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Chapter Two: Indoor Safety Indoor Safety Policies Indoor Child Care Environments Indoor Equipment Safety Toy Safety Interpersonal Safety Poison Control Fire and Burn Prevention Indoor Child Care Environments Examine for hazards Falls Choking Burns Drowning Poisoning

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Chapter Two: Indoor Safety

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indoor safety policies
Indoor Safety Policies

Indoor Child Care Environments

Indoor Equipment Safety

Toy Safety

Interpersonal Safety

Poison Control

Fire and Burn Prevention

indoor child care environments
Indoor Child Care Environments

Examine for hazards






Environmental hazards in child care


Pets or animals

Cleaning supplies

Safety devices needed

Developmental level


Relatively helpless  choking


Group with most potential for unsafe practices  poisons


Greater physical and cognitive abilities  falls

School Age

Relatively safe indoors, but firearms may be risk


Recommended indoor space is 35 square feet per child

Does not include kitchen, bathroom, closets, laundry facilities, or staff space

Usually translates to 50 square feet when furnishings are considered

Adequate floor space essential for prevention of injury

Shared Space

Multiple-use facilities need thoughtful anticipation for risk

Screening checklist



indoor safety equipment
Indoor Safety Equipment

Equipment should be


Free of sharp points or corners, splinters, protruding nails or bolts

Free of loose, rusty parts, hazardous small parts, or paint that contains lead


Easy to clean

Child-sized, where appropriate

Equipment should allow flow of movement

Comply with standards

Cribs, high chairs, strollers, safety gates

Preventing falls

Checklist (Table 2-3)

Indoor water safety


Standing water

Hot water heaters (less than 120 degrees F)

toy safety
Toy Safety

Choking and suffocation hazards

Toys, food, and small objects

Examine for age appropriateness

Developmental level, safety precautions

Appropriate toys (Table 2-6)

Art supplies

Federal Arts Materials Act of 1990

Hazard free art materials label AP or CP

Common household products

Toy Safety Checklist (Table 2-7)

interpersonal safety
Interpersonal Safety

Injuries from biting, kicking, scratching, and fighting common

Caregivers should

Be prepared to intervene

Understand behavior

Know strategies for eliminating and preventing behavior

Know how to use conflict resolution

Exposure to violence

Television, street, neighborhoods, homes

High degree of exposure can cause post-traumatic stress disorder

Can cause a child to relive violence in play

Caregiver needs to observe, communicate, and redirect

poison control
Most common emergency involving children

Children under four are most likely to ingest poison

Examining the environment

First order of prevention is caregiver vigilance in monitoring

Room by room inspection

Poison Control
Understanding risk

Ingestion  swallowing

Contact  absorbed through skin

Inhalation  breathing fumes

Animal, insect, or reptile bites

Injection  puncture wound

Strategies for Promoting Poison Control

Table 2-11

Plants that pose risk

Common indoor plant risk (Table 2-12)

fire and burn prevention
Injuries from fires and burns are 2nd leading cause of death in children in U.S.

35% of all burn injuries happen to children

Scalding is chief cause of burns to preschool children

Playing with matches and lighters #1 cause of fire deaths in young children

Fire and Burn Prevention
Environmental Hazards





Strategies for Fire and Burn Prevention

Teach child fire and burn prevention

Avoid matches and lighters

Regular fire drills

Stop, Drop, and Roll

Safety devices should be present

Fire extinguishers

Smoke alarms

Model safe behavior

implications for caregivers

Accessories, behaviors, conditions

Knowledge of hazards

Equipment, toys, art supplies, poisons

Awareness of unsafe interpersonal behaviors

Implications for Caregivers

Constant monitoring environment

Safe practices, methods of prevention, promotion

Check for compliance with licensing, fire safety guidelines

Communication to all caregivers to ensure safe practices


Parents, caregivers, and children

reality check sids
Reality Check:SIDS

Safe Practices can prevent more than half of the cases

Put babies to sleep on their backs

Do not expose babies to secondhand smoke

Remove all soft sleeping materials such as pillows, foam pads, etc.

Do not let baby get overheated

reality check kids and guns
Reality Check:Kids and Guns

Serious safety issue

1.2 million children have access to guns in their homes

1 in 5 high school students carry guns or other weapons to school

Children exposed to violence may carry guns to feel safe

Children’s curiosity

Encouraged by exposure via television/movies

Toys available to play with

Even if they have been cautioned not to touch them, most children will anyway

How does child caregiver help protect children from guns?

Family child caregivers ensure that any firearm present is kept out of sight, locked away, and kept separate from ammunition

They can provide alternate forms of handling conflict in prosocial ways by conflict resolution

Not allow guns in child care environment

Including “substitute” gun play with other items

Educate parents about dangers of guns

Monitor programming of television, if used in child care

Strategies to promote positive interaction

Table 2-10