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William Shakespeare The Shakespearean Experience. biography. Born in 1564 Died: April 23, 1616 His career was during the times in which Elizabeth I and James I were in throne. (ruled 1558-1625)

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  • Born in 1564
  • Died: April 23, 1616
  • His career was during the times in which Elizabeth I and James I were in throne. (ruled 1558-1625)
  • He began his career as an actor, writer, and part owner of the play company, Lord Chamberlain’s Men.
  • Wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets
  • His plays were performed in The Globe Theatre
the three main categories
The Three Main Categories
    • His plays consisted of:
    • Tragedies
    • Comedies
    • Histories
  • Examples:
  • Tragedies: Macbeth, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet
  • Comedies: A Midsummer Night’s Dream and The Winter’s Tale
  • Histories: King John, Richard II, and Henry V
  • Example of a Tragedy
  • Written in 1606 during James I ruling
  • Shortest and bloodiest of all his plays.
  • Shakespeare paid homage to the King’s Scottish lineage with Macbeth
elements of a tragedy
Elements of a Tragedy
  • Element # Juan: The Tragic Hero
    • There is usually only 1 tragic hero, except in love tragedies.
    • Only great men are Tragic Heroes
  • Qualities:
  • exceptional beings.
  • destructive
  • do not have to be “good”, but they usually are.
  • live for what seems to be a type of the mystery of the whole world.
  • Example of Tragic Heroes are: Hamlet and Macbeth
element numero two the tragic flaw
Element Numero Two: The Tragic Flaw
  • An obsessive flaw that leads to the downfall of the tragic hero/heroine.
  • Examples:
  • Ambition
  • Greed
  • Hunger for power
  • Manipulative
  • Hypocrisy
element 3 the tragic story
Element # 3: The Tragic Story
  • The tragic story leads up to, and includes, the unusual and exceptionally disastrous death of the hero.
  • Shakespeare’s tragic heroes are responsible and the center of their disasters and falls.
element 4 the abnormal the supernatural fate fortune chance
Element # 4: The Abnormal, The Supernatural, Fate/Fortune/Chance
  • Shakespeare occasionally presents abnormal conditions of the mind: insanity, hallucinations, etc.
  • The supernatural: ghosts and witches.
element 5 tragic conflicts
Element # 5: Tragic Conflicts
  • The action of the tragic hero is most often motivated by external and internal conflicts that keeps being added on to. (Snowball effect)
  • External Conflict
    • There are usually 2 people or 2 groups involved in conflict.
    • One is always the tragic hero.
  • Internal Conflict
    • Shakespeare’s tragic hero is at some point torn by inward struggle.
    • The conception of outer and inner struggle includes the action of “spiritual forces”.
element 6 the tragic pattern
Element # 6: The Tragic Pattern
  • The main character is presented to us as someone of power: a king, a prince, a general.
  • Then the obsessive flaw of the characteris presented within the first two acts.
  • Urgencies and conflicts begin to arise.
  • Misreading and rationalizations occur.
  • Murder, exile, alienation of enemies and allies are brought on by new conflicts.
  • Gradual isolation of the Tragic Hero.
element 7 tragic structure in the plays
Element # 7: Tragic Structure in the Plays

A tragedy represents a conflict which ends in disaster, which can be divided into 7 parts.

  • Exposition: The general atmosphere, time, place, main characters, and opening conditions of the play.
  • Initiating Incident: The event or action that starts the conflict and action of the play.
  • Rising Actions: This is a series of actions involving the hero usually covering more than one act.
  • Climax: distinct change occurs within the character
  • Falling Actions: The conflict between the protagonist and the antagonist becomes the essence of the play.
  • Moment of Final Suspense: It is the moment when things begin to look as if they will go the way of the protagonist again.
  • Catastrophe: This is the complete downfall of the protagonist, either through death or some other devastating circumstance.