The Meiji Restoration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Meiji Restoration

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  1. The Meiji Restoration

  2. Issues of the 1860s • Adjustments to treaties and international trade • Silver drain • Strengthening of Satsuma and Choshu • Presence of foreigners • Richardson Affair, 1862 • Bombardment of Kagoshima, 1863 • Choshu bombardment of ships in Straits of Shimonoseki, 1863; retaliation 1864

  3. Issues of the 1860s (cont.) • Growing prestige of Imperial court • Kobu gattai - union of Court and bakufu • Antiforeignism • Sonno joi - revere the Emperor, expel the barbarians • Foreign political interference • French in Edo - Leon Roches • British in Satsuma and Choshu - Harry Parkes

  4. The Restoration movement • Assassination of Ii Naosuke, March 1860 • Leadership of Satsuma and Choshu Han • Bakufu failure to subdue them • France and Britain take sides • New Emperor (Meiji), February 1867 • Shogun Tokugawa Keiki resigns, November 1867 • Satsuma and Choshu want more - lands and defenses • Seizure of Imperial Palace, January 3, 1868 • Restoration wars • Toba Fushimi, January 1868 • Tokugawa Navy holdouts, surrender June 1869

  5. Leading personalities of the Meiji Restoration • Choshu • Kido Koin (1833-1877) • Ito Hirobumi (1841-1909) • Yamagara Aritomo (1838-1922) • Inoue Kaoru (1836-1915) • Satsuma • Saigo Takamori (1828-1877) • Okubo Toshimichi (1830-1878) • Matsukata Masayoshi (1835-1924) • Tosa • Itagaki Taisuke (1837-1919) • Hizen • Okuma Shigenobu (1838-1922)

  6. Nature of the new regime • Young, samurai leadership • Charter Oath, 1868