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Building Types

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  1. Building Types AE210 Class Lecture Click on Image to go to web Source

  2. Why We Care • Buildings are Different • There are “expected” ways of building certain “types” of building • Ways they look – Architects care • Ways they function – Engineers care • E.g. Floor loads; HVAC Systems; Electrical Loads • Knowing Building Types gives us a head start when designing.

  3. Issues In Building Types - 1 • Users – What do they need? • Space Sizes • Large <-> Small • Regular <-> Varied • Implications for Structure • Expected Life • Temporary <-> Eternal • Implications for materials & Methods

  4. Issues In Building Types - 2 • Equipment Inside • Structural Support • Power Requirements • e.g. Water powered mills • E.g. Server Farm

  5. Issues In Building Types - 3 • Acoustic Concerns

  6. Issues In Building Types - 4 • Health Concerns • Air • Surfaces • Lighting • Grounding

  7. Issues In Building Types – 5 • Production • Auto • Printing • Medicine

  8. Historical Evolution • We’ll look at buildings historically because • It helps develop a sense of the profession • Buildings have become more complex over time and the number of “types” has increased

  9. Housing • The need for shelter has been constant for tens of thousands of years. • The form varies depending on climate, materials & culture. • Here: • Japanese prehistoric straw house • Canyon de Chelly – Arizona - 1100 • Modern High-Rise • What’s the same? • What’s Different?

  10. Warfare • Forts & Protected Cities • Mycenae – Greece (1400 BCE) • Krac des Chevaliers – Syria (1134) • Submarine Pen - 1940

  11. Worship • Purpose • Gather People • Express Awe • Seen Here • Egyptian Temple – Edfu – 1200 BCE • Sainte Chapelle –Paris 1248 • Erectheum – Athens – 432 BCE • Beth Sholom – Elkins Park

  12. Funeral • Massive Structure • Purpose • Protect body for eternity • Impress • Step Pyramid at Saqqârah – Egypt – 2611 BCE • Lenin’s Tomb – Moscow - 1924

  13. Marketplaces • Purpose • People Meet • Conduct Business • Markets Today • Agora – Athens - ~500 BCE • Agora – Athens – Today • NY Stock Exchange Façade - Today • Stock Exchange – Today • ? What does this type require of AE?

  14. Athletic Facilities • Purpose • Organized Competition • Places • Olympus Greece – 766 BCE + • Olympics – Salt Lake City - 2002

  15. Theaters • Dramatic Event • Places • Epidaurus – Greece ~300BCE • Coliseum – Rome – 81 • 45,000 seats • IMAX Theater – Long Island – 1999 • What is the same? • What has changed?

  16. Conclusion • Building Types Matter • You’ll probably specialize in only a few • Resources • “Time Saver Standards for Building Types” • Older book – In library • Magazine Articles – Particularly in Architectural Record. • Bibliography • http://libwww.syr.edu/information/finearts/archtypes.htm