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Colloids and SurfacePhenomena Aspects Of Make Up and Lipstick. Group Members CHAIN, KOK KEONG LE, DIEUHANH THI MCLAUGHLIN, KELLY E VAN NATTER, RAINEE M Date: 18 th April 2002 Introduction Definition of Cosmetic Ingredients Overview of Customer Requirements
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CHAIN, KOK KEONG
LE, DIEUHANH THI
MCLAUGHLIN, KELLY E
VAN NATTER, RAINEE M
Date: 18th April 2002
Components Range % by wt Preferred by wt
*Ultra Chemical Inc.
a. Castor oil:-extracted from castor plant
b. Capric/Caprylic Triglyceride:-oily liquid extract from plant vegetable oil and dairy fats.
c. Isostearyl Isostearate
a. Paraffin Wax:-derived from petroleum
b. Ozokerite Wax:-ceresin wax, naturally occurs in mineral wax.
a. Propyl Parahen:-propyl-4-hydroxylbenzoate and prepare from p-bromophenol
a. D&C Red #7 CA lake:
b. Red Oxide
c. Ultrapure HMP-S
a. Candellia wax
1. Heat the ingredients to 75-85degree Celsius
2. Mix until the batch is smooth and uniform
*There are different shapes and packaging of lipsticks. The prices are ranging from $1.99 to $29.99, depending to the Brand name of product, such as Lancôme , Avon, L’Oreal, etc.LipstickShapes, packaging and price
Below: esters and oilsMain Ingredients
(Marmion, Sagarin 223-224)
(Sagarin 229-235, Poucher III 283)
White (Filler, Opacifier)
White/yellowish white (Opacifier)
K2Al4(Al2Si6O20)(OH4) or H2KAl3(SiO4)3
Iron Oxides, ochres, umbers
Iron Oxides, Yellow ochres
Blues, violets, greens, pinks, reds
Chromium oxides, hydroxide
Yellowish (sage) green, bluish green
Ferric Ferro-Cyanide, ferric ammonium ferrocyanide
5 sec- refer them to web siteCommon Inorganic Pigments
(Marmion 99-111, Sagarin 228,233, PCI, Jones)
(“European Commission”, Sagarin 257)
(“European Commission”, Sagarin 227,256-258,288,390, Poucher I 50,344)
(“Product Dictionary”), (European Commission)
(Almay, Inc.)Compact Powder Eyeshadow
Filler 64.7% Pigment 22.6% Liquid Binder 10.5% Solid Binder 2.0% Preservatives 0.6%
Talc (Filler) 64.7%(wt)
Ultramarine Blue (Pigment) 20.0%
Octyl Palmitate (Liquid Binder) 7.0%
Squalane (Liquid Binder) 3.5%
Iron Oxides (Pigment) 2.6%
Zinc Stearate (Solid Binder) 2.0%
(monoglyceride) (Preservative) 0.5%
EDTA (Preservative) 0.1%
Procedure:1. Mill, grind, mix dry powder ingredients2. Spray liquid phase into powder while mixing3. Distribute 4. Press5. Dry
(Ultra Chem), (Sagarin 258-261)
Water 67% Other Solvents 19% Pigment 4.5% Emulsifiers 9.6% Perfumes 0.2% Preservatives 0.15%
Water (softened or distilled) 67%
Glycerin (solvent) 19%
Diethylene glycol monostearate
Cetyl alcohol ethoxylate 2.9%
Titanium dioxide 2-3%
Iso-Propyl myristate (binder) 1.9%
Methyl paraben (preservative) 0.15%
Bromo acid (colourant) 0.02%
(Poucher III 284)
Petroleum jelly* (binder/base) 25.6%
Paraffin wax (binder/emollient) 22.6%
Lustre Pigments 10.3%
Beeswax (binder/emollient) 5.1%
Oleyl alcohol (emulsion stab.) 5.1%
Lanolin (emollient) 4.1%
Cetyl alcohol (emulsifier/emollient) 3.1%
Butylparaben (preservative) 0.02%
Propylparaben (preservative) 0.01%Cream-Solid Eyeshadow
Binders/Emollients/ Emulsifiers 82.0% Pigment 18.5% Perfumes 0.5% Preservatives 0.03%
(Poucher III 294)
Solvent 69.7% Waxes 14.0% Pigments 12.0% Polyethylene 4.2%
Isoparaffin (Solvent) 69.7%
Ozokerite wax 5.4%
Carnauba wax 2.0%
Microcrystalline wax 1.2%
Procedure:1. Mix polyethylene with about half the solvent2. Heat to about 100°C with stirring3. Add remainder of solvent4. Cool rapidly5. Add the pigments and melted waxes, and mixed thoroughly.
(Poucher III 305)
Andersen, Kristin. “Cosmetic Colorants.” Healthwell. Penton Media (04 Apr 2002). http://www.healthwell.com/hnbreakthroughs/apr98/colorants.cfm.
European Commission Enterprise DG UNIT F/3 - Biotechnology, Competitiveness in Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics. “The International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients.” (23 Oct 2001). http://eudrams1.is.eudra.org/F3/home.html - Inventory of Cosmetic Ingredients
Jones, Mr. “Photographic Chemical Descriptions.” (23 Mar 2001). http://www.speakeasy.org/~mrjones/chemdesc.htm - photographic chemical site, used to get pigment color of ferric ferrocyanide
Marmion, Daniel M. Handbook of U.S. Colorants for Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics. 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons (1984).
Paint and Coatings Industry (PCI). (Iron Oxide Information) http://www.pcimag.com/CDA/ArticleInformation/features/BNP_Features_Item/0,1846,13449,00.html.
Poucher, W.A., and G.M. Howard. Perfumes, Cosmetics and Soaps. Vol. I. 8th Ed. Chapman and Hall (1974).
Poucher, W.A., and G.M. Howard. Perfumes, Cosmetics and Soaps. Vol. III. 8th Ed. Chapman and Hall (1974).
“Product Dictionary.” Make Me Up (2000). http://www.emakemeup.com/ingredients.html - List and short description of cosmetic ingredients
Sagarin, Edward, Ed. Cosmetics: Science and Technology. Interscience Publishers (1957).
Ultra Chemical Inc. “Pressed Eyeshadow, Matte.” (2000). http://www.ultrachem.com/formulations/pressedeyeshadow.html.
Walgreens. http://www.walgreens.com. - Cosmetics photos.