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Aircraft Familiarization. Lesson Objectives. At the conclusion of this lesson you will… Understand the basic components of an airframe Be familiar with aircraft controls. Be familiar with the cockpit. Fuselage Wings Empennage Landing Gear Powerplant. Airframe - General. Houses

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Aircraft Familiarization


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Presentation Transcript
lesson objectives
Lesson Objectives

At the conclusion of this lesson you will…

  • Understand the basic components of an airframe
  • Be familiar with aircraft controls.
  • Be familiar with the cockpit
airframe general
Fuselage

Wings

Empennage

Landing Gear

Powerplant

Airframe - General
fuselage
Houses

Cockpit

Seats

Cargo

Attachment Points

Fuselage
wings
Lift

Monoplane vs Biplane

Flaps

Ailerons

Wings
empennage
Empennage
  • Tail Section
  • Vertical Stabilizer
    • Rudder
  • Horizontal Stabilizer
    • Elevator
  • Stabilator
landing gear
Landing Gear
  • Supports aircraft on ground
  • Absorbs landing load
    • Struts
  • Tail Wheel (Conventional) vs Tricycle
landing gear8
Landing Gear

Fixed Gear

Retractable Gear

landing gear9
Landing Gear
  • Movement on Ground
powerplant
Powerplant
  • Engine
    • Converts chemical energy (fuel) into mechanical energy which turns the propeller.

Lycoming 0-320 Engine

powerplant11
Powerplant
  • Propeller
    • Converts mechanical energy into thrust.
    • Attached to engine by crankshaft.
    • Rotates clockwise, as seen from cockpit.
powerplant12
Powerplant
  • Cowl
    • Ducts air over engine for cooling.
    • Makes airflow around engine as smooth as possible.
three axis of aircraft
Three Axis of Aircraft
  • Longitudinal Axis
  • Lateral Axis
  • Vertical Axis
aircraft control
Aircraft Control
  • Roll Control

- Movement about Longitudinal Axis

- Controlled by Ailerons

aircraft control15
Aircraft Control
  • Pitch Control

- Movement about Lateral Axis

- Controlled by Elevator

aircraft control16
Aircraft Control
  • Yaw Control

- Movement about Vertical Axis

- Controlled by Rudder