SPECIAL EDUCATION PORTFOLIO Meghan Mulligan Part One: Overview of Special Education The History of Special Education Laws and Lawsuits Pre-Referral intervention Initial assessment and verification process Least restrictive environment and the continuum of services Inclusion
The History of Special Education
Laws and Lawsuits
Initial assessment and verification process
Least restrictive environment and the continuum of services
Part Two:Special needs
Attention Deficit & Hyperactivity Disorder
Emotional & Behavioral Disorders
Autism & Aspergers Syndrome
Part Three:My Action Plan
Part Four:Looking back at my semester
Table of Contents
Institutions: Children were put into asylums
History of Special Education
PUBLIC LAW 94-142 : the Education of the Handicapped Act
"...insure that all handicapped children have a free and appropriate public education which includes special education and related services to meet their unique needs."
"...insure that the rights of handicapped children and their parents are protected.“
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973
-In admissions to institutions of higher education.
-In the provision of health, welfare, and other social services.
-It also entitles school-aged children with disabilities to a free, appropriate public education
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Pre-referral intervention: modification of the general education program designed to promote a students success in the regular classroom and prevent referral for services such as SPED.
-Before a child can be referred for assessment for special education a pre-referral checklist must be completed. Some example of steps needing to be handled are:
-Meeting with student and parents either together or separately to find possible solutions and discuss concerns.
-Establish that student has passed or been referred to a hearing and vision test.
-Identify in writing the students specific education problem.
-Obtain or develop instructional learning aids to address the students problem.
After the pre-referral team meets, an assessment team reviews the data from the pre-referral, and the referral for special education. Together the team members design an assessment plan. The plan is then provided to the parents and is then is review. Once the parents give permission the assessment of the child takes place. The assessment team then summarizes their results and conducts a meeting with the child’s parents to determine their eligibility for special education.
Revise as needed
Assess Special Needs
Communication and Coordination with Other Professionals and Parents
Plan Education Program
Implement Education Program
Evaluate Educational Program
Special Education Process
Placement in the Least Restrictive Environment
The term most often used today to describe the placement of students with special needs in general education. Inclusion is a more modern term for mainstreaming but unfortunately the meaning is imprecise. Inclusion is also seen as the meaningful participation of students with disabilities and other special needs in general education classrooms and programs.
Many of the websites we looked over in class provide a lot of information I can learn from. I will better understand such topics as People First Language, Laws and Lawsuits, and people living with disabilities if I utilize these sites and look deeper into topics I am presented with. Some good websites that help me in gathering information for this semester are:
NICHCY stands for the National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities.
We serve the nation as a central source of information on:
-disabilities in infants, toddlers, children, and youth,
-IDEA, which is the law authorizing special education,
-No Child Left Behind (as it relates to children with disabilities), and
-research-based information on effective educational practices.
Education Resources on the Internet (SERI) is a collection of Internet accessible information resources of interest to those involved in the fields related to Special Education. This collection exists in order to make on-line Special Education resources more easily and readily available in one location.
The PACER Center: Parent Advocacy Coalition for Educational Rights
The mission of PACER Center is to expand opportunities and enhance the quality of life of children and young adults with disabilities and their families, based on the concept of parents helping parents.
Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity disorder
Arranged into groups physical disabilities caused by traumatic brain injury, orthopedic needs, and other health impairments.
*History timeline for agenda points was emailed earlier in the semester.