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Topics for Questions 6-10. Greeks and Romans Byzantine Empire Religion Mongols Ancient India Ancient China Ancient Africa The Crusades and Cultural Diffusion. Ancient Greeks City-States = Polis Athens and Sparta Athens = Golden Age/ Writers/Philosophers/Culture

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topics for questions 6 10
Topics for Questions 6-10
  • Greeks and Romans
  • Byzantine Empire
  • Religion
  • Mongols
  • Ancient India
  • Ancient China
  • Ancient Africa
  • The Crusades and Cultural Diffusion
ancient greece and rome
Ancient Greeks

City-States = Polis

Athens and Sparta

Athens = Golden Age/ Writers/Philosophers/Culture

Sparta = Warriors, Women’s Rights

Direct Democracy


Alexander the Great: (Hellenistic Culture = Greek + Egypt + Persia + India)

Ancient Romans


Elected officials


Laws = 12 Tables


Roads (Compare: Incas)

Aqueducts (Compare: Importance of Water)

PaxRomana – Peace of Rome

Golden Age

Ancient Greece and Rome
roman republic
Roman Republic

Representative Democracy

12 Tables = Printed Law

roman architecture
Roman Architecture

Aqueduct = Carry Water

Coliseum = Arches and Grandeur

review questions
Review Questions
  • How were Athens and Sparta Culturally different? Use some examples
  • List 5 things that prove Rome was advanced for the time period in which its people lived.
  • How did ordinary Roman citizens know what laws they needed to follow?
review questions1
Review Questions
  • What geographic areas of the world did Alexander the Great’s Hellenistic Culture draw it ideas from?
  • How were these areas added to the Eastern Roman empire?
byzantine empire
Byzantine Empire
  • Preserved Greek and Roman culture
  • Orthodox Christians (no worship of idols)
  • Stretched European culture into E. Europe and S. Russia
  • Justinian Code (COMPARE: 12 Tables)
review questions2
Review Questions
  • What cultures did the Byzantine Empire preserve after the fall of the Western Roman Empire (Italy) to the Huns and Goths?
  • How does an Eastern Orthodox Church avoid the creation of idols that might contain spirits?
  • Describe the similarity between the Roman 12 Tables and the Justinian Code
Polytheism- Many


Animism / Shintoism



Monotheism – One God

Judaism (Jews)

Christianity (Christians)

Islam (Muslims)


Hammurabi’s Code vs Golden Rule


4 Noble Truths

review questions3
Review Questions
  • Develop 2 questions for each Polytheistic Religion: Animism, Hinduism, and Buddhism
the mongols
The Mongols
  • Warrior tribe from north of China
  • “The Khans” – Genghis and Kubli Khan
  • United nearly all of Asia at one point
  • Kept Russia isolated from European influence
review questions4
Review Questions
  • How did the Mongols spread their empire?
  • What effect did the Mongolian invasion have on early Russian civilization?

3. What family name did the Rulers of the Mongols all carry?

ancient india
Ancient India
  • Mauryans and Gupta
  • Isolated by Himalayan Mountains
  • Religion = Hindu
  • River Valley = Indus Valley
review questions5
Review Questions
  • Explain why early Indian civilizations were so isolated
  • Describe how geography effected the lives of people in India
ancient china
Ancient China
  • Confucianism = “Fortune Cookie” Scholar
  • Filial Piety = 5 Relationships of Respect
  • Wife  Husband
  • Son  Father
  • Brother  Older Brother
  • People  Government
  • Young  Elderly
  • The Silk Road = Trade Route / Cultural Diffusion
  • Middle Kingdom = Chinese thought they were central and best culture in the world (ethnocentrism) COMPARE to British Imperialism in Africa (White Man’s Burden)


Filial Piety = Proper Respect of Parents, Intelligence, Elderly

review questions6
Review Questions
  • How is the concept of “Middle Kingdom” similar to “Ethnocentrism”
  • Use your knowledge of Filial Piety to describe why Chicks dig Mao
  • What was the impact of the Silk Road on Chinese culture
  • What neighboring country was heavily influenced by Chinese trade and culture?
ancient africa
Mali and Ghana

West African Empires

Gold and Salt Trade

Cultural Diffusion


West Africa

Cultural Center


Mansa Musa

Spread of Islam into N. and W. Africa along trade routes

Ancient Africa
review questions7
Review Questions
  • What is the historical significance of Mansa Musa?
  • What two trade items are most closely associated with Ghana and Mali?
the crusades
Christians in Europe attempt to spread Christianity back into the Middle East

Failure  Middle East is still Muslim today

Cultural Diffusion

Soldiers from Europe bring back Middle Eastern goods in between the several Crusades

The Crusades
review questions8
Review Questions
  • Describe how the Crusades caused Cultural Diffusion between the Middle East and Europe.
  • Explain how we can know for certain that the Crusades were a failure