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The Meiji Restoration. Issues of the 1860s. Adjustments to treaties and international trade Silver drain Strengthening of Satsuma and Choshu Presence of foreigners Richardson Affair, 1862 Bombardment of Kagoshima, 1863

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issues of the 1860s
Issues of the 1860s
  • Adjustments to treaties and international trade
    • Silver drain
  • Strengthening of Satsuma and Choshu
  • Presence of foreigners
    • Richardson Affair, 1862
    • Bombardment of Kagoshima, 1863
    • Choshu bombardment of ships in Straits of Shimonoseki, 1863; retaliation 1864
issues of the 1860s cont
Issues of the 1860s (cont.)
  • Growing prestige of Imperial court
    • Kobu gattai - union of Court and bakufu
  • Antiforeignism
    • Sonno joi - revere the Emperor, expel the barbarians
  • Foreign political interference
    • French in Edo - Leon Roches
    • British in Satsuma and Choshu - Harry Parkes
the restoration movement
The Restoration movement
  • Assassination of Ii Naosuke, March 1860
  • Leadership of Satsuma and Choshu Han
    • Bakufu failure to subdue them
  • France and Britain take sides
  • New Emperor (Meiji), February 1867
  • Shogun Tokugawa Keiki resigns, November 1867
    • Satsuma and Choshu want more - lands and defenses
  • Seizure of Imperial Palace, January 3, 1868
  • Restoration wars
    • Toba Fushimi, January 1868
    • Tokugawa Navy holdouts, surrender June 1869
leading personalities of the meiji restoration
Leading personalities of the Meiji Restoration
  • Choshu
    • Kido Koin (1833-1877)
    • Ito Hirobumi (1841-1909)
    • Yamagara Aritomo (1838-1922)
    • Inoue Kaoru (1836-1915)
  • Satsuma
    • Saigo Takamori (1828-1877)
    • Okubo Toshimichi (1830-1878)
    • Matsukata Masayoshi (1835-1924)
  • Tosa
    • Itagaki Taisuke (1837-1919)
  • Hizen
    • Okuma Shigenobu (1838-1922)
nature of the new regime
Nature of the new regime
  • Young, samurai leadership
  • Charter Oath, 1868