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PENCIL SKETCHING Presentation by Dennis L. Law, ASLA Professor and Dean College of Architecture, Planning and Design Kansas State University Conte Crayon sketch by Dennis Law PENCIL SKETCHING Equipment Technique Composition Examples Pencil sketch by Dennis Law PENCIL SKETCHING

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PENCIL SKETCHING

Presentation

by

Dennis L. Law, ASLA

Professor and Dean

College of Architecture, Planning and Design

Kansas State University

Conte Crayon sketch by Dennis Law


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PENCIL SKETCHING

  • Equipment

  • Technique

  • Composition

  • Examples

Pencil sketch by Dennis Law


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PENCIL SKETCHING

  • Equipment

    • Pencils

    • Sharpening

    • Paper

    • Stump

    • Erasers

Pencil sketch by Dennis Law


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Equipment

  • Pencils

    • Hardness/softness

      • Hard: 2H, H, & HB

      • Soft: B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, & 6B

    • Tone varies with paper, atmosphere, brand & subject.


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Equipment

  • Sharpening the Pencil

    • Never use a point, but rather use a wedge.

    • Fuzzy wines are the best wines

Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law


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Equipment

  • Paper

    • Aquabee Drawing 812 and Strathmore Alexis - rough and gives grained appearance to middle to light tones

Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law


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Equipment

  • Paper

    • Aquabee Satin Finish - smooth - surfaced paper for great tones.

    • Video - Expensive but the best

Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law


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Equipment

  • Stump

    • Use very seldom

    • Will be demonstrated in class


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Equipment

  • Erasers

    • Prefer kneaded eraser

    • A drawing that needs a lot of correction by eraser is not going to be successful.


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PENCIL SKETCHING

  • Technique

    • Preventing smudges

    • Portrait versus Landscape

    • Hard to soft

    • Drawing smaller than you see

    • Draw only shadows

    • Composition

Pencil sketch by Dennis Law


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TECHNIQUE

  • Preventing Smudges

    • Build a Bridge

    • Start by laying out drawing with harder leads

    • Start upper left-hand corner (right-handed people

    • Upper right if left-handed

Pencil sketch by Dennis Law


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TECHNIQUE

  • Portrait versus Landscape

    • Understand principles of composition

    • Portrait is for vertical subjects

    • Landscape is for horizontal subjects

Sketch by Dennis Law


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TECHNIQUE

  • Pointers

    • Start with hard leads and move to softer as drawing develops

    • Use no more than 3 leads weights

    • Draw smaller than you see

    • Draw only shadows and let white of the paper work

    • Leave white around the drawing for composition


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PENCIL SKETCHING

  • Examples

    • Materials

    • Openings

    • Windows

    • Roof

    • Shadows

    • Plant materials

    • Water

Sketch by Dennis Law


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COMPOSITION

  • Examples

    • Materials

    • Openings

    • Windows

    • Roof

    • Shadows

    • Plant materials

    • Water

Sketch by Dennis Law


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EXAMPLES

  • Wood Boards:

    • First, lay in the black tones with soft lead

    • Keep strokes broad and firm. Bear down

    • Sharp strokes to suggest shadows on edge of board

    • A few diagonal strokes to relieve monotony of vertical boards


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EXAMPLES

  • Openings:

    • Break up dark area with pencil strokes that have a variety of direction and value

    • Leave some touches of clear white paper between some of the strokes


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EXAMPLES

  • Windows:

    • Always variation in reflected light on windows

    • Windows are generally black

    • Vary darkness between panes

    • Leave areas of white


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EXAMPLES

  • Roofs:

    • First lay in tones

    • Horizontal lines are predominate

    • Lighten some shingles by erasing with kneaded eraser

    • Darken lower edges to simulate shadows


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EXAMPLES

  • Shadows:

    • Do not draw a line to show outlines of shadows

    • Shadow darkest at edge of light

    • Shadows are darker than shaded areas

    • Undulate shadows to give depth where appropriate


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EXAMPLES

  • Plant Materials:

    • Grasses

      • Start with gray lines which represent blades

      • Darken in the shadows at the bottom of the blades

      • Put in seed heads as demonstrated

      • Use sharp lines to cast shadow edge


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EXAMPLES

  • Plant Materials:

    • Deciduous Trees

      • Lightly (very) draw in basic geometric form

      • Subdivide into leaf masses

      • Cast shadows

      • Draw in truck and major branches (white against shadows, black against sky)

      • Tie to the ground


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EXAMPLES

  • Plant Materials:

    • Coniferous Trees

      • Begin with light vertical trunk

      • Lightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom

      • Draw needles and shadows

      • Fill in truck

      • Tie to the ground


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EXAMPLES

  • Plant Materials:

    • Specialty plants

      • Begin with light vertical trunk

      • Lightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom

      • Draw needles and shadows

      • Fill in truck

      • Tie to the ground


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EXAMPLES

  • Water

    • Start with horizontal strokes, darkest nearest to shoreline

    • Leave white or light areas below object to be reflected.

    • Finish with series of vertical lines, darkest nearest to shore and lighten as you move away

Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law


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EXERCISES

  • Exercise one:


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EXERCISES

  • Exercise two:


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EXERCISES

  • Exercise three: