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THE FIRST ENGLISH COLONIES. CHAPTER 5 SECTION 1. Planting English Colonies. Pocahontas, the daughter of Chief Powhatan, was a 12 yr. old Indian girl who saved the life of Captain John Smith. She brought food to the settlers of Jamestown and helped them survive the winter of 1607.

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planting english colonies
Planting English Colonies
  • Pocahontas, the daughter of Chief Powhatan, was a 12 yr. old Indian girl who saved the life of Captain John Smith.
  • She brought food to the settlers of Jamestown and helped them survive the winter of 1607.
  • Pocahontas married John Rolfe, a colonist who exported tobacco. For a few years the English settlers and the Indians lived together without conflict.
2 reasons for establishing english colonies
2 Reasons For Establishing English Colonies
  • 1. An economic revolution had created wealthy landowners who wanted a place to invest. The economic revolution also uprooted small farmers who needed new lands to farm.
  • Invest-to use money to help a business start or grow, with the hope of earning a profit.
  • Example-Jamestown Colony 1607 (Virginia)
2 reasons for establishing english colonies1
2 Reasons For Establishing English Colonies
  • 2. Religious conflict was the second reason for establishing English interest in colonies. Both Catholics and Protestants looked for religious freedom in America.
  • Example- The Plymouth Colony 1620 ( Massachusetts) founded by the Pilgrims
the first english colony in america
The First English Colony in America
  • In 1607, the first colony was Jamestown founded in Virginia as a joint stock company by the Virginia Company of London.
  • The Jamestown settlers looked for gold and silver but were not successful. The Jamestown settlers struggled, even after they grew tobacco for export.
  • Joint stock company-a business that raised money by selling shares called stocks to investors.
  • Exports-goods sent out of one country to sell in another
jamestown 1607
Jamestown 1607
  • In order to get to Virginia, poor people agreed to become indentured servants.
  • Indentured servants-they signed contracts agreeing to work four to seven years without pay for the person who paid their passage.
self government
Self-Government
  • In 1619, Virginia took a step toward self government. Adult male landowners elected representatives to a legislature called the House of Burgesses.
  • Representatives- people chosen to speak and act in government for their fellow citizens
  • legislature-a group of people chosen to make laws
virginia the royal colony
Virginia the Royal Colony
  • Burgesses- in Virginia, representatives were called Burgesses.
  • In 1624, King James I made Virginia a royal colony.
  • Royal colony- the king appointed the governor and the council of advisors
the plymouth colony 1620
The Plymouth Colony 1620
  • In 1620, the Puritans a.k.a. Pilgrims started the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts. The Pilgrims came over on a ship called the Mayflower and “landed” on Plymouth Rock.
the mayflower compact
The Mayflower Compact
  • The Pilgrims signed an agreement called the Mayflower Compact. It allowed signers to agree to make laws ” for the general good of the colony unto which we promise all due obedience”. Dated November 21, 1620.
puritans a k a pilgrims
Puritans a.k.a. Pilgrims
  • Puritans- some English Protestants thought the Church of England was too much like the Catholic Church. These people were called Puritans because they believed in simpler, “purer” forms of worship.
  • Pilgrims-got their name from the word pilgrimage.Pilgrimage- a religious journey