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14th Edition of APPA Safety Manual Safety Manual Review of Changes

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    1. 14th Edition of APPA Safety Manual Safety Manual Review of Changes John H. Borowski, CIH, CSP

    2. April 2008 Page - 2

    3. April 2008 Page - 3 Changes to Safety Manual Format Why? Ease Search Characteristics Limit Redundancies Past Revisions Iterative Existing Edition 16 Sections Recommended Format 5 Sections

    4. April 2008 Page - 4 Changes to Safety Manual 5 Sections Section 1 - General Work Rules Section 2 - Health and Environmental Control Section 3 Chemical and Physical Hazard Control Section 4 Personal Protective Equipment Section 5 Electric Utility Operations

    5. April 2008 Page - 5 Section 1 General Work Rules Existing Section Intent to Clearly Present all General Broad-Based Rules All Former Section 100 Series Add First Aid Add Training

    6. April 2008 Page - 6 Section 2 Health and Environmental Control 201 Confined or Enclosed Spaces 202 Hazardous Energy Control/Lockout-Tagout (formerly Section 109) 203 Fall Protection (formerly Section 117) 204 Lighting 205 Exhaust Ventilation 206 Hours of Service 207 Fire Protection (formerly Section 5)

    7. April 2008 Page - 7 Section 3 Control of Chemical & Physical Hazards (New Section) 301 Material Handling and Storage (formerly Section 131) 302 Explosives (formerly Section 132) 303 Compressed Gasses (formerly Section 133) 304 Hazardous Materials (formerly Sections 201 and 1504) 305 Fuels and Lubricants (formerly Section 1508) 306 Noise (formerly Section 203) 307 Asbestos (formerly Section 205)

    8. April 2008 Page - 8 Section 3 Control of Chemical & Physical Hazards (New Section) 308 PCBs (formerly Section 612) 309 Acids and Caustics--Storage (formerly Section 1009) 310 Acids and Caustics--Handling (formerly Section 1010) 311 Acids and Caustics--General (formerly Section 1011) 312 Chlorine (formerly Section 1012) 313 Lead (formerly Section 1019) 314 Use of Herbicides and Other Chemicals (formerly Section 708)

    9. April 2008 Page - 9 Section 4 Personal Protective Equipment (New Section formed from many Sections) 401 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (formerly Section 209) 402 Eye and Face Protection (formerly Section 115) 403 Head Protection (formerly Section 119) 404 Wearing Apparel (formerly Section 120) 405 Clothing (formerly Section 114)

    10. April 2008 Page - 10 Section 4 Personal Protective Equipment (New Section formed from many Sections) 406 Supplemental Breathing Equipment (formerly Section 116) 407 Life Jackets (formerly Section 118) 408 Respirators (formerly Section 207) 409 Use and Care of Rubber Gloves (formerly Section 604)

    11. April 2008 Page - 11 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations (New Section) 501 Office Safety (formerly Section 12) 502 Warehouse Operations (formerly Section 16) 503 Vehicle Operations (formerly Section 3) 504 Vehicle Maintenance Operations (formerly Section 15) 505 Work Zone Safety (Traffic Control) (formerly Section 4) 506 Tools and Equipment (Formerly many Sections)

    12. April 2008 Page - 12 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations New Section (Cont.) 507 Overhead Distribution and Transmission (formerly Section 6) 508 Tree Trimming (formerly Section 7) 509 Underground Lines and Equipment (formerly Sections 8 & 9 Combined) 510 Generating Stations (formerly Section 10) 511 Communication Facilities (formerly Section 11)

    13. April 2008 Page - 13 Changes to Safety Manual Content Section 1 - General Work Rules (First Aid) Section 2 - Health and Environmental Control Fall Protection Hours of Service Section 3 - Chemical and Physical Hazard Control (No Changes) Section 4 Personal Protective Equipment Eye & Face Protection Clothing Use of Rubber Gloves

    14. April 2008 Page - 14 Changes to Safety Manual Content Section 5 Electric Utility Operations Section 507.1 - Working On or Near Exposed Energized Lines and Equipment Section 507.3 - Climbing and Working on Poles Section 507.13 GroundingGeneral Section 507.16 Setting and Removing Poles Section 507.19 Rope Section 508.1 Tree Trimming

    15. April 2008 Page - 15 Section 1 - General Work Rules Section 114 First Aid (Formerly Section 13) Clarifies how CPR and First Aid information is to be used Only by those properly trained.

    16. April 2008 Page - 16 Section 2 - Health and Environmental Control Section 203 Fall Protection (formerly Section 117): Employees working from aerial lifts shall wear full body harnesses with a shock-absorbing lanyard. Section 206 Hours of Service: Deleted Act from the Title

    17. April 2008 Page - 17 Section 3 Chemical and Physical Hazard Control No Content Changes

    18. April 2008 Page - 18 Section 4 Personal Protective Equipment Section 402 - Eye and Face Protection (formerly Section 115) - Increased attention to particulates, use of protective eyewear and clarifies conditions for use of dark lenses. Any time there is a possibility of electrical flash, or work activities generate airborne particulates, appropriate safety glasses shall be worn. If a worker may be exposed to an electrical hazard, all protective headwear, including prescription eyewear, must have an appropriate non-conductive rating When working in dark, cloudy conditions, or at night, clear safety glasses or those with transition type lenses shall be worn. Glasses with dark lenses shall not be worn in poor lighting conditions, before sunrise or after sunset

    19. April 2008 Page - 19 Section 4 Personal Protective Equipment Section 405 - Clothing (formerly Section 114) Clarifies proper use of FR Clothing. Long sleeves are recommended and shall be worn with sleeves rolled down in order to help reduce the amount of exposure to heat on the arms. An electrical safety hat with appropriate protective shield shall be worn when working on or near live parts where the possibility of an electric arc exists. The wearing of short pants when performing any type of electrical line work shall be prohibited.

    20. April 2008 Page - 20 Section 4 Personal Protective Equipment Section 410 - Use and Care of Rubber Gloves (formerly Section 604) Recommends use of rubber gloves when working on pole or other structure with energized lines. As a minimum requirement, gloves shall be put on before the employee comes within falling or reaching distance (based on the AC Live-Line Work Minimum Approach Distance as indicated in Table 6.1) of unprotected energized circuits or apparatus Deleted not less than 5 feet

    21. April 2008 Page - 21 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations Section 507 - Overhead Distribution and Transmission Section 507.1 - Working On or Near Exposed Energized Lines and Equipment Clarifies use of protective equipment. Provides updated NESC Tables (2007 Code) (b) When working on energized circuits of equipment where the voltage between any two conductors is more than 4 kV, the following minimum conditions shall be met in addition to all other rules governing the use of protective equipment. Employees shall be isolated from all grounds (wooden poles shall be considered as grounds in this case) by using approved supplementary insulation such as aerial baskets, a linesmans platform, or other approved insulated devices.

    22. April 2008 Page - 22 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations Section 507 - Overhead Distribution and Transmission Section 507.1 - Working On or Near Exposed Energized Lines and Equipment Clarifies use of protective equipment. o) The automatic reclosing feature of circuit interrupting devices shall be placed in non-automatic reclose mode before work begins, if moving, cutting, repairing or performing hands-on rubber glove methods.

    23. April 2008 Page - 23 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations Section 507.3 - Climbing and Working on Poles (d) When poles are encountered such that free climb is not appropriate (ice, badly chewed, wide cracks, shell rot, etc.), an alternate means of climbing should be considered (considerations may include belt around pole, fall arrest equipment and fall prevention systems) or the use of an aerial basket shall be considered e) Climbers shall be put on at the base of the pole and removed at the base of the pole unless gaffs are covered. (h) Only approved body belts, body harnesses, and straps shall be used. Employees shall adhere to the fall protection requirements outlined in Paragraph 203.

    24. April 2008 Page - 24 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations Section 507.13 GroundingGeneral New content clarifies requirement to use equal potential grounding when possible: (f) Grounding - Equal potential grounding is required whenever possible. When equal potential grounding is not possible, dual point grounding (bracket grounding) is acceptable. 1. Equal potential grounding is required when workers are working on or in close proximity to a structure, whether working from the structure (climbing) or from an aerial device. 2. If the line conductor is down on the ground or work is being performed from an aerial device in mid-span where no structure is in the immediate work area, dual point grounding (bracket grounding) may be utilized. When using dual point grounding, grounds shall be installed as close as practical to the work location and no further away than one span.

    25. April 2008 Page - 25 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations Section 507.13 GroundingGeneral New content clarifies requirement to bond lifting equipment, trucks etc. when working near energized equipment or lines: (k) Lifting equipment, bucket and material handling trucks, digger/derricks line trucks, shall be bonded to an effective ground or considered energized and barricaded when used near energized equipment or lines. Employers may elect to barricade lifting equipment, bucket and material handling trucks, digger/derricks line trucks, instead of bonding to the best available ground. In either case a physical barricade must be in place to keep employees or the general public from coming in contact with the equipment. When installing truck grounds, the employee installing the ground must use a hand line to raise and lower the ground.

    26. April 2008 Page - 26 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations Section 507.16 Setting and Removing Poles While setting or removing poles between or near conductors energized above 600 volts, observe the following: Ground wires shall not be attached on the pole being set or removed from an energized line higher than ten feet from the ground. Section 507.19 Rope Hand lines shall be a minimum of 1/2 inch diameter manila line or have a minimum breaking strength of inch diameter manila role (2650 lbs).

    27. April 2008 Page - 27 Section 5 Electric Utility Operations Section 508.1 Tree Trimming General (formerly Section 7) a) The qualified utility arborist in charge before the start of each job shall perform a job briefing. The briefing shall be communicated to all affected workers. An employee working alone does not need to conduct a job briefing. However, the employer shall ensure that the tasks are being performed as if a briefing were required. (ANSI-4.1.3) b) Chain saw-resistant foot / leg protection shall be worn by employees while operating a chain saw during ground operations. (See ANSI-133 4.2.8) c) Workers engaged in tree trimming operations shall wear head protection that conforms to ANSI Z89.1. Class E helmets shall be worn when working in proximity to electrical conductors, in accordance with ANSI Z89.1. Workers shall not place reliance on the dielectric capabilities of such helmets.

    28. April 2008 Page - 28 Safety Manual Format and Content Changes Safety Committee Roundtable: Wed (8:00 Noon) Opportunity to Participate in Final Decisions Questions?