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Eucharist. Church and Eucharist. What do you think of when you hear the word “church?” Read pages 135-139 Describe the many different uses of the word “church.” Explain how church & Eucharist are interrelated. Eucharist. Makes present the death and resurrection of Jesus.

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church and eucharist
Church and Eucharist
  • What do you think of when you hear the word “church?”
  • Read pages 135-139
  • Describe the many different uses of the word “church.”
  • Explain how church & Eucharist are interrelated.
  • Makes present the death and resurrection of Jesus.
    • We participate in this mystery as we enter the Sacrament.
    • Sign of the unity of the Church
    • Source of the unity of the Church as we become conformed to Christ.
    • “Source and Summit of the Christian Life”
  • Jewish tradition of gathering together to worship God continued
  • House churches – small dynamic communities of love & service
  • Church = assembly; divinely called gathering.
  • Three levels of Church
    • Entire people of God (universal)
    • Local Church (diocese)
    • Celebration of liturgy (parish)
  • Church = Body of Christ
    • Church is deprived if one member is absent.
church the eucharist
Church & the Eucharist
  • Church is the Body of Christ (St. Paul)
  • Eucharist is the Church gathering to give thanks & praise to God.
  • Eucharist makes us become more and more God’s people, temples of Holy Spirit, members of Body of Christ.
  • Eucharist strengthens the Church, and the Church is the true home of the Eucharist.
introductory rites
Introductory Rites
  • Opening Procession
  • Sign of the Cross
  • Greeting
  • Penitential Rite
  • Gloria (outside of Lent)
  • Collect (Opening Prayer)
elements of the liturgy of the word
Elements of the Liturgy of the Word

First Reading


Second Reading

Gospel Acclamation



Profession of Faith

Prayer of the Faithful

  • Schedule of readings throughout the year
    • Universal - Every Roman Catholic Church throughout the world follows the same schedule of readings.
    • No matter where you are on any given day, you will hear the same readings as people all over the world.
  • Cycle of readings
    • Weekend – Three year cycle – A, B, and C
    • Weekday – Two year cyle – 1 & 2.
liturgy of the eucharist
Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • Presentation and Preparation of the Gifts
  • Eucharistic Prayer
  • Communion
gifts at mass
Gifts at Mass
  • Bread, wine, and offering for poor are presented to priest in name of Church
  • Symbolically, we also offer ourselves to be transformed with the bread and wine.
    • “See what you are; become what you receive.” – Augustine
  • Summary of Mass & Christianity:
    • “By the mystery of this water and wine may we come to share in the divinity of Christ who humbled himself to share in our humanity.” MEMORIZE!
eucharistic prayer
Eucharistic Prayer
  • Anaphora – “offering”
    • What do we offer up to the Lord?
  • Preface
    • “Introduction” of the Eucharistic prayer.
    • What do we give thanks for?
  • Epiclesis “invocation”
    • Calling down the Holy Spirit on the gifts to make them holy.
  • Institution Narrative
    • Words of Christ at the Last Supper
  • Consecration/Transubstantiation
liturgy of the eucharist1
Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • Anamnesis – “Remembering”
    • What do we remember?
  • Intercessions – Prayers for Church
    • Who do we pray for?
  • Doxology and Amen – “words of praise” & our assent
items used during eucharist
Items used during Eucharist
  • Corporal – square cloth on which everything is placed
    • from Latin “corpus” meaning body
  • Purificator – folded in three layers, used to purify (clean) chalice & paten
  • Chalice – vessel for wine
  • Paten – round dish for host (bread)
  • Roman Missal (Sacramentary) -

book of prayers & rituals

ministries as mass
Ministries as Mass
  • Ministry – Service
    • Each person at Mass has a vital role in building the Body of Christ.
  • Bishop – sign of unity with whole Church.
  • Priest – makes present the offering of Jesus himself to the Father.
  • Deacon – primary assistance; roles.
  • Assembly – offer self & life to God.
    • Unity of Body of Christ.
ministries for the laity
Ministries for the Laity
  • Altar Server – Assist priest & deacon
  • Lector – proclaim Word of God
  • Extraordinary minister of Holy Communion – distribute Eucharist
    • Why Extraordinary?
  • Other ministries
    • Psalmist, choir director/choir, musicians, sacristan, commentator, greeters, ushers.
  • Many parts, one body of Christ.