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Building Types AE210 Class Lecture Click on Image to go to web Source Why We Care Buildings are Different There are “expected” ways of building certain “types” of building Ways they look – Architects care Ways they function – Engineers care E.g. Floor loads; HVAC Systems; Electrical Loads

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building types

Building Types

AE210 Class Lecture

Click on Image to go to web Source

why we care
Why We Care
  • Buildings are Different
  • There are “expected” ways of building certain “types” of building
    • Ways they look – Architects care
    • Ways they function – Engineers care
      • E.g. Floor loads; HVAC Systems; Electrical Loads
  • Knowing Building Types gives us a head start when designing.
issues in building types 1
Issues In Building Types - 1
  • Users – What do they need?
  • Space Sizes
    • Large <-> Small
    • Regular <-> Varied
    • Implications for Structure
  • Expected Life
    • Temporary <-> Eternal
    • Implications for materials & Methods
issues in building types 2
Issues In Building Types - 2
  • Equipment Inside
    • Structural Support
    • Power Requirements
      • e.g. Water powered mills
      • E.g. Server Farm
issues in building types 4
Issues In Building Types - 4
  • Health Concerns
    • Air
    • Surfaces
    • Lighting
    • Grounding
issues in building types 5
Issues In Building Types – 5
  • Production
    • Auto
    • Printing
    • Medicine
historical evolution
Historical Evolution
  • We’ll look at buildings historically because
    • It helps develop a sense of the profession
    • Buildings have become more complex over time and the number of “types” has increased
housing
Housing
  • The need for shelter has been constant for tens of thousands of years.
  • The form varies depending on climate, materials & culture.
  • Here:
    • Japanese prehistoric straw house
    • Canyon de Chelly – Arizona - 1100
    • Modern High-Rise
  • What’s the same?
  • What’s Different?
warfare
Warfare
  • Forts & Protected Cities
  • Mycenae – Greece (1400 BCE)
  • Krac des Chevaliers – Syria (1134)
  • Submarine Pen - 1940
worship
Worship
  • Purpose
    • Gather People
    • Express Awe
  • Seen Here
    • Egyptian Temple – Edfu – 1200 BCE
    • Sainte Chapelle –Paris 1248
    • Erectheum – Athens – 432 BCE
    • Beth Sholom – Elkins Park
funeral
Funeral
  • Massive Structure
  • Purpose
    • Protect body for eternity
    • Impress
  • Step Pyramid at Saqqârah – Egypt – 2611 BCE
  • Lenin’s Tomb – Moscow - 1924
marketplaces
Marketplaces
  • Purpose
    • People Meet
    • Conduct Business
  • Markets Today
    • Agora – Athens - ~500 BCE
    • Agora – Athens – Today
    • NY Stock Exchange Façade - Today
    • Stock Exchange – Today
  • ? What does this type require of AE?
athletic facilities
Athletic Facilities
  • Purpose
    • Organized Competition
  • Places
    • Olympus Greece – 766 BCE +
    • Olympics – Salt Lake City - 2002
theaters
Theaters
  • Dramatic Event
  • Places
    • Epidaurus – Greece ~300BCE
    • Coliseum – Rome – 81
      • 45,000 seats
    • IMAX Theater – Long Island – 1999
  • What is the same?
  • What has changed?
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Building Types Matter
    • You’ll probably specialize in only a few
  • Resources
    • “Time Saver Standards for Building Types”
      • Older book – In library
    • Magazine Articles – Particularly in Architectural Record.
    • Bibliography
      • http://libwww.syr.edu/information/finearts/archtypes.htm