Usii 6a
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USII – 6a. Technology extended progress into all areas of American life, including neglected rural areas. Improved Transportation (The Automobile) Led to:. Greater __________: Mobility. Creation of _______: Jobs Henry Fords assembly line.

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Usii 6a
USII – 6a

  • Technology extended progress into all areas of American life, including neglected rural areas.


Improved transportation the automobile led to
Improved Transportation (The Automobile) Led to:

  • Greater __________:

  • Mobility

  • Creation of _______:

  • Jobs

    • Henry Fords assembly line


  • Movement to ________ areas

  • Suburban


Communication changes
Communication Changes construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Increased availability of ______________

  • Telephones

  • Development of the radio (role of _______) and broadcast industry (role of ___________)

  • Guglielmo Marconi

  • David Sarnoff

  • Development of the movies


Electrification
Electrification construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Labor-saving products (e.g.,_______, electric stoves,_______pumps)

  • Washing Machines

  • Water


Electrification1
Electrification construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Electric _________

  • Lighting

  • Entertainment (e.g.,________)

  • Radio


Invention of the airplane the brothers
Invention of the Airplane: construction, oil, steel, automobile)THE _________BROTHERS

  • Wright


Assembly line
Assembly Line - ________________ construction, oil, steel, automobile)

Henry Ford


Usi 6b
USI – 6b construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Reforms in the early 20th century could not legislate how people behaved.

  • Economic conditions and violence led to the migration of people.


Prohibition
Prohibition construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Prohibition was imposed by a _____________ ______________ that made it illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages.

  • Constitutional Amendment


As a result
As a result: construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink ______ ___________________

  • Alcoholic beverages

  • _________________ smuggled illegal alcohol and promoted organized crime

  • Bootleggers

  • Prohibition was repealed by the ______ Amendment.

  • 21st


The great migration north
The Great Migration North construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Jobs for ________________in the South were scarce and low paying.

  • African Americans

  • African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the__________.

  • South

  • African Americans moved to northern cities in search of better_____________________.

  • Employment Opportunities

  • African Americans also faced discrimination and violence in the_________.

  • North


Usii 6c
USII – 6c construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • The 1920’s and 1930’s were important decades for American art, literature and music.



Literature

Novelist who wrote about the Jazz age of the 1920’s- Southwest –

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Literature


Literature1

A novelist who portrayed the strength of poor migrant workers during the 1930’s-

John Steinbeck

Literature


Music

Composers who wrote uniquely American music – workers during the 1930’s-

Aaron Copland

George Gershwin

Music


The harlem renaissance
The workers during the 1930’s-Harlem Renaissance

  • Harlem - is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan, long known as a major African American cultural and business center.

  • Renaissance - A revival of intellectual or artistic achievement and vigor


Harlem renaissance
Harlem Renaissance workers during the 1930’s-

  • The Harlem Renaissance was a period of African American artistic achievement during the 1920’s and 1930’s in Harlem, New York


Painter workers during the 1930’s-who chronicled the experiences of the Great Migration North through art –

Jacob Lawrence


Literature2

Poet who combined the experiences of African and American cultural roots –

Langston Hughes

Literature


Music1

Famous jazz composers cultural roots –

Duke Ellington

Louis Armstrong

Blues singer –

Bessie Smith

Music


Usii 6d
USII – 6d cultural roots –

  • The optimism of the 1920’s concealed problems in the American economic system and attitudes about the role of government in controlling the economy

  • The Great Depression had a widespread and severe impact on American life.


Causes of the great depression

People _________on stocks, using borrowed money that they could not repay when stock prices crashed.

Overspeculated

SPECULATION-putting money in a high risk investment with the hope of making a profit

Causes of the Great Depression


The could not repay when stock prices crashed. ___________failed to protect the banking system

Federal Reserve

FEDERAL RESERVE– the central banking system of the U.S.


High _______ strangled international trade could not repay when stock prices crashed.

Tariffs

TARIFF - is a tax imposed on goods when they are moved across a political boundary


Impact on americans

A large number of banks and ___________ could not repay when stock prices crashed.failed

Businesses

Impact on Americans


________ could not repay when stock prices crashed.of workers were unemployed

1/4th or 25%


Large numbers of people were hungry and___________ could not repay when stock prices crashed.

Homeless

Lived in Hoovervilleswhich were cardboard or wooden shacks



Major features of the new deal
Major Features of the New Deal to much which drove prices down.

  • The New Deal was developed by President Roosevelt







The new deal
The New Deal farmers to produce less.

  • The New Deal was ____________plan to use government programs to help the nation recover from The _________________

  • FDR’s

  • Great Depression


Usii 7a world war ii
USII – 7a: World War II farmers to produce less.

  • Political and economic conditions in Europe following WWI led to the rise of __________ and to WWII.

  • Fascism

  • The rise of fascism threatened peace in Europe and __________.

  • Asia

  • As conflict grew in Europe and Asia, American foreign policy evolved from ____________ to direct involvement.

  • Neutrality/Isolationism


1 causes of world war ii
1. Causes farmers to produce less.of World War II

  • A. Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from WWI

    • 1. Worldwide

      • Depression

    • 2. High war debt owed by

      • Germany

    • 3. High

      • Inflation

    • 4. Massive

      • Unemployment


  • Rise of Fascism farmers to produce less.

  • Fascism is a political philosophy in which total power is given to a _______________ and individual freedoms are denied

  • Dictator


Rise of fascism
Rise of Fascism farmers to produce less.

  • Fascist dictators included:

    • 1. Adolph Hitler (Germany)


2 benito mussolini italy
2. farmers to produce less.Benito Mussolini (Italy)


3 hideki tojo japan
3. farmers to produce less.Hideki Tojo (Japan)

● These fascist dictators led the countries that became known as the _______ Powers

Axis


The allies
The Allies farmers to produce less.

  • Democratic nations (The United States, Great Britain, ______________) were known as the ____________.

    • Canada

    • Allies

  • The Soviet Union joined the Allies after being invaded by ______________

    • Germany


Allies
Allies farmers to produce less.

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (United States at the beginning of the war)


Allies1
Allies farmers to produce less.

  • Harry S. Truman (United States at the end of the war)


Allies2
Allies farmers to produce less.

  • Winston Churchill (Great Britain)


Allies3
Allies farmers to produce less.

  • Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)


Change in american policy
Change in American Policy farmers to produce less.

  • ______________ (Great Depression, Legacy of WWI)

  • Neutrality/Isolationism


Change in american policy1
Change in American Policy farmers to produce less.

  • Economic aid to _______________

  • Allies


Change in american policy2
Change in American Policy farmers to produce less.

  • Direct Involvement in the war


War in the pacific
War In the Pacific farmers to produce less.

  • Rising tension developed between the U.S. and Japan because of Japanese aggression in___________

  • East Asia


War in the pacific1
War In the Pacific farmers to produce less.

  • On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the U.S. at _________________

  • Pearl Harbor without warning


War in the pacific2
War In the Pacific farmers to produce less.

  • The U.S. Declared war on _______________

  • Japan

  • Who declared war on the U.S?

  • Germany


Usii 7b
USII – 7b farmers to produce less.

  • Despite initial Axis success in both Europe and the Pacific, the Allies persevered and ultimately defeated Germany and Japan.

  • The Holocaust is an example of extreme prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme.


Europe

Germany invaded __________ setting of war in Europe. farmers to produce less.

Poland

The Soviet Union also invaded Poland and the Baltic Nations

Europe


Europe1
Europe farmers to produce less.

  • Germany invaded France, capturing ______________

  • Paris


Europe2
Europe farmers to produce less.

  • Germany bombed London and the ______ _____________ began

  • Battle of Britain


Europe3
Europe farmers to produce less.

  • The United States gave ____________ war supplies and old naval warships in return for military bases in Bermuda and the _____________

  • Britain

  • Caribbean


Europe4
Europe farmers to produce less.

  • Germany invaded the _________________

  • Soviet Union


Europe5
Europe farmers to produce less.

  • After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, ________ declared war on the United States

  • Germany


Europe6
Europe farmers to produce less.

  • The Soviet Union defeated Germany at _____________, marking the turning point of the war in Eastern Europe

  • Stalingrad


Europe7
Europe farmers to produce less.

  • American and Allied troops landed in __________, on D-Day to begin the liberation of Western Europe

  • Normandy, France


Pacific
Pacific farmers to produce less.

  • ____________ bombed Pearl Harbor

  • Japan


Pacific1
Pacific farmers to produce less.

  • The U.S. declared war on __________, (and _______________).

  • Japan

  • Germany


Pacific2
Pacific farmers to produce less.

  • The United States was victorious over Japan in the ________________. This victory was the turning point of the war in the Pacific.

  • Battle of Midway


Pacific3
Pacific farmers to produce less.

  • A. The United States dropped 2 atomic bombs on Japan, (_______________ and _______________) in 1945, forcing Japan to surrender and ending WWII.

  • Hiroshima

  • Nagasaki


Holocaust
Holocaust farmers to produce less.

  • _______________ is attitudes or actions against Jewish people

  • Anti-Semitism


Holocaust1
Holocaust farmers to produce less.

  • _________ Supremacy is the belief that the blonde hair, blue eyed, white race is above everyone else

  • Aryan


Holocaust2
Holocaust farmers to produce less.

  • Systematic attempt to rid Europe of all the __________.

  • Jews


The germans could use the following tactics against the jews
The Germans could use the following tactics against the Jews:

  • ____________of Jewish stores

  • Boycott

  • Threats

  • ____________

  • segregation

  • Imprisonment and killing of Jews and others in _________ _________________

  • Concentration Camps

  • Liberation by ________ of Jews and others in concentration camps

  • Allied forces


Usii 7c
USII – 7c Jews:

  • WWII affected every aspect of American life

  • Americans were asked to make sacrifices in support of the war effort and the ideas for which we fought.


Home front
Home Front Jews:

  • American involvement in WWII brought an end to the __________________. Factories and workers were needed to produce goods to win the war.

  • Great Depression


Home front1
Home Front Jews:

  • Thousands of American women took jobs in defense plants during the war (e.g., ____________).

  • Rosie the Riveter


Home front2
Home Front Jews:

  • Americans at home supported the war by conserving and rationing __________

  • Resources


Home front3
Home Front Jews:

  • The need for more workers temporarily broke down some ____________ barriers (e.g., hiring in defense plants) although discrimination against ________________still continued.

  • Racial

  • African Americans


Home front4
Home Front Jews:

  • While many Japanese Americans served in the armed forces, others were treated with distrust and prejudice, and many were forced into _______________.

  • Internment Camps


Review
Review Jews:

  • Despite initial Axis success in both Europe and the Pacific, the Allies persevered and ultimately defeated ________ and _________.

  • Germany

  • Japan

  • Who were the Allies?

  • U.S., Great Britain, Canada, and the Soviet Union

  • The _____________ is an example of prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme.

  • Holocaust

  • WWII affected every aspect of ____________.

  • American Life

  • Americans were asked to make ____________ in support of the war effort and the ideas for which we fought.

  • Sacrifices


What is
What is…? Jews:

  • Anti-Semitism –

    • Hostility toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism

  • Aryan Supremacy –

    • The belief that the Aryan race (Caucasian, Blonde-hair, blue-eyed Northern Europeans) are better than other human races (especially, in regards to the Jewish race).

  • Boycott –

    • to abstain from buying or using


Where is are
Where is/are…? Jews:

  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki –

    • Cities in Japan

  • Midway –

    • Island in the Pacific between Hawaii and Japan

  • Normandy –

    • City located on the northern coast (beaches) of France


Usii 8a
USII – 8a Jews:

  • Learning from the mistakes of the past, the United States accepted its role as a world superpower, helping to rebuild Europe and Japan and taking the leading role in establishing the United Nations


United states role as a world leader
United States Role as a World Leader Jews:

  • Much of Europe was in ruins following World War II. ________________ occupied most of Eastern and Central Europe and the eastern portion of _______________.

  • The Soviet Union

  • Germany

  • The U.S. felt it was in its best interest to rebuild ______________ and prevent political and economic instability.

  • Europe


Rebuilding efforts
Rebuilding Efforts Jews:

  • The U.S. instituted George C. Marshall’s plan to rebuild Europe (the ______________), which provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism.

  • Marshall Plan


Germany was partitioned into east and west germany
Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany Jews:

  • West Germany became ____________ and resumed self government after a few years of American, _______, and _______ occupation.

  • Democratic

  • British

  • French


Germany was partitioned into east and west germany1
Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany Jews:

  • East Germany remained under the domination of the ______________ and did not adopt democratic institutions

  • Soviet Union


Rebuilding japan
Rebuilding Japan Jews:

  • Following its defeat, Japan was occupied by ___________ forces.

  • American

  • It soon adopted a _____________ form of government, resumed self government, and became a strong ally of the _______________.

  • Democratic

  • United States


Establishment of the united nations
Establishment of the United Nations Jews:

  • The United Nations was formed near the end of WWII to ____________ ___________________.

  • Prevent future global wars


Reasons for rapid growth of american economy after wwii
Reasons for Rapid Growth of American Economy After WWII Jews:

  • With ________of consumer goods over, business converted from production of ___ __________ to consumer good

    • Rationing

    • War Materials


  • Americans purchased goods Jews:on_________.

    • Credit

  • The workforce shifted back to men, and most women returned to ______ responsibilities

    • Family


  • Labor unions Jews:________and became more powerful; workers gained new benefits and higher salaries.

    • Merged

  • As economic opportunity continued and technology boomed, the next generation of ________entered the workforce in large numbers.

    • Women