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    1. Nanorobotics at USC

    3. Why Nanorobotics? Applications, especially biology, medicine and the environment. Robotic science: Different phenomena at the nanoscale: surface forces, quantum effects, Environments with large spatial uncertainties. Dynamic environments, robustness, adaptability, New trade-offs between computation, motion, communication, New strategies, algorithms, software, hardware Minimalist robotics. Swarm robotics.

    4. Interactive Pushing

    5. Making a Pattern

    6. LMR in 3-D

    7. Example of Automatic Manipulation

    8. Automated Manipulation Demo

    9. Nanorobot Issues Sensors Computers and Control Actuators and Propulsion Power Communications Interfaces and Integration nano/micro/macro organic/inorganic biotic/abiotic Programming and Coordination Nanorobots raise all the issues that are important for NEMS

    10. Cell Identification by Force Sensing

    11. Control Experiments

    12. Nanowires

    13. Microorganism Detection

    14. Nanowire Detection of Algae in a Microchannel

    15. Selective Functionalization of NW Mats

    16. SEM Images of PPy Nanowires/Nanotubes 50 nm diameter PPy nanowire 100 nm diameter PPy nanotubule

    17. Do These PPy Nanofibers Change Volume? AFM tip is placed directly over one of the PPy nanofibers to measure real-time height changes in response to cycling of voltage. 100 nm diameter fibers. Explain the experimental setup, emphasize that the tip is placed directly over the surface to allow for real-time monitoring of height change in response to voltage cyclingExplain the experimental setup, emphasize that the tip is placed directly over the surface to allow for real-time monitoring of height change in response to voltage cycling

    18. Real-Time Actuation of 100nm PPy Nanofiber Explain graph, lower one first. Point out the drastic behavior difference as compared to the film actuation response that was just presented. Point out that actuation seems strange but peak sets correlate to voltage, and that the system is in transition. Possible explanation is the sensitivity of the nanofiber system to the diffusion process of the mobile ions involved, where as for bulk property collective response predominates what is observed.Explain graph, lower one first. Point out the drastic behavior difference as compared to the film actuation response that was just presented. Point out that actuation seems strange but peak sets correlate to voltage, and that the system is in transition. Possible explanation is the sensitivity of the nanofiber system to the diffusion process of the mobile ions involved, where as for bulk property collective response predominates what is observed.

    19. Assembly Agent Model Perform a random walk (environment) Grab and release neighbors Exchange messages with neighbors Store, look-up and execute simple rules Increment and decrement a hop counter

    20. Self-Repair and Reproduction