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“In Pursuit of Unhappiness”. Spring 2014. Activity One. 1. List three things that bring people happiness. 2. Turn one of those into a complete sentence. EX: Happiness can be achieved by___________. Activity One Cont. 1. Move around the room and share your sentence with three other people.

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activity one
Activity One
  • 1. List three things that bring people happiness.
  • 2. Turn one of those into a complete sentence.
  • EX: Happiness can be achieved by___________.
activity one cont
Activity One Cont.
  • 1. Move around the room and share your sentence with three other people.
  • 2. Write down their idea and have them initial next to it.
  • 3. When finished return to your seat and prepare to share one idea you heard.
  • ______pointed out /noted/shared
  • EX: Luis pointed out that happiness is something that can be achieved by earning a lot of money.
slide4
Happiness SurveyRank the following items 1-161=Most important to happiness 16= No effect on happiness
  • Grades
  • Appearance
  • Athletics
  • Dream Fulfillment
  • Fame
  • Family
  • Friends
  • Games
  • Hobbies
  • Money
  • Movies and TV
  • Music
  • Partying
  • Popularity
  • Religion
  • Service Projects
slide5

Take a look at this survey. Young adults were asked to rank the following items effect on their happiness. 1=greatly affects happiness 16=no affect on happiness.

happiness quick write
Happiness Quick Write
  • What is happiness? What does it feel like physically? Describe the feeling, not what can create it.
  • “People can force their own happiness” Do you agree or disagree with this statement. Why or why not? Support with specific examples. ½ page
  • Switch papers with your partner. Read your partners quick write and write a response on their paper. At least 2-3 sentences. Agree/disagree/question/comment/suggest additional ideas.
  • I will select a few of you to share your joint responses.
surveying the text
Surveying the Text
  • Read and think about the title
  • Read the first two paragraphs
  • Answer in complete sentences
  • 1. What does the title tell you about Mc Mahon’s position on what makes a person happy?
  • 2. What do you think is the article’s purpose?
slide8
Predict- 1. What do you notice? 2. What words or ideas seem to be important? 3. What do you predict the next section will be about?
  • A. HAPPY New Year!" We seldom think of those words as an order. But in some respects that is what they are.
  • B. Doesn't every American want to be happy? And don't most Americans yearn, deep down, to be happy all of the time?
  • C. The right laid out in our nation's Declaration of Independence - to pursue happiness to our hearts' content - is nowhere on better display than in the rites of the holiday season. With glad tidings and good cheer, we seek to bring one year to its natural happy conclusion, while preparing to usher in a happy new year and many happy returns
predict cont
Predict Cont.
  • D. So in these last days of 2005 I say to you, "Don't have a happy new year!" Have dinner with your family or walk in the park with friends. If you're so inclined, put in some good hours at the office or at your favorite charity, temple or church. Work on your jump shot or your child's model trains. With luck, you'll find happiness by the by. If not, your time won't be wasted. You may even bring a little joy to the world.
pre reading questions with group
Pre-Reading Questions with Group
  • 1. What do you think Mc Mahon will have to say about the American Goal to be happy?
  • 2. Why do you think the author spent so many lines introducing the American goal of happiness and then titled the piece “In Pursuit of Unhappiness”?
  • 3. Complete a preliminary SOAPSTone. Leave space in between each letter as we will be adding to this later.
soapstone stems
SOAPSTONE STEMS
  • S: The article is mainly about_________
  • O: The events which led up to this piece include____
  • A: From the words ______ and _________ it can be assumed that the author’s intended audinece is_____.
  • P: The main purpose of this article is to__________
  • S: From the words_______ and ___________ it can be assumed the author is_______.
  • T: In the introductory paragraphs the author’s attitude is __.
first reading
First Reading
  • Reading with the grain– Were on the author’s side.
  • Listen as I read the article out loud.
  • Highlight any words that you are unfamiliar.
  • Take any notes on my comments.
annotate use a green highlighter
Annotate- use a green highlighter
  • Annotate the text by highlighting and labeling:
  • Figurative Language (a simile)
  • Diction (unusual and effective words)
  • Confusing parts
  • Synonyms for happiness
annotations
Annotations
  • 1. Use a yellow highlighter to mark Thomas Carlyle’s quotes. Explain how these quotes support McMahon’s argument.
  • 2. Second Highlighting: Use a pink highlighter to mark John Stuart Mills’ quotes. Explain how these quotes support McMahon’s argument.
chunking
Chunking
  • Draw a line after ¶2, ¶5, ¶8, ¶10, and ¶12.
  • Reread the article silently, and after each chunk write a:
  • A. Summary Sentence
  • B. A Genuine Question
  • ** So you must have 12 sentences total to receive credit.
quickwrite
Quickwrite
  • In what ways are Thomas Carlyle and John Stuart Mill similar in their thinking about happiness? In what ways are they different? What facet of the argument does Carlyle serve? What does the Mills quote provide to McMahon’s argument?
  • After you complete the quickwrite, go back to your chunking statements and see if you can add to them in order to reflect how the author uses the voices of these two men to further his own argument.
looking closely at language
Looking Closely at language
  • Look at the Calvin and Hobbs cartoon and discuss why the comic is funny. Why does what Calvin says make the reader smile?
looking closely at language1
Looking Closely at Language
  • In order to discuss the varying degrees of happiness you will rank the following words on a scale of 1 to 6, with 6 being the state of most happiness.
  • a. Contentment
  • b. pleasure
  • c. euphoria
  • d. joy
  • e. happiness
  • f. bliss
  • g. satisfaction
understanding connotations
Understanding Connotations
  • What feelings does each of the following words or phrases from “In Pursuit of Unhappiness” create in you? What images or situations do you associate with each word or phrase? The first has been done for you.
  • 1. yearn – craving that cannot be satisfied
  • 2. unadulterated –
  • 3. bliss –
  • 4. stagnancy –
  • 5. steeped –
  • 6. relentless –
  • 7. preoccupation –
stylistic choices
Stylistic Choices
  • This particular line of questioning is offered to help you see that the linguistic choices writers make create certain effects for their readers.
  • These questions are divided into three categories: words, sentences, and paragraphs. Please answer the following questions:
  • Words
  • 1. What does the word paradox mean to you?
  • 2. What synonyms for happy does the author use in this essay?
  • 3. What synonyms for unhappy does the author use in this essay?
  • 4. Does the author make more mention of happiness or unhappiness in this essay? Why do you think so?
sentences
Sentences
  • The author makes a handful of statements that are surprising. The title “In Pursuit of Unhappiness” is an example of that.
  • 1. Why does the author use this contradictory statement as his title?
  • 2. What is the effect on the reader of that contradiction? The author states, “But before we take such steps, we might do well to reflect on the darker side of holiday cheer: those mysterious blues that are apt to set in while the streamers stream and the corks pop; the little voice that even in the best of souls is sometimes moved to say, ‘Bah, humbug.’”
  • 3. What is the effect on the reader of the imagery that author uses in those lines?
paragraphs
Paragraphs
  • In the introductory paragraphs, the author uses a distinct tone of voice. He states the following: ‘HAPPY New Year!’ We seldom think of those words as an order. But in some respects that is what they are.”
  • Doesn’t every American want to be happy? And don’t most Americans yearn, deep down, to be happy all of the time? The right is laid out in our nation’s Declaration of Independence – to pursue happiness to our hearts’ content – is nowhere on better display than in the rites of the holiday season. With glad tidings and good cheer, we seek to bring one year to its natural happy conclusion, while preparing to usher in a happy new year and many happy returns.
  • 1. Why did the author choose to write the first word in capital letters? And how many times is that word repeated throughout the introduction? What is the effect of that repetition?
  • 2. Why did the author choose to open the second paragraph with two rhetorical questions?
  • 3. What is McMahon trying to do in writing this way? Throughout the essay McMahon frequently uses words that signal a switch in thinking, such as “That shift was monumental, and its implications far reaching. Among other things, it was behind the transformation of the holiday season from a time of pious remembrance into one of unadulterated bliss.” He also uses words such as but, yet, and despite regularly throughout the text.
  • 4. What is the effect of these frequent switches?
  • Wrap up: Pick one of the passages above, and explain what the author might mean by it. Include the word paradox in your response.
homework
Homework
  • Bring the following information outlined on a notecard to our next class meeting:

1. Determine McMahon’s central claim and paraphrase it clearly.

2. Discuss the ways in which you agree or disagree with his claim.

3. Support your position with 3 reasons and examples: one from your own observation and experience and two quotations or paraphrases from the article.