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Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Agriculture

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Sustainable Agriculture

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  1. Sustainable Agriculture Sustainable Agriculture

  2. Impacts of Sprawl • -NRI 87-92 vs. 92-97 • Conversions up from • 1.2 Million Acres per year to • 2.2 Million Acres per year Sustainable Agriculture

  3. National Map Sustainable Agriculture

  4. Conversions • American Converted 6,000,000 Acres from 92-97 • (=~12Alabama Counties) • Conversions are a one time crop Sustainable Agriculture

  5. Alabama Map Sustainable Agriculture

  6. Alabama’s Standing • State ranks 13th in total conversions • 87-92 130,000 Acres (26K/yr) • 92-97 315,000 Acres (63K/yr) • State ranks 10th in Prime Farmland losses to development Sustainable Agriculture

  7. Top 20 Sustainable Agriculture

  8. Growth Factors • Population Growth & Migration • 0.96% population growth • Cheaper Land • Transportation Corridor Development • Spreading Infrastructure • Larger Lots • 2% / yr lot size Sustainable Agriculture

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  15. Lot Size • 1950’s • Average < 1.0 acre / home site • 1997 • Average > 1.8 acres / home site Sustainable Agriculture

  16. Other Factors • Absentee Ownership • Farm Revenue decreases • Off farm employment • Cheaper imports Sustainable Agriculture

  17. Cost of Community Services Sustainable Agriculture

  18. Hidden Costs • Emergency response time increases • Fire response time increases • Insurance (ISO) ratings decrease • School bus route time increases • (Police response time decreased) Sustainable Agriculture

  19. Other Considerations • Smell • Dust • Slow vehicles • Chemicals Sustainable Agriculture

  20. Environmental Impacts • Farmland / Open land • Storm water sponge • Heat Island sink • Air Quality buffer • All of these factors will have to be mitigated upon conversion Sustainable Agriculture

  21. Food Production Sustainable Agriculture

  22. Opportunity Lost • Eco Tourism • Heritage Trails • MicroFarm Enterprises • Anything other than Impervious Surfaces Sustainable Agriculture

  23. Help? • Land Trusts • Up from 1 in the ’90’s to 7 in ’02 • Farmland Protection Program • $900,000 • Forever Wild • The Nature Conservancy Sustainable Agriculture

  24. Options • Brownfield redevelopment • Greyfield redevelopment • Tax breaks • Mitigation Banks Sustainable Agriculture

  25. Sloss Phytoremediation Sustainable Agriculture

  26. Paul Kennedy USDA-NRCS 205.251-8139 x135 Paulk@cawaco.org www.cawaco.org