How to effectively teach reading skills to college students
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How to effectively teach reading skills to college students Some practical suggestions Seminar: 순천향대학교 June 30, 2009 Dr. Andrew Finch, 경북대학교 , 사범대학 , 영어교육과 What is reading? What is reading? What is reading? What is reading? Why do we read? Information Information/pleasure

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How to effectively teach reading skills to college students l.jpg

How to effectively teach reading skills to college students

Some practical suggestions

Seminar: 순천향대학교

June 30, 2009

Dr. Andrew Finch, 경북대학교, 사범대학, 영어교육과






Why do we read l.jpg
Why do we read?

  • Information

  • Information/pleasure

  • Pure pleasure

  • Exams !!!


What do we read l.jpg
What do we read?

  • Books

  • Newspapers, Magazines

  • Photocopies, articles

  • Notices

  • Correspondence

  • Forms, Signs

  • Handheld media devices

  • Computer screens

  • Multi-media carriers


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What is the content?

  • Fiction (long and short)

  • Songs

  • Plays

  • Current events, feature articles and essays

  • Academic articles, reports, reviews

  • Warnings, directions

  • Letters, postcards and notes

  • Business letters, solicitations

  • T-shirt messages, bumper stickers

  • Raw data


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What is the content?

  • Poetry

  • (Auto)biography

  • Schedules

  • Maps

  • Menus

  • Advertisements

  • Announcements

  • Comics

  • Workbook exercises

  • Bibliographic information


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What is the text structure?

  • Charts, graphs, illustrations

  • Isolated lines of text

  • Free form

  • Interlinear notes

  • Point and click images

  • Expository

  • Narrative

  • Headings, subheadings


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What skills do we use?

  • Skimming

  • Scanning

  • Extraction of specific information

  • In-depth (extensive) reading

  • Metacognition

    (Hudson, 2007, p. 27)


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Comprehension skills

  • Recalling word meanings

  • Drawing inferences about a meaning of a word from context

  • Finding answers to questions answered explicitly or merely in paraphrase

  • Weaving together ideas from content

  • Drawing inferences from content

  • Recognizing a writer’s purpose, attitude, tone, and mood

  • Identifying a writer’s technique

  • Following the structure of a passage.

    (Davis, 1968)


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1: Extensive reading

  • Extensive reading foundation: www.erfoundation.org/index.html/

  • Extensive reading pages: www.extensivereading.net/er/er.html

  • Video of Dr. R. Day’s talk about ER/IR:www.sendspace.com/file/nq6ydr

  • Rocky Nelson’s resources

  • http://nelson.myfastmail.com/Extensive Reading/

  • http://nelson.myfastmail.com/Intensive Reading – Content Based/




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The aim of graded reading

  • To recycle important and useful wordsand grammar and to aid acquisition

  • To provide continuousreading practice

  • To build reading speed

  • To be enjoyable

  • To encourage reading for pleasure

  • To build DEPTH of knowledge





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Reading at the right level

Students MUST read at their comfortable reading level so they:

  • can read quickly

  • can read fluently

  • can read a lot

  • can read with very high levels of understanding

  • can enjoy the reading

  • can get the reading habit.

    If students read something too difficult:

  • the reading becomes slow

  • they can’t read much

  • the students get tired easily

  • it becomes a form of ‘study’







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Using literature: Novels

  • Charles Dickens: A Christmas Carol

  • http://www.literature.org/authors/dickens-charles/christmas-carol/

  • http://etext.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/DicChri.html

  • http://www.asksam.com/ebooks/Dickens/Christmas_Carol.asp

  • http://www.online-literature.com/dickens/christmascarol/

  • http://www.longmankorea.com/detail.aspx?ISBN=0582421209 (graded reader)

  • http://books.mirror.org/gb.dickens.html

  • http://wiredforbooks.org/carol/content.htm (audio)

  • http://welchwrite.com/blog/audio/2008/christmas-carol-2008.mp3 (audio)

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-hA5T1G7rxg (YouTube video)

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uwii8AMfgkA&feature=related (YouTube, part 2)

  • http://www.teachers.tv/video/30574 (Dickens’ Museum)


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Using literature: Drama

Henrik Ibsen: A Doll’s House

  • http://books.google.co.kr/

  • http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/dollhouse/

  • http://www.gradesaver.com/a-dolls-house/

  • http://www.enotes.com/dollshouse

  • http://www.bibliomania.com/0/6/322/2393/frameset.html

    Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qssF73w6thw



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Online reading (Handout)

  • English Lit: http://www.english-literature.org/resources/

  • Fictionwise: http://www.fictionwise.com/ebooks/freebooks.htm

  • Free Books: http://www.e-book.com.au/freebooks.htm

  • Free online books: http://www.freeonlinebooks.org/

  • Litrix: http://www.litrix.com/authors.htm

  • Manybooks: http://manybooks.net/

  • Memoware: http://www.memoware.com/

  • Microsoft: http://www.mslit.com/default.asp?src...inia+Libr ary

  • Microsoft reader: http://www.microsoft.com/Reader/

  • O'Reilly Open Book: http://www.oreilly.com/openbook/

  • Online Book Page: http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/

  • Page by page books: http://www.pagebypagebooks.com/

  • Project Gutenberg: http://www.gutenberg.org/wiki/Main_Page


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Integrated reading

  • Holistic approach

  • All four skills

  • Pre-reading, while-reading, post-reading

  • Graded tasks

  • Critical thinking

  • Problem-solving

  • Online follow up

  • Active English Discussion









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Blogs

The spread of information in the blogosphere. First blog writes a post and then other blogs refer to it. The behavior (information) spreads (cascades) through the network of blogs.


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Finally …

  • Email: aef@knu.ac.kr

  • Courses: www.finchpark.com/courses

  • Articles: www.finchpark.com/arts

  • PhD Thesis: www.finchpark.com/afe

  • Books: www.finchpark.com/books