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unit 20 humour Dustin Hoffman Charlie Chapline Mr bean Pre-reading Photo 1: The comic of the 1930s “ Laurel and Hardy”. They are funny because they are opposites.
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Dustin Hoffman Charlie Chapline Mr bean
Pre-reading Photo 1: The comic of the 1930s “ Laurel and Hardy”. They are funny because they are opposites. Photo 2: Mr . Bean he is funny because he makes funny faces, he acts silly, he seems to be quite stupid , and he does are strange. Photo 3: Dustin Hoffman is funny because he likes crossing dressing. He acts the role of a woman in the film Toosie , and his performance is really good. Photo 4; Ma ji, he is funny because his crosstalk shows always make people roar with laughter.
Why is Dustin Hoffman so famous? • He is famous for his works • He is famous for his foreign accent. • He is famous for his role D. He is good at playing. • 2. What does a “sketch” mean in the text? • A rough, quickly made drawing. • General outline. • Short , humorous play. D.A piece of writing. • 3. Comedians and players in a comedy are similar in ____. • Their way of playing with words. • Clothes C. Cross-dressing. D. Foreign accent. C C A
A • 3.Choose the main idea of each paragraph of Reading Text 1. • A. Description of a clown. • B. What’s a crosstalk show. • C. The traditional crosstalk show. • D. Description of comedians. • E. The writers of comedies both at home and abroad. • A. 1-e, 2-a, 3-d, 4-b, 5-c B. 1-e, 2-d, 3-c, 4-a, 5-b • C. 1-a, 2-e, 3-d, 4-b, 5-c D. 1-e, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d, 5-c
4. Why have crosstalk shows been popular with people? Which of the following is not the reason? • A. They make people not only laugh, but also think about life. • B. They have two speakers. • C. The richness of the spoken language is made full use of. • D. Their talk includes rhythm and rhyming words. B
Reading • Answer the following questions: • 1. How long has the tradition of cross existed in China. • 2. Give three examples of techniques that writers of comedies often use to make people laugh. • 3. Why are some Shakespeare’s comedies not so funny for us? More than 2,000 years Cross—dressing/stereotypes/word play We don’t understand the language and word play that he used
1. What’s comedy? About comedy(p1) Cross dressing men or women Stereotypes of nationalities or people speak with a foreign accent 2. techniques Play on words Laughing Matter 1. Act alone or as a pair Don’t use any words About clowns(p2) 2. techniques Use their clothes, make-up and the way they walk etc.
1. Walk alone or a pair About comedians(p3) Body language and their face 2.techniques Act out a situation-a sketch Use word play 1.Work in pairs 2.Long history (more than 2400 years) Dress up a little or act out smallsketches About Chinese crosstalk show (comedian)(p4-5) Use rhythm and rhythming words 3. techniques Use tongue twisters
Acting out stereotypes…… --ing used as subject Seeing is believing. • Playing football is very interesting. • Teaching English is my job. • Learning a foreign language is very useful to you Today students of English, even if English is their…… Even if….. We will go, even if it rains. He will come, even if he is ill. Even though it is hard work , I enjoy it.
What comedians have in common with the plays in a comedy is their way of….. • Have ….in common with 和…有共同之处 • I haven’t a thing in common with him. • Out of the common异乎寻常，不平常． • He had noticed nothing out of the common. • 他没有发现异乎寻常的事．
A few minutes later…..,listening and thinking about the comedian’s words. • listening and thinking…..ing 作伴随状语，表示同步于句子谓语的动作． Singing a pop song in a low voice, the girl came into the yard. The old man sat by the window, reading a newspaper He sat in the classroom, looking out of the windows
Typical for china is the crosstalk show , where a pair of ……. • They arrived at a house, in front of which sat a small boy. • In a lecture hall of an university in England sits a professor.
date back to可追溯到．．．是．．．时代开始有的． • This town dates back to Roman times. • 这个小镇的历史可追溯到罗马时期 • This manuscript dates back to the 18th century. • 这个手迹是十八世纪的 • date back to =date from从...时就有, 回溯到, 远在...(年代) • This custom dates from the seventeenth century. • Jane likes collecting stamps very much. In fact, her interest in it ___her school days. • A. dated back to B. dates back to C. dates back from D. dated back from • 这一风俗习惯在十七世纪就存在了． • A flow of • Cut off the flow of oil 切断石油输送 • The constant flow of information源源不断的信息 B
---Ing used as Attribute • the working people • an interesting crosstalk • an exciting event • the rising sun • the coming week • a flying kite • the dancing girl 劳动人民 有趣的相声 激动人心的事件 升起的太阳 下周 翱翔的风筝 舞女 Do page 54 Grammar 1
---Ing used as Attribute • 1.The man sitting on the platform is a professor from Wuhan University. • 2. Who is the man walking along the river. • 3. The old lady talking to the children is a famous musician. • 4. The man with sun-glasses standing near a car is a police. Do page 54 Grammar 2
I heard her singing in her room. • We watch the children playing in the playground. • I saw a dog carrying a piece of meat and entering your garden. • I felt the house shaking. • I saw the naughty boy hitting the dog. • I’ll have the car waiting at the entrance. • I smell something burning. • Can you getting the clock going again. Feel/find/hear/smell/watch/notice/look at/ listen to/have/get/keep/leave+sb(sth)+dong Do page 54 Grammar 3
B. • 1. make fun of /laugh at sb’s appearance and his or her way of dressing • 2. dating back to the Qin Dynasty • 3. watch these old man playing cards • 4. the couple next door quarrelling all the night. • 5. a boy entering your garden and picking some flowers.
A washing machine a swimming pool • A writing desk a waiting room • A dancing hall reading materials • Writing paper an opening speech • A dressing mirror building materials • A bathing cap drinking water • A changing/dressing room a training class a sleeping car an operating table • Smiling face a hiding place
1. bitter 2.intend • 3. western / tradition 4. certain • 5.type/typical/stereotype • 6. art/artist 7. rapid 8. richness
A • 1. The ____ boy was last seen___near the East Lake.(2000Shanghai) • A. missing, playing B. missing, play • C. missing, played D. missed, to play • 2. Do you know the boy____ under the big tree. • A. lay B. lain C. laying D. lying • 3. Seeing the sun___ above the surface of the sea, we let out a shout of joy. • A. to rise B. to raise C. rising D. raising • 4. _____ the last bus means walking home. • A. Miss B. missed C. Missing D. If missing D C C
C • 1. I work in a business ____ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. • A. how B. which C. where D. that • 2. Turn on the television or open a magazine and you _____ advertisements showing happy families. • A. will often see B. often see • C. are often seeing D. have often seen • 3. For a long time they walked without ___ word. Jim was the first to break _____ silence. • A. the, a B. a, the C. a ,/ D. the, / A B
B • 4. You were silly not ____ your car. • A. to luck B. to have locked • C. locking D. having locked • 5. ----I hear Jane has gone to the Holy Island for her holiday. • ----oh, how nice ! Do you know when she ____? • A. was leaving B. had left C. has left D. left D
C • 1. Which of the following is not mentioned in the text?_______ • A. The writer was on her way to an interview. • B. she braked hard and hit another cyclist. • C. she shouted at the driver of a yellow car. • D. The driver of the yellow car was angry with her for being so rude. • 2. The driver of the yellow car turned out to be_____. • A. the boss of the office. • B. the manager of the company.幻灯片 29 • C. one of her friends. • D. the man with whom she would have to work together. B
C • 3. What does she mean by the sentence “the last time we met I did most of the talking” • A. You listened to me last time we met. • B. I’ll listen to you this time. • C. I shall say nothing about the accident. • D. I think you must be angry with me. • 4. Which of the following can be used as another title for Reading Text 2? • A. An Accident B. An Interview • C. Tell Him What You Think of Him • D. A Kind Manager • 5. From Text 2 , we can conclude that the manager was _____ • A. a careless driver B. selflish • C. tolerant (宽容的) D. determined C C
Look on sb/sth as sb/sth将某人／事看作他人／事 • I look on him as a promising pianist./She looks on me as a child. • The interview went very well. • go 进展，进行 • But thing do not go according to plan. • 但是形势并没有按计划发展． • Every goes well with me.一切对我来说都很顺． • When his work wasn’t going right, he was restless. • 当工作不顺利的时候，他感到烦躁不安． • Be angry with me for having been so rude. • Having produced many kinds of machines, the works got much money. • Having finished our homework, we went home. • Having been translated into many languages, the book became very popular. • Having been criticized by the teacher, Li Ming gave up smoking.
Miniskirt/bus • International/interview • Superstar/supermarket/superspeed P54 word study/p115 grammar 1, 2
1.Still, I don’t think everybody will find my kind of humour funny. • Still尽管那样, 然而 • Although she felt ill, she still went to work. • He has treated you badly; still, he is your friend and you should help him. • 2.Jokes about ……,always work. • Work 产生预期的结果或作用 • Did the cleaning fluid work (on that stain)? • My plan worked, and I got them to agree. • Stories always work with children.
Hardly…..when • No sooner……..than • He had hardly left home when it began to snow • Hardly had he left home when it began to snow • He had no sooner left home than it began to snow • No sooner had he left home than it began to snow
Intend to do sth /doing sth 打算做某事 • I intended to come to your house last night but it rained. • I intend coming /to come. • Intend sb to do sth
EX1.p114 • 1.couple 2. laughter 3. confuse 4. circus • 5.stage 6. humour 7. accent 8. brake • Ex2. • 1. drive off 2. look on….as 3. make fun of • 4. a couple of 5. intended to
D • 1. How do people send each other message? • A. only by words. B. Only by body language • B. By neither words nor body language • D. By both words and body language • 2. Which of the following is NOT true according to the text ? • A. In every country making eye contact is a way to show that one is interested. • B. The gesture for OK means money in Japan • C. In France, the gesture for OK means zero • D. In Brazil, the gesture for OK is rude • 3. What does the “ crazy” gesture mean in Brazil? • A. It means “great” B. It means “number one” • C. It means “you have a phone call” D. It means “rude” A C
B A • 4. In which country does nodding “yes”? • A. Iran B. China C. Bulgaria D. parts of Greece • 5. People in France often greet each other with___. • A. a kiss B. a film C. a loving embrace D. a blow • 6. If a person is hungry, perhaps he will_____. • A. press his palms together. • B. rest his head on the back of his hand • C. rub his stomach before a meal • D. rub his stomach after a meal C
A • 7. Which of the following can serve as the topic sentence of the passage? • A. Body language differs from culture to culture. • B. People send messages not only by words • C. Body language is important in our daily life • D. Smile plays an important part in our life • 8.Which can be used as another title for the text? • A. Body language B. Gestures • C. Smiles D. Movements A
B • 9. From the text we can conclude that____. • A. we should use body language as often as possible • B. we should be careful about body language • C. we should never use body language • D. body language is more important than words • 10.What does the word “down” mean in the last sentence of the passage? • A. from a higher place to a lower place • B. from an earlier time to a later time • C. from an inland place to the coast • D. (being) beaten in the struggle of life D
While 虽然，尽管 • While I admit his good points, I can see still his shortcomings • 然而／却 • Jane was dressed in red while Mary was dressed in blue. • 当．．．的时候，和．．同时 • He fell asleep while he was doing his homework. • Get through (设法)做或完成某事 • I’ve got a lot of correspondence today. • Let’s start ; there ‘ s a lot of work to get through. • He got through his final exam easily. • I called all day.but I just couldn’t get through. • 撕下／摧毁 • The old houses have been turned down. • He tore the notice down from the wall.
Thumd/index finger (forefinger)/middle finger/ring finger/little finger • Shaking your fist at someone is a way of saying that you are very angry. • At 向，朝，以－为目标（对象） • She opened the door and stood there, staring at me. • He threw a stone at the dog.
2.Hip : swimming your hips is a way of saying you are happy or in a good mood • Pushing your hips to the left or the right can be a way to push people out of your way. • 3.Thumb: putting your thumb up to express that you like sth. • Biting your thumb to show strong dislike • Sticking your thumb out from an extended arm to ask for a ride.
4.Index finger: pointing your finger to scold someone • Turning your palm up and bending your finger toward you to ask someone to come or follow you. • Putting your finger to your lips to ask someone to be quiet or whisper. • Tapping your finger to your head to tell someone to think carefully.
5.Cheek : kissing you on the check to show affection or to greet someone • Slapping someone’s check to express your anger at being insulted • Scratching your check with your fingers to show that you are confused. • 6.Palm: putting your hands out in front of you with your palms up to beg or ask for sth • Putting both your hands out at your sides and palms up to show you don’t know sth • Putting palms against your checks to show surprise or shock.
Match the following words about body movements with the correct definition. Word Definition Nod Hug Bow Press Pat Rub • To put your arms around sb • To bend forward • To tap someone gently with the open hand • To press sth against sth else and move it • To move the head up and down • To push against sth
Waving one’s hands Shaking one’s head or hand Same as in the Us Open eyes and mouth wide Same as in the Us No Chinese gesture No Chinese gesture Moving hand up and down with the palm facing down