PENCIL SKETCHING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. PENCIL SKETCHING Presentation by Dennis L. Law, ASLA Professor and Dean College of Architecture, Planning and Design Kansas State University Conte Crayon sketch by Dennis Law

  2. PENCIL SKETCHING • Equipment • Technique • Composition • Examples Pencil sketch by Dennis Law

  3. PENCIL SKETCHING • Equipment • Pencils • Sharpening • Paper • Stump • Erasers Pencil sketch by Dennis Law

  4. Equipment • Pencils • Hardness/softness • Hard: 2H, H, & HB • Soft: B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, & 6B • Tone varies with paper, atmosphere, brand & subject.

  5. Equipment • Sharpening the Pencil • Never use a point, but rather use a wedge. • Fuzzy wines are the best wines Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law

  6. Equipment • Paper • Aquabee Drawing 812 and Strathmore Alexis - rough and gives grained appearance to middle to light tones Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law

  7. Equipment • Paper • Aquabee Satin Finish - smooth - surfaced paper for great tones. • Video - Expensive but the best Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law

  8. Equipment • Stump • Use very seldom • Will be demonstrated in class

  9. Equipment • Erasers • Prefer kneaded eraser • A drawing that needs a lot of correction by eraser is not going to be successful.

  10. PENCIL SKETCHING • Technique • Preventing smudges • Portrait versus Landscape • Hard to soft • Drawing smaller than you see • Draw only shadows • Composition Pencil sketch by Dennis Law

  11. TECHNIQUE • Preventing Smudges • Build a Bridge • Start by laying out drawing with harder leads • Start upper left-hand corner (right-handed people • Upper right if left-handed Pencil sketch by Dennis Law

  12. TECHNIQUE • Portrait versus Landscape • Understand principles of composition • Portrait is for vertical subjects • Landscape is for horizontal subjects Sketch by Dennis Law

  13. TECHNIQUE • Pointers • Start with hard leads and move to softer as drawing develops • Use no more than 3 leads weights • Draw smaller than you see • Draw only shadows and let white of the paper work • Leave white around the drawing for composition

  14. PENCIL SKETCHING • Examples • Materials • Openings • Windows • Roof • Shadows • Plant materials • Water Sketch by Dennis Law

  15. COMPOSITION • Examples • Materials • Openings • Windows • Roof • Shadows • Plant materials • Water Sketch by Dennis Law

  16. EXAMPLES • Wood Boards: • First, lay in the black tones with soft lead • Keep strokes broad and firm. Bear down • Sharp strokes to suggest shadows on edge of board • A few diagonal strokes to relieve monotony of vertical boards

  17. EXAMPLES • Openings: • Break up dark area with pencil strokes that have a variety of direction and value • Leave some touches of clear white paper between some of the strokes

  18. EXAMPLES • Windows: • Always variation in reflected light on windows • Windows are generally black • Vary darkness between panes • Leave areas of white

  19. EXAMPLES • Roofs: • First lay in tones • Horizontal lines are predominate • Lighten some shingles by erasing with kneaded eraser • Darken lower edges to simulate shadows

  20. EXAMPLES • Shadows: • Do not draw a line to show outlines of shadows • Shadow darkest at edge of light • Shadows are darker than shaded areas • Undulate shadows to give depth where appropriate

  21. EXAMPLES • Plant Materials: • Grasses • Start with gray lines which represent blades • Darken in the shadows at the bottom of the blades • Put in seed heads as demonstrated • Use sharp lines to cast shadow edge

  22. EXAMPLES • Plant Materials: • Deciduous Trees • Lightly (very) draw in basic geometric form • Subdivide into leaf masses • Cast shadows • Draw in truck and major branches (white against shadows, black against sky) • Tie to the ground

  23. EXAMPLES • Plant Materials: • Coniferous Trees • Begin with light vertical trunk • Lightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom • Draw needles and shadows • Fill in truck • Tie to the ground

  24. EXAMPLES • Plant Materials: • Specialty plants • Begin with light vertical trunk • Lightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom • Draw needles and shadows • Fill in truck • Tie to the ground

  25. EXAMPLES • Water • Start with horizontal strokes, darkest nearest to shoreline • Leave white or light areas below object to be reflected. • Finish with series of vertical lines, darkest nearest to shore and lighten as you move away Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law

  26. EXERCISES • Exercise one:

  27. EXERCISES • Exercise two:

  28. EXERCISES • Exercise three: