Figures of Speech - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Figures of Speech

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  1. Figures of Speech

  2. -something that is nonhuman that is given human like qualities in a sentence Personification- -As I sat down in the chairit screamed. -I walked into my room and my desk stuck its leg out and tripped me.

  3. comparison using like or as Simile- -The cloud was as soft as a cotton ball. -Santa Clause's cheeks were as red ascherries. -Brian was whipped against the front of the shelter like a rag.

  4. compare two things without using like or as (was, were, is) Metaphor- -The boy was a deer running down the football field. -The fogwas a blanket covering the football field.

  5. similar sounds at the beginning of words in a sentence. Alliteration- -Pink ponies pranced through the park. -Louie loves laying lazily on my laundry. -My brother Bill bakes big brown brownies.

  6. words that suggest or imitatesound. Onomatopoeia- -At six o'clock on weekdays my alarm clock goes ding, ding, ding! -When Indiana Jones uses his whip you can hear a loud crack! -“Ouch!” cried my mother after she smashed her finger.

  7. Parts of A Story

  8. -The ones who act out the story Characters- Who is the main character in Hatchet? -The main character in Hatchet is Brian Robeson.

  9. Where and when the story takes place Setting- What is the main setting throughout Hatchet? -The setting for the story is mainly somewhere in the Canadian wilderness at the present time.

  10. The series of actions that take place in a story Plot - What are the four different parts of the plot called? a) Introduction b) Development c) Climax d) Resolution

  11. Presents the characters, problem, and setting. a) Introduction When will the introduction most likely take place in a story? -The introduction will most likely take place at the beginningofthestory.

  12. Shows how the problemaffects the characters and what they do to try and solveit. b) Development What is the main problem that Brian is trying to solve in the story? -The main problem that Brian is trying to solve is how to getoutof the Canadian Wilderness.

  13. The mostexciting or most interesting action in the story; the turningpoint of the story. c) Climax When does the climax take place in Hatchet? -The climax in Hatchet occurs when a tornado rips through the area and uncovers part of the sunken plane.

  14. The solution to the problem d) Resolution How does Brian find a resolution to the problem of being stranded in the Canadian Wilderness? -Brian resolves the problem of being stranded in the Canadian Wilderness by getting the survivalpack out of the plane and turning on the transmitter.

  15. The message the authorwants the readerto learn or what the character learns in the story Theme What’s the theme of Hatchet? -The theme of Hatchet is that Brian, the main character, must overcome many obstacles to insure his survival.

  16. Nouns

  17. A nonspecific person, place, or thing Common Nouns What are some commonnouns? Person Place Thing boy woods spear pilot shelter hatchet friend home bow & arrow

  18. A specific person, place, or thing Proper Nouns What are some proper nouns? Person Place Thing Brian Canada Statue of Liberty Terry New York Dixon Pencil Jake PCMS Eiffel Tower

  19. Allison’s desk is very squeaky. Common Nouns Which word is the common noun in the above sentence? Allison’s desk is very squeaky. Desk is the correct answer.

  20. Proper Nouns My wife and I went to H.H. Gregg to buy a new stove. Which word is the proper noun in the above sentence? My wife and I went to H.H. Gregg to buy a new stove. H.H. Greggis the correct answer.

  21. Names morethanone person, place, or thing Plural Nouns Nouns ending with s, z, zz, ch, sh, x Add es. Example: church = churches O preceded by a vowel add –s. Example: patio = patios

  22. O preceded by a consonant, usually add es, sometimes -s. Example: echo = echoes Example: piano = pianos Plural Nouns Cont. Y preceded by a vowel add –s. Example: monkey = monkeys

  23. Y preceded by a consonant, usually change y to i add es Example: fly = flies Plural Nouns Cont. f or fe usually change f to v and add –es. Sometimes –s Example: Knife = knives Example: earmuff = earmuffs

  24. Hatchet

  25. Perspective from which the story is told Point of view From what point of view is Hatchet told? Hatchet is told from the third person point of view, which means the author is telling the story.

  26. Hatchet Questions Why did Brian name the first cherries he ate “Gut Cherries?” -The first cherries Brian ate gave him a terrible stomachache and that is why he called them “Gut Cherries.”

  27. Hatchet Questions What fact did Brian discover when he was near his fire? -The fact that Brian discovered when he was near the fire was that the mosquitoes stayed away from him.

  28. Hatchet Questions Most readers could believe that Brian’s most hopeful moment was when… -Brian’s most hopeful moment was when he spotted the tail of the plane in the water.

  29. Hatchet Questions Even though Brian saw the bear, he feels that it is safe to go back and pick the berries. Why? -Brian feels it is safe to go back and pick the berries because the bear did not want to hurt him.

  30. Hatchet Questions How did Brian get his first meat? -Brian gets his first meat by lunging at a foolbird and killing it with his spear.

  31. Hatchet Questions The site chosen by Brian is described as a sideways bowl under a ledge. How does Brian think the bowl was formed? -Brian thinks the bowl was formed by some glacier action many years ago.

  32. Hatchet Questions What advice does Mr. Perpich, Brian's teacher, give him on attitude? -Mr. Perpich advices Brian to stay positive and to get motivated because Brian is his own most valuable asset.

  33. Hatchet Questions  What did the author mean when he said about Brian, He was not the same now-the Brian that stood and watched the wolves move away and nodded to them, he was completely changed. -The author means that Brian now understands nature and his role within nature.

  34. Hatchet Questions What did Brian do when he returned home that showed his newfound respect for nature? -When Brian returned home, he showed a newfound respect for nature because he researched the plants and animals that he had encountered.

  35. Hatchet Questions Why did Brian take off in a run when he heard the whining noise in the air? -Brian took off in a run when he heard the whining noise in the air because he knew it was the rescue plane and he wanted to send a fire signal to it.

  36. Hatchet Questions What inspired Brian to take stock of what he had on his body? -Brian was inspired to take stock of what he had on his body when he remembered the words of his English teacher.

  37. Hatchet Questions What was the most important rule of survival that Brian learned? -The most important rule of survival that Brian learned was that self-pity doesn’t accomplish anything.

  38. Hatchet Questions This is an example of what type of story? -This is an example of a fictional adventure drama story.