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The Early 20th Century Expressionism - Ger. Hyperexpressive harmony Wide leaps in melody Instruments in extreme registers Schönberg, berg, Webern Neoclassicism Rid of program references - absolute music Craftsmanship and balance - classical forms Stravinsky, Prokofiev

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the early 20th century
The Early 20th Century
  • Expressionism - Ger.
    • Hyperexpressive harmony
    • Wide leaps in melody
    • Instruments in extreme registers
    • Schönberg, berg, Webern
  • Neoclassicism
    • Rid of program references - absolute music
    • Craftsmanship and balance - classical forms
    • Stravinsky, Prokofiev
new elements of style
New Elements of Style
  • Rhythmic complexity - polyrhythms
    • Revitalization of rhythm
    • Physical power and drive
  • Melody - not conceived vocally
  • Not always primary element
  • Poltonality, polychords, polyharmony
  • Atonality
  • Serialism
    • 12 equal tones
new elements of style cont
New Elements of Style (cont.)
  • Texture - more linear - as opposed to lush harmony of 19th century
  • Instruments - more sparse
    • Strings no longer central
    • Emphasis on rhythm - percussion more prominent
  • Form - valued form above expression
    • Purity of line and proportion
igor stravinsky 1882 1971
Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971)
  • Report on Stravinsky by Ben Titus
stravinsky petrushka first tableau excerpt
Stravinsky - Petrushka, First Tableau (excerpt)
  • Puppet comes to life
  • Inspiration from folk tunes
  • Irregular meters and polyrhythms
  • Percussive harmony
  • Polyharmony - Petrushka chord (C + F#)
  • Genre - ballet
  • Vivace - rondo form (A B A C A B A)
second viennese school
Second Viennese School
  • Schönberg, Berg, Webern
  • Expressionism
arnold sch nberg 1874 1951
Arnold Schönberg (1874-1951)
  • Report on Schönberg by Katie Thomas
  • Post Wagnerian Romanticism
    • Transfigured Night
  • Atonal expressionism
    • Pierrot lunaire
  • Twelve tone
    • Variations for Orchestra, Opus 31
  • 12T with tonal implications
    • A Survivor from Warsaw
sch nberg pierrot lunaire
Schönberg - Pierrot lunaire
  • Sprechstimme
  • German translation of poems by Giraud
    • 21 poems - 3 groups of 7
    • All in rondeau form
  • Song cycle
  • Sop/speaker and chamber ensemble (5)
  • Der Mondfleck
    • White spot - flickering effects in inst.