meiji restoration n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Meiji Restoration PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Meiji Restoration

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

Meiji Restoration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 213 Views
  • Uploaded on

Meiji Restoration. Mr. Millhouse AP World History Spring 2006. Internal Problems. By early 19 th century, Japanese society was in turmoil Declining agricultural productivity Periodic crop failures, famine, and starvation Harsh taxes on peasants Samurai and daimyo are in debt to merchants

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Meiji Restoration' - oshin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
meiji restoration

Meiji Restoration

Mr. Millhouse

AP World History

Spring 2006

internal problems
Internal Problems
  • By early 19th century, Japanese society was in turmoil
    • Declining agricultural productivity
    • Periodic crop failures, famine, and starvation
    • Harsh taxes on peasants
    • Samurai and daimyo are in debt to merchants
    • West arrives demanding trade with Japan
challenge of the west
Challenge of the West
  • Arrival of Matthew Perry (1853)
    • Unequal Treaties
      • Similar to the treaties signed by the Qing dynasty
    • Perry’s “Black Ships” steam into Tokyo Bay
    • Force the Japanese to establish trade and diplomatic relations with the U.S.

Japanese depiction of Admiral Matthew Perry

internal conflict
Internal Conflict
  • Shogunate’s deals with West viewed as dishonorable
    • Popular slogan: “Revere the emperor, expel the barbarians”
  • Demands for reform include lowering of rice prices and expulsion of foreign “barbarians”
  • Two minor wars between supporters of emperor and supporters of the shogun
    • January 3, 1868, the last shogun abdicated and the shogunate was destroyed
modernization meiji restoration
Modernization: Meiji Restoration
  • Abolish feudal order
    • Administrative districts replace feudal domains
    • Daimyo removed from power
    • Samurai class is abolished
  • Constitutional government
    • Constitution of 1889 based on German model
      • Establishes constitutional monarchy with legislature
    • Emperor commanded armed forces, named prime minister, and appoint the cabinet
modernization meiji restoration1
Modernization: Meiji Restoration
  • Constitutional government (con’d)
    • Recognized individual rights
      • Could limit rights in the interest of the state
    • Suffrage limited
      • Only 5% of population could vote in 1890 election
  • Japanese industrialization
    • Modernize transportation, communication, and education
    • Sold government businesses to private investors
modernization meiji restoration2
Modernization: Meiji Restoration
  • Japanese industrialization (con’d)
    • Creation of zaibatsu
      • Combination of state initiative and private investment
      • Consolidates economic power into the hands of a few powerful families
      • Many companies started by men of samurai origins
social developments
Social Developments
  • No reforms to ease burdens on rural population
  • Massive population growth
    • Strained resources and kept labor costs low
  • Role of women
    • Maintain inferiority of women in the home
    • High-school education for women (1899)
    • Silk industry relied upon women working in factories
japanese imperialism
Japanese Imperialism
  • Sino-Japanese War
    • Japan gains influence over Korea
  • Russo-Japanese War
    • Japan’s navy leads to victory over Russia
  • Japan annexes Korea in 1910