The Enlightenment in Europe . Can reasonable laws apply to human behavior?. Tow views on government. Hobbes – people are naturally selfish and an absolute monarchy is needed to create order and obedience
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Can reasonable laws apply to human behavior?
Hobbes thought people were selfish and nastyTwo Philosophers from England (lookin’ good)
Used satire to combat ignorance
Often targeted the clergy, the aristocracy and the government
Liked the English government
Fought for tolerance, reason, freedom of speech and freedom of religion
“crush the evil thing!” was the way he ended his letters. Weird, huh?Voltaire combats intolerance
Rousseau thought civilization corrupted people
Advocated direct democracyMontesquieu and Rousseau
Wanted torture and capital punishment abolished
Punishment should fit the crime
Influenced modern criminal law reform in Europe and North AmericaBeccaria promotes criminal justice
Enlightenment = big deal b/c people examined such principles as the divine right of monarchs, the union of church and state and unequal social classes and found them unreasonable
Many thoughts impacted French and American Revolutions and our current views on politicsImpact of the Enlightenment