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The Ancient Middle East. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. 6. The Persian Empire. The Persian Empire. Cyrus the Great. A tolerant ruler  he a llowed different cultures within his empire to keep their own institutions. The Greeks called him a “Law-Giver.”

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slide1

The Ancient

Middle East

Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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6. The

Persian

Empire

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Cyrus the Great

  • A tolerant ruler  he allowed different cultures within his empire to keep their own institutions.
  • The Greeks called him a “Law-Giver.”
  • The Jews called him “the anointed of the Lord.” (In 537, he allowed over 40,000 to return to Palestine).

580 – 529 B. C. E.

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Darius the Great(526 – 485 B. C. E.)

  • Built Persepolis.
  • He extended the Persian Empire to the Indus River in northern India. (2 mil. s.q. mi.)
  • Built a canal in Egypt.
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Darius the Great(526 – 485 B. C. E.)

  • Established a tax-collecting system.
  • Divided the empire into districts called SATRAPIES.
  • Built the great Royal Road system.
  • Established a complex postal system.
  • Created a network of spies called “the King’s eyes and ears.”
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Dualistic Battle of Good vs. Evil

Ahura Mazda“Holy Spirit”

Ahriman“Destructive Spirit”

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Zend-Avesta(The “Book of Law”)

The “Sacred Fire”  the force to fight evil.