Contribution of Religion To Scientific & Technological Advancement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Contribution of Religion To Scientific & Technological Advancement

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  1. Contribution of ReligionTo Scientific & Technological Advancement By William Lau, Ph.D.

  2. Sumerian Civilization(3500 – 800 BC ) • Rotary  presses,  the  "cylinder  seal • Mathematics and Measures • Astronomy & Calendar • Temples,  Courts  and Trading Houses • Clay  Pottery, Stelas & Sculptures • The  Metal-work, Chariots, Wheels • Energy  and  Fuels • Ancient  Law  and  Medicine • Textile and Clothing Industries • Agriculture & Animal Husbandry • Ship Building & Musical Instruments Sumerian Temple Re: http://www.strayreality.com/Lanis_Strayreality/sumerian_civilization%202.htm

  3. Sumer – Location & Artifacts SUMER Area between the Euphrates & Tigris Rivers Royal Standards of UR Showing Peace & War A Lyre decorated with The Curly-haired Bull

  4. Egyptian Civilization3000-1070 BC • Art, sculpture, farming, brick-making, monumental construction, metal work and writings • Solar Calendar & Year • Astronomy, Mathematics, Agriculture, Textile and Traditional Medicine • Religion: Ra (sun god)

  5. Greek Civilization2000 – 300 BC • Medical science, physics, mathematics, astronomy, biology, geology, metallurgy, agriculture, ship-building, sculpture, art, music and sports • Greek Language and the translation of the Hebrew Bible • Scientific Methodology • Greek Philosophy Epidauros Stadium Relief Sculptured figurine

  6. Mathematics & Science Drama & Philosophy Art & Architecture Law & Democracy Medicine & Engineering Greek  communities  had  the freedom  to govern themselves and  they  shared their traditions of  language, customs, religion and  festivals, such as the Olympic Games in the ancient town of Olympia in Peloponnesse District About Greece

  7. Famous Greek Philosophers Anaximander of Miletus 610-546 BC Socrates 470-399 BC Pythagoras 582-507 BC Plato 427-347 BC Heraclitus 535-475 BC Aristotle 384-322 BC Thales 624-547 BC Philo of Alexandria 20 BC-50 AD

  8. Greek’s Influence on Religion and Science • Greek Language – International Language • Translation of Bible into Greek • Birth of Jesus Christ and Teaching of Love • Evangelization – Good Salvific News • Knowledge Exchange through Trade & Students’ Exchanges • Scientific Books Translated into Arabic • Emergence of Islamic Scientists & Scholars

  9. Conducive Factorsfor Scientific Advancement The Abrahamic Faiths provide the ambience for Scientific Advancement:- • The Material World is Good • All Physical Laws are Consistent • Time Marches Forward • The World is Orderly

  10. 15th-17th Century Scientific Progress • Royal Society dedicated to God & Humanity • 1831: BAAS – Honored the Church • Albert Einstein & Max Plank Views on Science, Religion and God • Scientists – Johannes Gutenburg, Isaac Newton, Robert Boyle, Michael Faraday, Gregel Mendel, James Y. Simpson, Gottfried Leibritz, Galileo Galilei, Louis Pasteur and Alexander Fleming • Industrialization & Work-houses • Exploration, Evangelization & Colonization

  11. Scientists’ Limitations • Isaac Newton – recognized the Immensity of God Limit 1/x + (infinity) x 0 • Albert Einstein: “Religion without Science is Blind and Science without Religion is Lame” • Max Plank: “Science brings Man nearer to God. Science and Religion are fighting a joint battle in an incessant never-ending crusade against skepticism, dogmatism, disbelief and superstition and the rallying cry in this crusade has always been and always will be – on to God”

  12. Renown Medieval Christian Scientists Robert Boyle 1627-1691 Boyle’s Law Nicholas Copernicus 1473-1543 Sun – Centre of Universe Michael Faraday 1791-1867 Electro-magnetism

  13. Renowned Medieval Christian Scientists Johannes Kepler 1571-1630 Celestial Mechanics Logarithm Galileo Galilei 1546-1642 Telescope Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727 Gravitation Law of Motion Calculus

  14. Renowned Medieval Christian Scientists Louis Pasteur Sterilization James Watt Steam Engine Maxwell Mathematician Lord Kelvin Elasticity & Material Strength

  15. Renowned Muslim Scientists • Astronomer • Mathematician • Improved Trigonometry • Compiled Co-tangent Table Al-Battani (850-828}

  16. Al-Khawarizmi(780 – 850 AD) • Decimal System • Algebra

  17. Ibn Al-haitham(965 – 1039 AD) • Physician • Optics – Book of Mirror • Corpuscular Theory of Light

  18. Thabit Ibn Qurra(833 – 902 AD) • Theory of Numbers • Postulated on the Gravitational Force between two Bodies

  19. Ibn Rusd (Averroes)(1126 – 1129 AD) • Jurist • Philosopher • Physician • Studied Mathematics and Theology

  20. ABU MARWAN ABD AL-MALIK IBN ZUHR (Avenzoar) (1091 - 1161 C.E.) • Physician • Clinician • Parasitologist

  21. Science & Technology Today • Less Identified with Religion & Nationality • Science has expanded in Scope • Stem-cell Research • Genetically Engineered or Modified Plants • Latest Imaging Technology • Information Communication Technology • Mobile Phone Invention • Nano-technology

  22. Conclusion • Words of Late Pope John Paul II • Scientific & Technological Progress for Humanity – not for DESTRUCTION of God’s Creations