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Planting your rain garden Choices, choices ! Low to high density Groomed to natural Theme gardens Butterfly garden Evergreen garden Native plants Cool colors Warm colors Limited only by your imagination! Your rain garden will be… Very wet sometimes… Your rain garden will be…

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Presentation Transcript
theme gardens
Theme gardens
  • Butterfly garden
  • Evergreen garden
  • Native plants
  • Cool colors
  • Warm colors
  • Limited only by your imagination!
your rain garden will be
Your rain garden will be…

Very wet sometimes…

your rain garden will be7
Your rain garden will be…

Very dry sometimes…

native species
Native Species!!
  • Accustomed to the climate
  • Low maintenance!
  • Beautiful selections
choosing plants
Choosing Plants
  • Tolerant of moisture and drought
  • Adapted to site conditions
  • Moisture levels within rain garden vary depending on location
river birch betula nigra
50’ x 50’

Excellent Specimen

Single or multi-stemmed

Papery bark

‘Heritage’, ‘Duraheat’

Grows fast, tolerate very wet to average conditions

River BirchBetula nigra
redbud
Redbud
  • Cercis canadensis
  • Blooms early spring, deciduous
  • Lives ~ 20 yrs.
  • Sun, well drained soil
  • Fuller in sun
redbud12
Redbud

‘Forest Pansy’

‘Royal White’

fringetree
Fringetree
  • Chionanthus virginicus
  • To 20’ x 20’
  • Sun – lt. shade
  • Moist soil
  • Late season leaf spot
  • Blue fruit on female trees
shrubs and small trees
Shrubs and small trees

Red maple

Elderberry

Strawberry bush

southern wax myrtle myrica cerifera
Southern Wax MyrtleMyrica cerifera
  • 10’-15’ x 10’-15’
  • Berries are valuable to birds (female plants)
  • Large screen, pruned hedge,
  • Dwarf forms exist
  • Often multi-stemmed tree
  • Exceptionally tough
sweet pepperbush clethra alnifolia
Sweet PepperbushClethra alnifolia
  • Native, deciduous shrub
  • Sun – part shade
  • Well drained or moist soil
  • Cultivars:
    • ‘Hummingbird’, ‘16 Candles’
      • dwarf white, 3’ x 6’
    • ‘Ruby Spice’
      • upright pink, 8’ x 5’
  • Blooms in June-July, exceptional fragrance
  • Yellow fall color
sweet pepperbush
Sweet Pepperbush

‘Ruby Spice’

‘Sixteen Candles’

virginia sweetspire itea virginica
Virginia SweetspireItea virginica
  • Deciduous shrub
  • Sun to part shade
  • Wet to dry soil
  • Cultivars:
    • ‘Henry’s Garnet’
      • 4’-6’ x 4’-6’
    • ‘Little Henry’, ‘Merlot’
      • dwarf - 3’ x 3’
  • Flowers in June
  • Burgundy autumn color holds till Dec.
  • Very moisture tolerant
beautyberry callicarpa americana
6’ x 6’

Cut back to 1’ every year in Feb/March

Bright purple berries in autumn - loved by birds

Very Fast Grower

BeautyberryCallicarpa americana
asclepias species
Asclepias species
  • Butterflyweed
    • Asclepias tuberosa
    • 2’ – 3’ tall and wide
    • Blooms in spring/early summer, orange
    • Sun to light shade
    • Drought tolerant, good drainage
  • Swamp milkweed
    • Asclepias incarnata
    • 3’ tall and wide
    • Spring/early summer flowers, pink or white
    • Sun to part shade
    • Moisture tolerant
orange coneflower rudbeckia fulgida
Orange ConeflowerRudbeckia fulgida
  • Tough spreading perennial
  • Yellow flowers all summer, 3’ tall
  • Sun, moist to average soil
  • Low mat of semi-evergreen foliage in winter
  • Leave seed heads in winter for birds
panic grass
Panic Grass
  • Panicum virgatum
  • ‘Shenandoah’
    • 3’ x 2’, burgundy
  • ‘Northwind’
    • 4’ x 2’, upright
  • Moist or dry soils
  • Sun to light shade

‘Shenandoah’

‘Northwind’

joe pye weed
Joe Pye Weed
  • Eupatorium fistulosum, E. dubium
  • Large spreading perennial
  • Moist soil, sun
  • Rose-mauve flowers in late summer
  • 6’-8’ in flower
  • Excellent nectar source
goldenrod
Goldenrod
  • Many species
  • Solidago rugosa
  • ‘Fireworks’
  • Late summer – fall flowers
  • Moist to average, sun
rose mallow
Rose Mallow
  • Hibiscus moscheutos
  • Extremely sturdy, clumping perennial
  • 4’-6’ tall and wide
  • Wet to moist soil, sun
  • Pink or white flowers in summer
  • Dies back completely in winter
cardinal flower
Cardinal Flower
  • Lobelia cardinalis
  • Sun – pt. shade
  • Wet to avg. soil
  • Flowers lt. summer, fall, 3’-4’ tall in flower
  • Short lived soil, self seeds
  • Do not mulch over crown in winter
  • Hummingbirds, butterflies
diversity
Diversity
  • Great habitat
  • Reduces pest impact
  • Long flowering season
right plants in the right place
Right plants in the right place

Oval Rain Garden

1

5

6

4

2

3

wetness zones
Wetness zones

Dry Average Wet

Redbud Muhly Grass Butterflyweed Orange Coneflower

Fringetree Orange Coneflower Blue Star False Indigo

Washington Hawthorn Possumhaw River Birch

Swamp Milkweed Turtlehead River Oats

laying out your garden
Laying out your garden

Formal grid…

or freestyle…

good planting technique
Good planting technique
  • Water plants while in the container
  • Keep shaded until planting
good planting technique36
Good planting technique
  • Dig a hole at least twice as wide as root ball or container
  • Rough up the sides of the hole
good planting technique37
Good planting technique
  • Be kind to roots…
  • Gently remove plant

from container

good planting technique38
Good planting technique
  • Place root collar level with soil
  • Backfill loose soil with no air pockets
  • Tamp down firmly
mulching
Mulching
  • Removes pollution
  • Retains moisture
  • Prevents erosion
mulching40
Mulching
  • Mulch 2-4 inches
  • Use dense mulch
  • Replace periodically
do i need to water
Do I need to water?
  • After planting, yes!
  • First season, yes!
  • In droughts, yes!
  • In rain, no!