Active Reading Mike Walker UNIV1011: University Success February 8, 2006
But before we begin . . . • Any questions on last week’s lecture or handouts? • We addressed: • developing a Learning Attitude • learning takes place before, during and after class • listening actively; maintaining your attention • three major note taking systems • three alternate/supportive strategies • the Study Smarter Not Harder. . . Top 9
Major Concepts for Reading • Reading & making meaning • Setting the stage for reading • Active & Study Reading – purpose & principles • Methods of study reading • SQ3R • SQRW • Applying a note taking system to reading • More Active reading resources • Using resources: print & online
The man who does not read good books has no advantage over the man who can’t read. Mark Twain
Keys to Success, p. 133 “College and university reading and studying require a step-by-step approach aimed at the construction of meaning and knowledge.” Keys to Success, p. 134 “More than anything else, reading is the process that requires you, the reader, to make meaning from written words.” Learning Theory:Reading &Constructivism
Making meaning is… • …connecting “yourself to to the concept being communicated.” • You use your knowledge or familiarity with • the subject • your culture • your home environment • your life experiences • your personal interpretation • In a new subject area you may have to build much of that familiarity.
Why do your readings? • Demonstration • Instructions: • listen to my lecture • take notes if you wish • put the information in your own words • repeat the information back to me
Comprehension Boosters(p.134) • Build knowledge through reading and studying • keep building a context for what you read • Think positively • use positive self talk • Think critically • self test; explain to someone else • Build vocabulary • master the jargon of your discipline • Look for order and meaning • use strategies to “think through” difficult reading
Setting the Stage for Reading(pp. 135 – 140) • Use an “active approach” (p. 136) • Approach new reading with an open mind • Know that some material requires extra effort • Define concepts not explained • See Mike’s resources • Choose the right setting • Select the right company • Select the right location • Select the right time • Deal with internal distractions
Setting the Stage (cont.) • Define your purpose for reading • Read for understanding • Read to evaluate critically • Read for practical application • read for pleasure • Match strategies to different areas of study • Expand your vocabulary
What about speed reading? • the jury is still out, so • consider your purpose • consider your comfort • evaluate your results • make your own decision
What is Active Reading • It is not passive! • It is interacting with your book • talking to it • questioning it • writing in it • making it work with you • Study Reading = Active Reading
The purpose of Study Reading • “… study reading is the most satisfying of all reading. All other forms serve a purpose, but only study reading changes you. … don’t underestimate the power of knowledge that you accumulate as course after course of information becomes part of you.” Study Smarter, Not Harder, p. 116
1. Map out your route read the chapter title examine table of contents look for summary or outline look for review or discussion questions read introductory & concluding sections or paragraphs read all major headings read all subheadings read the first sentence of each paragraph examine all graphics take 60 to 90 seconds to review and rehearse main points in the chapter and the important material contained in it. It’s best to do this in writing. Principles of Study Reading
2. Use a flexible method adapt previous steps 3. Be deliberate: do it right the first time 4. Be active activate prior knowledge question & conclude anticipate 5. Vary speed to suit purpose 6. Make the material part of you by making good notes: think about the material write in your own words write key words in margin underline or highlight key words only draw simple diagrams or graphs Principles continued . . .
7. Check your physical environment light temperature ventilation 8. Eliminate roving eye syndrome identify sources distraction, lapses in concentration, and where your eye travels use pacers for focus: finger, pen or pencil, ruler, recipe card 9. Consider your study time 10. Consolidate review, review, review Principles continued . . .
SQ3R survey question read recite review check out our text SQRW survey question read write Methods of study reading(making reading Active)
Methods of study reading(making reading Active) • SQRW Demo • SQRW Group Activity • break into groups • each group take a reading • decide, by group consensus, the heading, question, and answer • record
Text dense materials • Materials such as history, philosophy, some sociology texts and English novels • These typically will not have chapter outlines, summaries or review questions • Strategy? • Take good notes (see previous slides)
When reading is tough Read it again, Sam. Look for essential words. Hold a mini-review. Read it aloud. Use your instructors. Stand up. Find a tutor. Use another text. Pretend you understand, then explain it. Ask: what’s going on here? My favourite …Master Student tips (p. 124)
Be an Active Reader(ICPAC) • The handout outlines strategies such as SQ3R including tips on • strategic reading techniques • differences in reading textbooks, literature and poetry • organization of material • skimming • memorization
Mike’s tips • Talk to others - try their techniques • Talk to your professor - use his wisdom • Go for understanding - be resource full • “read with a dictionary in your lap” • collect reference materials (secondhand) • use the Net • use the Nipissing library online People will think you’re a genius - you are!
Mike’s Reading Resources Online • A web of Online Dictionaries - from English and history to medicine and psychology (over 120) • http://www.yourdictionary.com/ Includes • Specialty (medicine, psychology, education, mathematics...) • Vocabulary (thesauri, abbreviations, synonyms, quotations...) • Languages (French, Spanish, Arabic, Swahili...) • Online Libraries - including Project Gutenberg • http://www.gutenberg.org/ or • http://www.promo.net/pg/index.html • http://www.library.mun.ca/internet/ebooks.php • http://digital.library.upenn.edu/books/ (also a huge resource)
Electronic Readers • Electronic Readers - freebies http://helpread.net/ http://readplease.com/ http://naturalreaders.com • Electronic Reader (text to .wav or MP3) http://www.nextuptech.com/ *Note: electronic readers typically read .txt and .htm files. If you want to read your textbooks or handouts, you have to scan the pages and convert the image into text using OCR (optical character recognition) software.
Super Resources like . . . • Early Canadiana Online (ECO) • http://www.canadiana.org/ • Early Canadiana Online (ECO) is a digital library of primary sources in Canadian history from the first European contact to the early 20th century.The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of literature, women's history, travel and exploration, native studies and the history of French Canada. • Study Guides • http://freebooknotes.com/ • www.sparknotes.com/ • www.pinkmonkey.com/
More Internet Resources • Merriam-Webster Online (pronunciation feature)http://www.m-w.com • Mind Tools-Improving Reading Skills(info on speed reading & comprehension techniques)http://www.mindtools.com/pages/main/newMN_ISS.htm • James Cook University's Study Skills OnlineInteractive Effective Reading Workshop(check your reading speed)www.jcu.edu.au/studying/services/studyskills/effreading/ • Virginia Tech Online Resources for Readinghttp://www.ucc.vt.edu/stdysk/stdyhlp.html
Treasure-Hunting On The Internet (from text book) • The Internet Public Libraryhttp://www.ipl.org • The Library of Congresshttp://lcweb.loc.gov • Libweb-Public Libraries in the United Stateshttp://sunsite.Berkeley.Edu/Libweb/usa-pub.html • LibDex - Index to over 18,000 libraries http://www.libdex.com/
If you had read . . . • Waltzing Matilda - travelling, carrying a blanket roll • swagman - migrant farm worker • billabong - waterhole • Coolibah - Australian tree • billy - can to heat water for tea • jumbuck - sheep • tuckerbag - knapsack • squatter - rancher • trooper - sheriff Waltzing Matilda - A. B. “Banjo” Patterson, 1895
For Next Week… For next Wednesday’s class: read Chapter 7: Researching and Writing. meet here first to discuss the Library Assignment at 5 pm, we go to the library for our tour Any Questions?