Indigenous and Imported Traditions in Japan. Jeffrey L. Richey, Ph.D. REL 232 Religions of China and Japan Berea College Fall 2004. EARLY JAPAN (4500 BCE-550 CE). Origins of Japanese people: unknown, probably multiple, perhaps related to Koreans and Manchurians
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Jeffrey L. Richey, Ph.D.
Religions of China and Japan
710-794: Nara period – unified imperial rule established; Buddhism endorsed by Nara court; earliest Shintô texts (Kojiki 古事記 [Record of Ancient Matters], Nihongi日本記 [Chronicles of Japan] composed
794-1192: Heian period – imperial capital moved to Kyoto; Pure Land and Chan (Zen) Buddhism introduced
1192-1338: Kamakura period – imperial power eclipsed by rule of shogun將軍(military dictator); dramatic growth for Buddhism
1338-1571: Muromachi (Ashikaga) period – declining stability of shogun rule; endemic civil war; Portuguese bring Christianity
1571-1868: Tokugawa (Edo) period – feudal society under shogun; persecution of Christianity; popularity of neo-Confucianism; Shintô develops independent religious identityPRE-MODERN JAPANESE RELIGIOUS HISTORY