starter activity Why was this plaque, designed by Josiah Wedgwood, so successful in helping to abolish slavery by British traders?
Key words: abolition petition Why was slavery abolished? LOs To identify at least 5 different methods used to abolish slavery To evaluate which was the most successful TBAT explain positive & negative outcomes of abolition
Your task • Read about the different methods used by abolitionists to abolish slavery. Make a list of them in your notes. • Decide which were the most effective and rank them • Write a judgement paragraph explaining which you think would have been most successful? Extension. What methods do people use today to achieve changes in government policies?
How did campaigners end the slave trade? • Meetings • Books (e.g. Olaudah Equiano) • Petitions • Posters • Cartoons • Poems • Letters to newspapers Why was Olaudah Equiano one of the one successful abolitionist campaigners?
Your task • Read p. 120-1 in ‘Collins KS3 History’. • Who was William Wilberforce? What steps did he take to end slavery? • When was slavery finally abolished? • Make a list of winners & losers from the slave trade • Extension. Write a judgement on who won or lost overall with the abolition of slavery
William Wilberforce Wilberforce • Anti-slavery campaigner, MP, committed Christian • Became an MP • Made speeches against slavery • Used his connections with powerful politicians • Introduced bills in parliament Charles Fox
When did slavery eventually end? • 1807, illegal to for British traders to buy or sell humans • Slaves continued to work in plantations • 1833, slavery completely abolished • Other nations followed, e.g. America William Wilberforce, one of the strongest campaigners for the abolition of slavery. Why was he so successful in raising public awareness of the horrors of the slave trade?
Winners Slave owners compensated, e.g. Bishop of Exeter received £12,700 Abolitionists won their fight By 1840s most slaves freed Losers Only slaves under 6 yrs freed in 1833 Former slaves lost homes & employment Former slaves poorly prepared for life in free world Economy of West Indies went into decline Who won on balance?
Homework You are going to take part in a debate about the abolition of slavery. You will be given role cards indicating whether you think the trade should be abolished or continued. You will have to suspend your natural, modern opinions and put yourselves into the shoes of actual C19th people! A speaker will decide who should speak and which side made the most effective points. Consider the following: What position your character would have on the debate Why your character would want slavery to be abolished or continue Ways of undermining your opponents arguments Examples from your knowledge that support your views Rhetorical language that will make your point effectively
Extension • Conduct some research into the life of Wilberforce. Find out why he became such an avid campaigner against slavery and what his connection with Sandgate was?
Your task • Imagine you have been asked by the abolitionists to give a speech in Parliament to support the banning of the slave trade. Write a speech, (1 side A4 minimum) including some or all of the following points • Explain what happens during each stage of the Triangular Trade • Tell us about living conditions on slave ships and on plantations • Point out the methods of campaigning used by abolitionists like OlaudahEquiano & William Wilberforce • Sum up why the slave trade must finish • Finish with a powerful and memorable concluding statement (e.g. like the quote from Wedgwood’s plaque)
Plenary • Define abolitionist • Five methods used by abolitionists to end slavery • How did Wilberforce help? • Winners & losers? • Extension. How important was Wilberforce in ending slavery?