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Pesticide Applicator’s Training GENERAL SAFETY: Core Manual Review PowerPoint Presentation
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Pesticide Applicator’s Training GENERAL SAFETY: Core Manual Review

Pesticide Applicator’s Training GENERAL SAFETY: Core Manual Review

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Pesticide Applicator’s Training GENERAL SAFETY: Core Manual Review

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  1. Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office July, 2002 Pesticide Applicator’s Training GENERAL SAFETY: Core Manual Review

  2. Govt. Agencies 10 points • Federal Department that administers OSHA • U.S. Department of Labor

  3. Govt. Agencies 20 points • Virginia’s state pesticide regulatory agency • Virginia Department ofAgriculture and Consumer Service (VDACS)

  4. Govt. Agencies 30 points • Federal agency that oversees pesticide registration, licensing, and application • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  5. Govt. Agencies 40 points • NIOSH • National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health

  6. Govt. Agencies 50 points • Enforces Endangered Species Act • US Fish & Wildlife

  7. Ground Water 10 points • First factorto consider before taking special steps to protect ground water and endangered species • LOCATION!

  8. Ground Water 20 points • Name 2 sources of water that can cause pesticides to move off target • RAIN WATER • IRRIGATION WATER

  9. Ground Water 30 points • Name 3 chemical characteristics that influence ground water contamination • SOLUBILITY (in water) • ADSORPTION (to soil particles) • PERSISTENCE (breakdown of the chemical)

  10. Ground Water 40 points • List 3 soil characteristics affecting pesticide movement into ground water supplies • TEXTURE (sand, silt, clay) • PERMEABILITY (H2O movement) • ORGANIC MATTER (carbon content)

  11. Ground Water 50 points • Name 4 ways pesticides can harm endangered species • DIRECT KILL • CONTAMINATE FOOD OR SHELTER • CONTAMINATE WATER SOURCE • ACCUMULATION IN FOOD CHAIN

  12. Off-Target Movement 10 points • Applicators can prevent VOLATILITY (VAPOR DRIFT) of pesticide by using... • NON - VOLATILE PESTICIDES ESPECIALLY IN HOT WEATHER

  13. Off-Target Movement 20 points • How can pesticide residues affect non-target areas or objects. • Contaminating PLANTS + ANIMALS • Pitting or Staining SURFACES

  14. Off-Target Movement 30 points • “Sensitive Areas” to consider when applying pesticides near where people live, work and play include: • HOMES • SCHOOLS • HOSPITALS • PLAYGROUNDS

  15. Off-Target Movement 40 points • How can you avoid Wind Drift? • APPLY IN NO WIND • APPLY IN EARLY am LATE pm • LOW PRESSURE APPLICATION • COARSE SPRAY / LARGE DROPLETS • APPLY CLOSE TO TARGET

  16. Off-Target Movement 50 points • What contributes to ground water contamination? • Use of soluble / leachable chemicals • Carelessness when applying near water • Carelessness when mixing / loading near water (ponds, well heads, etc.) • Spills!! • Leaking equipment and containers

  17. Harmful Effects 10 points • Define + explain MSDS • MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS • PHYSICAL + CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF PESTICIDES LISTED • LISTS PROPER CHEM. HANDLING • DETAILS PROPER EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  18. Name the type of pesticide exposure (dermal, oral, inhalation, ocular) Most Common Exposure DERMAL Applying + Eating Lunch ORAL + DERMAL Interior Application INHALATION Splash or rub eyes OCULAR Harmful Effects 20 points

  19. What type of Toxic Effect? (Delayed, Acute, Allergic, Chronic, Systemic, Developmental, Reproductive) Cancer/Tumors DELAYED + CHRONIC Forearm Rash next morning ACUTE Nervous System Disorder DELAYED + SYSTEMIC Burning skin on 1 applicator ALLERGIC Sterility/ Impotence DELAYED + REPRODUCTIVE Harmful Effects 30 points

  20. vomiting headaches nausea dry mouth sweating dizziness chills weakness chest pains confusion clammy skin difficulty breathing Harmful Effects 40 pointsWhich are symptoms of pesticide poisoning NOT heat stress?

  21. vomiting headaches nausea dry mouth sweating dizziness chills weakness chest pains confusion clammy skin difficulty breathing Harmful Effects 40 pointsWhich are symptoms of pesticide poisoning NOT heat stress?

  22. Harmful Effects 50 pointsList first aid for these pesticide poisonings • INHALATION (breathing) • get to fresh air, loosen clothes, mouth-to-mouth • DERMAL (skin) • drench skin/clothes with water, wash skin w/soap + water • OCULAR (eyes) • Flush w/ water for 15 minutes • ORAL (mouth) • rinse mouth w/ water, induce vomiting if label suggests

  23. Show & Tell 10 points • What’s wrong with this picture? • Suggest 2 corrections H2O Hose pesticide mix tank

  24. Show & Tell 20 points • Name the PPE item and explain its protective qualities • Respirator- Inhalation/Oral protection • Gloves- Dermal protection • Safety Goggles- Ocular protection • Hooded Coveralls- Dermal protection

  25. Show & Tell 30 points • Which applicator is applying termiticide in an attic, and which is applying herbicide to a landscaped bed? Why? A B

  26. Show & Tell 40 points • What PPE materials protect against water-soluble or dry-formulated pesticides? • PLASTIC RUBBER • What materials protect against solvents other than water? • BUTYL FOIL LAMINATE NITRILE

  27. Show & Tell 50 points • What’s wrong with this scenario? • Joe mixes a batch of herbicide and applies it • Joe goes home in coverall + rubber boots • Joe leaves the boots by the door and puts his coveralls in the family hamper • Joe washes all the clothes from the hamper together

  28. Pesticide Handling 10 points • What’s the first step any applicator should take before applying pesticides? • IDENTIFY THE PEST!

  29. Pesticide Handling 20 points • The label gives a range for the amount of pesticide to be mixed. Which rate would you use when…… Why? • ON A SAND GOLF TEE ? • LOWER RATE • ON AN AMENDED ORNAMENTAL BED ? • HIGHER RATE

  30. Pesticide Handling 30 points • How does temperature, sunlight & humidity influence pesticide / pest activity? • High temp. + Low Humidity • HIGHLY VOLATILE / PESTS ACTIVE • Cold Temp. • NON-VOLATILE / PEST INACTIVE • Warm Temp. • VOLATILE / PESTS ACTIVE

  31. FUMIGANT SYSTEMIC BAIT CONTACT Elimination of Botrytis in single greenhouse Rodent problem Reduction of boxwood leafminer Powdery Mildew on crepe myrtle Pesticide Handling 40 pointsMatch the best pesticide treatment for each pest problem

  32. SYSTEMIC BAIT CONTACT FUMIGANT Elimination of Botrytis in single greenhouse Rodent problem Reduction in boxwood leafminer Powdery Mildew on crepe myrtle Pesticide Handling 40 pointsMatch the best pesticide treatment for each pest problem

  33. All pesticides of the same formulation are compatible? Two chemicals are mixed creating a solid. The weather was too cold for application. A tank mix resulting in lumps or gelling was compatible. 2 pesticides are mixed & appear compatible. The application yields NO pest control. This is a SYNERGISTIC relationship. Pesticide Handling 50 pointsTRUE or FALSE?

  34. All pesticides of the same formulation are compatible? Two chemicals are mixed creating a solid. The weather was too cold for application. A tank mix resulting in lumps or gelling was compatible. 2 pesticides are mixed & appear compatible. The application yields NO pest control. This is a SYNERGISTIC relationship. Pesticide Handling 50 pointsTRUE or FALSE? FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE

  35. Program Created By Ms. Dawn M. Alleman - Extension Agent Environmental Horticulture/ANR Virginia Cooperative Extension Norfolk City Office 401 Colley Avenue Norfolk, VA 23507-1906 (757) 683-2816 / dalleman@vt.edu