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Human Rights

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Human Rights - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Human Rights

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  1. Human Rights

  2. Human Rights • Brief History • Defining HR • Drawing Attention

  3. Brief History

  4. Brief History • Philosophy of raison d'état • ‘Divine right of kings' • Age of the Enlightenment • WWII • Genocide • War Crime Tribunals • Nuremberg • Tokyo At Trial: Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Hans Frank, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Frick

  5. Defining Human Rights

  6. Defining Human Rights • Establishment of the United Nations • The UN Universal Declaration on Human Rights • “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.” Art. 3 • Protection • Cultural differences • West—Individual rights • East—Collective rights • Ability to protect • Money, institutions, ability to enforce

  7. Drawing Attention Pressure & Publicity

  8. Drawing Attention IGOs • UN Agencies ● WHO –health ● UNICEF- children ● UNHCR – refugees ● WFP- hunger ● ICC- state crimes • IMF • Rights reforms as loan condition  • World Bank Thomas Lubanga, Congolese warlord

  9. Drawing Attention Human Rights Watch List Arms »US: Follow Up Rebuke to Syria on Landmines» Apr 4, 2012 Business »Bahrain: Grand Prix Decision Ignores Abuses» Apr 14, 2012 Children's Rights »DR Congo: Arrest BoscoNtaganda for ICC Trial» Apr 13, 2012 Health »Putting Women on the Agenda in Cartagena» Apr 13, 2012 Int’l Justice »DR Congo: Arrest BoscoNtaganda for ICC Trial» Apr 13, 2012 LGBT Rights »Hungary: Revoke Denial of Pride March Route» Apr 11, 2012 Press Freedom »Tunisia: Seven Years in Jail for Mocking Islam» Apr 6, 2012 Refugees »Netherlands: Joint NGO Letter to Minister Leers» Apr 2, 2012 Women's Rights »Asia/Middle East: Increase Protections for Migrant Workers» Apr 15, 2012 • IGOs • NGOs • Amnesty International • Human Rights Watch • Freedom House

  10. Drawing Attention • IGOs • NGOs • The Media • Print journalism • Radio • Radio Free Europe, Radio Marti • Television • Vietnam as ‘living room war’ • Internet • Zapatista movement in Chiapas, Mexico

  11. Drawing Attention • IGOs • NGOs • The Media • Prominent Individuals • Political Figures- Jimmy Carter, Kofi Annan • Entertainers- Bono, Angelina Jolie, George Clooney • Political Activists- Nelson Mandela, Aung San SuuKyi, Ai Weiwei

  12. Drawing Attention British Embassy in Damascus 'suspended' • IGOs • NGOs • The Media • Prominent Individuals • States: Foreign Policy • Political ties • Diplomats, Embassies • Economic ties • Sanctions

  13. Recap

  14. Human Rights • Brief History • Defining HR • Drawing Attention