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Mental & Emotional Health


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slide2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Least Most

Put in Order on the most “mentally healthy” to least on Continuum

the least you need to know
The Least You Need to Know

1. Basic Mental Health Vocab/Definition: Define mental health and the 5 characteristics

2. Maslow’s hierarchy (pyramid): Label and know examples

of each level.

3. Basic Stress: Define: Stress, Stressor, Eustress, Distress,

Homeostasis, Causes of Stress (3 Categories) & WarningSigns of Stress

4. Stress Response: Know the 3 stages, be able to label it and discuss what happens.

5. Stress and Illness: How are stress and illness related?

6. What is the Purpose of Stress? Think about your arm span!

7. Stress and Personality: How does your personality affect how much stress you have (Type A, Type B).

8. Basic Stress Management Strategies: Know basic stress management types.

mental health
Mental Health:

the ability to accept yourself and others, adapt to and manage emotions, and deal with the demands and challenges you meet in life.

  • Positive Self-Esteem
  • Feelings of Belonging
  • Feelings of Purpose (Mission Statement)
  • Positive Outlook
  • Confidence
group activity
Group Activity

1). Discuss which characteristics are difficult to control? Why? Rate 1-10(1-easy, 10-Hardest)?

2) Either provide 1 example(s) of each OR 1 non- example (when someone isn’t this).

3) You will be given one characteristic (self esteem, purpose, etc.) as a group

you will have to provide 3 ways you

can improve the characteristic I give you group (and share this with the class).

self esteem and self image the bread and butter of mental health
Self-Esteem and Self-Image(the bread and butter of mental health…..)
  • Changes that took place in Amy
    • good or bad changes?
  • How is it related to self-esteem
  • Should people be allowed to get
  • plastic surgery?
what is necessary to change a person is to change his awareness of himself abraham maslow
“What is necessary to change a person is to change his awareness of himself.”Abraham Maslow
  • Apply this to Amy from Extreme Makeover or life in general…
essential questions
Essential Questions
  • How is Maslow’s Hierarchy like baseball?
  • What are some reasons why Maslow would have studied this topic?
  • What are at least 3 health behaviors that could prevent you from hitting a home run?
the least you need to know16
The Least You Need to Know:
  • Stress 101 (Definitions): Stress, Stressor, Eustress vs. Distress, Homeostasis

2. Stress Response

(3 Stages of GAS)

3. Stress and PersonalityType A, Type B

4. Stress and Disease/Illness

5. Basic Stress Management Strategies

who has the most stress
Who Has the Most Stress?

K

T

A

E

M

Least Most

Put in Order on the Continuum

K-Kids (0-11) T-Teens (12-18) A-Adults (18-40)

M-Mid-Adults (40-60) E-Elderly (60 +)

is this stress
Is this stress?

What exactly is stress?

stress 101
STRESS 101
  • Stress: Body and mind’s reaction to challenging events in life.
  • Causes of Stress = Stressors
  • Is all stress bad?
  • “Bad Stress” (Distress) vs.
  • Good Stress (Eustress)
causes of stress
Causes of Stress

Do all equate to the same level(s) of stress?

a good question what should you feel like
A Good Question? What should you feel like?
  • EMOTIONALLY
  • .
  • .
  • .

HOMEOSTASIS:

  • PHYSICALLY
  • .
  • .
  • .

Balance of Body and Mind

early warning signs of stress
Early Warning Signs of Stress
  • Physical
  • Emotional
  • Behavioral
human history
HUMAN HISTORY

Years Ago Homo

  • Tools 2,500,000 H. habilis
  • Regular Hunting 1,500,000 H. erectus
  • Control of Fire 500,000 H. erectus
  • Agriculture 10,000 H. sapiens
  • First Cities 7,000 H. sapiens
  • Industrial revolution 200 H. sapiens
  • Technological revolution 20

H. sapiens

fight or flight response
Fight-or-FlightResponse

Things you only see in movies….

the stress response
THE STRESS RESPONSE

Physiological Adaptations

Heart Rate

Blood Pressure

Breathing

Energy

Endorphins

Blood Flow

To Muscles

why zebras don t get ulcers
WHY ZEBRAS DON”T GET ULCERS

“A zebra’s stress response kicks in when the zebra is chased by a lion; when the zebra escapes, the stress response shuts off. In between predation attempts the zebra is at ease. It doesn’t flood itself with stress hormones wondering when the next lion is going to show up”

Robert Sapolsky

the stress response35
THE STRESS RESPONSE

Then:

  • Prepared the body for living (survival)
  • Response to physical stress: animals,

rock slides, famine, drought, etc.

  • Most stress was short in time.
the stress response37
THE STRESS RESPONSE

Now:

  • Most danger is not physical
  • Response to emotional problems: work,

money, noise, relationships

  • Stress is ongoing or constant
and why humans do
…AND WHY HUMANS DO

“The human mind is so powerful, the connections between perception and physiological response so strong, that we can set off the flight-or-flight response by just imagining ourselves in a threatening situation.”

The End of Stress

general adaptation syndrome
General Adaptation Syndrome
  • Alarm Reaction

Body is shocked by the stress

  • Stage of Resistance

Body tries to fight off the stress

  • Stage of Exhaustion

Stress does not go away, body has no more energy to fight the stress, illness or disease

stress disease
STRESS & DISEASE
  • Increased Blood pressure
  • Increased Heart Rate
  • = Increased Heart attacks
  • Others….
  • Lowers your body’s ability to fight off diseases or illnesses (the immune system)
slide44

Mind-Body Illnesses (Psychosomatic)

  • Heart Disease
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Acid Reflux
  • Ulcers
  • Asthma Attacks
  • Common Cold?
  • …………………………………………………Decreased Immunity
stress disease45
STRESS & DISEASE

“Between 60 and 90% of all our population’s visits to doctor’s offices are stress-related and probably cannot be detected, much less treated effectively, with the medications and procedures on which the medical profession relies almost exclusively.”

Dr. Herbert Benson, Timeless Healing

stress personality
Stress & Personality
  • Type A (Competitive or Rushed)
  • Type B(Relaxed or Laid Back)
word wall addition
Word Wall Addition
  • Perception-The way we look at and interpret a situation.
pressure is what happens to you stress is how you react to these pressures
“PRESSURE is what happens to you, STRESS is how you react to these pressures.”

Mini-Assignment

  • ½ page to a page reaction
  • Explain quote
  • Use examples from your own experiences
  • Discuss the concept of perception.
stress management
STRESS “MANAGEMENT”
  • Sleep, Physical Activity, Nutrition, Relaxation
  • Meditation, Yoga, Tai Chi,
  • Family, Friends, Community

= Support System

  • Don’t Underestimate humor
  • Sense of Control / Perception
  • MUST HAVE AN OUTLET!
what are our goals
What Are Our Goals?
  • Limit NOT Eliminate stress
  • Use stress in a positive way
  • Use it to improve our performance

Find the Right Balance

the least you need to know58
The Least You Need To Know:
  • Define Depression
  • Symptoms
  • Reactive vs. Major Depression
  • Warning Signs /

Symptoms

Suicide general:

describe a time when you needed help
Describe a time when you needed help?
  • How did you feel when you needed help?
  • Who helped you?
  • How did it make you feel?
depression definition
Depression: Definition

Prolonged Feelings of:

  • Hopelessness
  • Helpless
  • Sadness
  • Guilt
  • Take the Quiz!
depression is significantly underdiagnosed but relatively easy to screen
Depression Is Significantly Underdiagnosed but Relatively Easy to Screen

US Preventive Services Task Force

2-Question Screen

1. During the past 2 weeks, have you felt down, depressed, or hopeless?

2. During the past 2 weeks, have you felt little interest or pleasure in doing things?

Sources: Glass RM. Awareness about depression: Important for all physicians. JAMA. 2003:289:3169-3170.

Insel TR, Charney DS. Research on major depression: Strategies and priorities. JAMA. 2003;289:3167-3168.

some depression is normal
Some Depression is “Normal”
  • What’s Normal?
  • Reactive vs. Major Depression
  • Time Frame/Impact on Your Life
  • The key difference between depressed moods and serious depression is the length of symptoms.
causes of depression
Causes of Depression

Depression has no single cause; often, results from a combination of:

  • Family history
  • Trauma and stress
  • Pessimistic personality
  • Physical conditions
  • Other psychological disorders.
what is the relationship between drug use and depression
What is the Relationship between Drug use and depression?

Depression and recreational drug use are both common and can occur together purely by chance as individual problems.

more often however there is an interaction between the two and this can take several forms
More often, however, there is an interaction between the two and this can take several forms:
  • gaining some relief.
  • or as part of withdrawal symptoms
  • to 'escape'
  • pressures, which may trigger depression.
  • people who are depressed may use recreational drugs in an attempt to end their life.
  • other psychiatric (mental) illnesses
depression is a multisymptom disorder with high direct and indirect costs
Depression Is a Multisymptom Disorder With High Direct and Indirect Costs

U.S. Cost in 2006 – $50 Billion

Depression: A Brain and Body Disease

  • Depression increases chance of dying from heart attack
  • Depression increases chance of stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis
  • Treating depression helps control diabetes

Source: Glass RM. Awareness about depression: Important for all physicians. JAMA. 2003:289:3169-3170.

success in treating depression exceeds success in understanding it
Success in Treating Depression Exceeds Success in Understanding It

Specific Biomarkers and Tests for Depression Do Not Currently Exist

  • We don’t know
    • Specific gene(s) causing depression
    • How nerves affect moods
    • How stress changes brain and body function
  • We do know
    • 70% of treated patients see symptoms decrease by 50%
    • Medications boost chemical neurotransmitters
    • Psychotherapy can be effective

Source: Insel TR, Charney DS. Research on major depression: Strategies and priorities. JAMA. 2003;289:3167-3168.

failure to identify and treat depression is often fatal

Depression and Suicide

Patients With Depression

Failure to Identify and Treat Depression is Often Fatal
  • 1999: 30,000 suicides (2X homicides)
  • 90% of suicides were associated with mental illness, usually depression
  • 75% of successful suicides on a repeat attempt occurred in patients receiving NO mental health therapy
  • Only 25% receive appropriate therapy

Source: Glass RM. Awareness about depression: Important for all physicians. JAMA. 2003:289:3169-3170.

slide72

Suicide

A _________ solution to a __________ problem.

where can you go for help
Where can you go for help?

Parents

Social Workers

  • http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/depresfact.cfm

Religious Leaders

Guidance Couns.

Teachers

Friends