pos 316 416 latin american politics 11 06 2006
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POS 316/416 Latin American Politics – 11/06/2006

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POS 316/416 Latin American Politics – 11/06/2006 Course status. Midterm Exam: returned last week, make sure you have received exam. Questions? Paper Assignment 2. Due, both hard copy in class and e-copy w/n 24 hours. Paper Assignment 3. Distributed next week, due 11/27.

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pos 316 416 latin american politics 11 06 2006
POS 316/416 Latin American Politics – 11/06/2006
  • Course status.
    • Midterm Exam: returned last week, make sure you have received exam.
    • Questions?
    • Paper Assignment 2.
      • Due, both hard copy in class and e-copy w/n 24 hours.
    • Paper Assignment 3.
      • Distributed next week, due 11/27.
  • Lecture/discussion.
    • Elections 2006.
    • Oaxaca 2006 – Limits of Democracy.
      • Mexican government seizes control of Oaxaca.
      • Up to 7 demonstrators killed.
      • Including one American journalist.
    • Presentations (Human trafficking – Human Rights NGOs Chile.
    • US Influence/Counter-narcotics/Counter-Terror and Militarization.
      • Addicted to Failure?: State failure, rebellion, and narcotics.
        • Video: FARC, Colombia.
slide2
Elections 2006.
    • Latin America.
      • Washington Post.
        • Election Map.
          • Ecuador 11/26/06; Venezuela 12/?/2006.
    • Nicaragua.
      • Washington Post.
        • Ortega in the lead.
        • Look at Latin American Leftist leaders.
      • BBC - Polls predict Ortega win.
      • CNN – Ortega headed for win.
    • Oaxaca, Mexico.
      • BBC – Rally against governor of Oaxaca.
      • CNN – Bombing in DF – Police Evacuate Oaxaca.
vanden and prevost chap 10 1
Vanden and Prevost, Chap. 10 - 1
  • Latin American Revolutions.
    • Marxism – theoretical inspiration for many revolutionary movements.
    • Marxism, Leninism appealing to Latin American (and other revolutionaries).
      • Utopian ideology.
      • Resonant class analysis of limits of reform of capitalist oligarchy.
      • Lenin and subsequent Marxian critiques of imperialism, and hope that it was “highest stage of capitalism.”
      • Unfortunately – for Marxists – imperialism superseded by neo-liberalism/globalization.
    • Latin American adoption and “revisions” of Marxism.
      • Influence begins with first international.
      • Marxism, anarchism, socialism, compete for revolutionary allegiances.
      • European immigration = diffusion of ideology in 1890s.
      • Mexican Revolution – left ideologies competed for seizing of revolutionary imagination.
      • Soviet Revolution – initial inspiration, COMINTERN activities.
      • Peruvian Marxism – Maríategui (attempted independent path).
vanden and prevost chap 10 2
Vanden and Prevost, Chap. 10 - 2
  • Latin American Revolutions.
    • Latin American adoption and “revisions” of Marxism (continued).
      • Soviet domination of COMINTERN and penetration and direction of Latin American communist parties may have stunted development of Latin American national Marxism.
      • Played role in “revolutionary moments” and labor organization in Argentina, 1932 uprising in El Salvador, Chile 1933.
      • Soviet influence may have created a non-revolutionary Marxism resting on urban labor.
      • Cuban Revolution worker-peasant-insurgent alliance.
      • Post-Cuban Revolution.
        • Ché Guevara and Regis Debray inspire urban guerilla and peasant worker guerrilla movements (foco theory).
        • Movements ultimately not successful.
        • Influence of Maoist success and revisions to Marxism-Leninism.
      • Nicaragua.
        • Successful united front with Marxian influences.
        • Hybrid of Sandino, Maríategui, Gramsci.
        • 1979 to 1990, then revolutionary exhaustion, contra war.
vanden and prevost chap 10 3
Vanden and Prevost, Chap. 10 - 3
  • Latin American Revolutions.
    • El Salvador.
      • FMLN (front umbrella organization).
      • Conducted guerrilla insurgency 1970s and 1980s.
      • Massive US intervention (discussed next week).
      • La Matanza 1932. Aggressive, incredibly brutal counterinsurgency.
      • FMLN insurrection in January 1981.
        • Initiates 10 year civil war.
        • Counterinsurgency has major support from United States.
        • Designed to prevent another domino from falling.
        • Aggressive “rollback” in Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Grenada (discussed in more detail next week).
      • 1990-1 – Peace process (roughly simultaneous with Nicaragua – timing not coincidental – Soviet Empire breaks up).
      • FMLN converts in political party.
    • On going insurgencies.
      • Peru, Colombia, Mexico (protracted peace process and very low level counterinsurgency).
    • Left-Reformist, Center Left Governments: Chavez, Lula.
smith chap 10 1
Smith, Chap. 10 - 1
  • “Illeberal Democracy.”
    • Dictaduras vs. Dictablandas.
    • Killing of jounalists.
    • Fujimori’s “infotatorship”.
    • Killing of in Oaxaca.
    • Antidefamation laws.
    • Uneven rule of law.
    • Special courts.
    • Prison abuse.
  • Changing context.
    • Freedom House ratings/civil liberties “checklist.”
    • Striking findings, electoral democracies with “partial protection” for civil liberties (p. 280).
    • Table 10.4.
slide9
US Influence: Global and Regional (Latin American) Patterns in Narcotics Trafficking.
    • UN.
      • Office on Drugs and Crime.
      • 2006 World Drug Report.
    • OAS
      • Inter American Drug Abuse Control Commission.
    • United States.
      • DEA.
        • “Narco-Terrorism” Website.
      • Department of State.
        • Plan Colombia.
      • Dept. of Treasury
        • FINCEN.
      • Political Instability Task Force/State Failure Project.
        • Phase 5 Reports.
slide12
Next Week (11/13/2006).
    • Paper assignment 2 returned via e-mail.
    • Paper assignment 3 distributed, not due until Nov. 27.
    • Come to class having done assigned readings.
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