. Kleiman for a children’s Bible so that Anne can learn about the New Testament
    • The Franks and Van Daans identify themselves as Germans first and Jews second.
      • This identity became unclear when Hitler revoked their citizenship.
    • Mr. Frank demonstrates his open-mindedness when he decides to buy Anne a Bible.
      • The Franks and Van Daans celebrate both Christian and Jewish holidays
      • They do not keep kosher
monday 8 november 1943
Monday, 8 November, 1943
  • Anne has nightmares
  • Miep tells Anne that she envies the peace and quiet of the annex.
    • describes more of Miep’s role in keeping the annex running and gives us a sense of the amount of work Miep has to do to keep them supplied in secret.
    • Anne understands Miep’s envy of the people in the annex, since the situation outside is not favorable for any of the Dutch people, even non-Jews.
    • The people who protect the annex are under just as much stress as those inside.
    • Anne knows that Miep is unaware of the difficulties of their life in hiding, such as the constant quarreling and frustration at being in such close quarters.
    • Miepdoes not understand what it is like to be a young girl, trapped in a small attic with a whole world just out of reach.
slide20

Anne, who is constantly afraid of being discovered, compares the eight residents to a patch of blue sky surrounded by dark clouds.

    • The clouds are coming in, and they can see both the destruction below them and the peace above them.
    • Another example of her using the natural world to explain her feelings
      • The natural world is what she misses most in hiding.
thursday 11 november 1943
Thursday, 11 November, 1943
  • Anne writes about her most prized possession, her fountain pen, sent to her by her grandmother
  • She describes her history with the pen
  • The pen was left on the table while the group rubbed the beans free of mold before cooking
    • It is accidentally swept into the fire with the rubbish and burnt.
wednesday 17 november 1943
Wednesday, 17 November, 1943
  • Elli is forced to stay away from the annex for six weeks because of an outbreak of diphtheria at her house
  • Margot takes a correspondence class in Latin, in Elli’s name
  • November 16 marked one year of Mr. Dussell living in the Annexe.
    • Mrs. Van Daan makes it clear she feels he should give them a thank you present.
      • He gives Edith a plant and does not give anything to Mrs. Van Daan.
      • Anne notes that Mr. Dussel has not once thanked them for taking him into the annex
saturday 27 november 1943
Saturday, 27 November, 1943
  • Anne dreams that she sees Lies Goosen, her best friend, who asks Anne to rescue her.
    • Lies is a pseudonym for Hanneli Pick-Goslar
    • Anne regrets not treating Lies better and feels guilty that she is still relatively safe while Lies is suffering.
  • Lies and Anne later reunite in Bergen-Belsen
  • Lies survives the war, moves to Israel, and becomes a nurse. She has three children and ten grandchildren.

Lies (left) and Anne in school before the war

monday 6 december 1943
Monday, 6 December, 1943
  • St. Nicholas Day comes again
    • Anne decorates a laundry basket with colorful paper and fills it with shoes.
    • She and her father write verses and put one in each shoe
friday 24 december 1943
Friday, 24 December, 1943
  • Anne is still grateful that her situation is better than that of other Jewish children
    • However, she cannot help feeling jealous of Mrs. Koophuis’s children.
    • Her children can go outside and play with friends, while Anne’s family and friends are trapped in the annex like “lepers.”
  • She misses having a mother that understands her
    • She often thinks about the “Mumsie” she will be to her own children.
saturday 25 december 1943
Saturday, 25 December, 1943
  • Cryptic entry about Otto discussing the love of his youth with Anne
    • “I believe that Pim talked about it because he who ‘knows the secrets of so many other hearts’ had to express his own feelings for once; because otherwise Pim never says a word about himself, and I don’t think Margo has any idea of all Pim has had to go through”.
  • The Hidden Life of Otto Frank by Carol Ann Lee
    • Otto’s marriage to Edith may have been "a business arrangement" to rid himself of growing debt with his wife's dowry and to have the children that he so desperately longed for.
slide27

In an entry on February 8, 1944, Anne wrote about her parents’ marriage:

"I have the impression that Daddy married Mummy because he felt she would be a suitable wife. I have to admit I admire Mummy for the way she assumed the role of his wife and has never, as far as I know, complained or been jealous. . . . Daddy certainly admired Mummy's attitude and thought she had an excellent character. . . . What kind of marriage has it turned out to be? No quarrels or differences of opinion-but hardly an ideal marriage. Daddy respects Mummy and loves her, but not with the kind of love I envision for a marriage. . . . Daddy's not in love. He kisses her the way he kisses us. . . . One day Daddy is bound to realize that while, on the outside, she has never demanded his total love, on the inside, she has slowly but surely been crumbling away. She loves him more than anyone, and it's hard to see this kind of love not being returned"

How do you view the marriage of Otto and Edith

Is it any less of a marriage because Edith was not the great love of Otto's life?

wednesday 29 december 1943
Wednesday, 29 December, 1943
  • Anne dreams about Lies again and her own Grandmother
  • Thinks about how her grandmother kept her internal disease a secret the whole time.
    • “A person can be lonely even if he is loved by many people, because he is still not the “One and Only” to anyone”
    • The appearance of Anne’s grandmother in her dream emphasizes Anne’s longing for security.
    • Anne’s dreams reflect the profound feelings of sadness and loneliness that she feels she must put aside for the good of the group.