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CANTABRIC-PYRENEES-ALPS GREAT MOUNTAIN CORRIDOR: REBUILDING NATURAL BRIDGES ACROSS WESTERN EUROPE Title & Authors Concept: Josep Ma. Mallarach, Jordi Palau, Miquel Rafa & Jordi Sargatal (Fundació Territori i Paisatge) Scientiphic coordination: Josep M. Mallarach & Miquel Rafa

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CANTABRIC-PYRENEES-ALPS GREAT MOUNTAIN CORRIDOR: REBUILDING NATURAL BRIDGES ACROSS WESTERN EUROPE


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CANTABRIC-PYRENEES-ALPS GREAT MOUNTAIN CORRIDOR:

REBUILDING NATURAL BRIDGES ACROSS WESTERN EUROPE

Title &

Authors

Concept: Josep Ma. Mallarach, Jordi Palau, Miquel Rafa & Jordi Sargatal (Fundació Territori i Paisatge)

Scientiphic coordination: Josep M. Mallarach & Miquel Rafa

Produced by: Estudi Xavier Mayor  Cartography: Geodat@ SL &  Estudi Xavier Mayor

Fundació Territori i PaisatgeProvença 261-265, 2n 2a08008 BarcelonaTel: 93 484 73 67Fax: 93 484 73 64e-mail fundtip@fundtip.com

Cantabric mountains

Planning and management of the most effective areas to ensure ecological, landscape and social connectivity between mountain areas across Western Europe

Pyrenees

Countries involved: Spain, France, Andorra and Italy

Objective &

Study area

Massif Centrall

  • Nature diversity: Alpine, Atlantic, Mediterranean bioregions
  • Cultural diversity: 9 languages
  • Political complexity: 18 regions in 4 countries

Western Alps

Analysis of positive factors

from the ecological connectivity perspective

Analysis of environmental constraints

from the ecological connectivity perspective

Methods

High mountain ranges

Less disturbed areas,

with fragile ecosystems,

refuge of endangered species

Protected Areas &

Natura 2000

High diversity of species,

habitats, & ecological processes

CORINE Land Cover:

A result of the interaction

between society and nature,

to analyse the properties

of the landscape matrix

Main roads network

One of the most important

ecological barriers

Urban areas and cities

Human transformed areas

with the highest disturbance rates

Highlights to ensure or restore the ecological permeability of the landscape matrix

Involve an area of some 200,000 km2 - length of 1,300 km

Protected areas cover about 25% of the scope of the project

Natura 2000 will increase protected areas coverage until 40%

Biodiversity is represented by hundreds of habitats and a number of endemic and threatened species

Diversity of habitats and landscapes includes: glaciers, alpine meadows and lakes, forestlands, grasslands, marshes, agricultural lands, etc.

Major infrastructures (6 highways, 16 primary roads and 24 railroads) and main urban areas (1 major city and 11 large cities) create ecological barriers & disturbance focus

The Cantabric-Pyrenees-Alps ecological connector

Results

Potential improvements due to implementation of this large-scale ecological, landscape and social connector

At Nature-Nature level:Rebuild the ecological linkages between the four main Western European mountain ranges: Cantabric Mountains, Pyrenees, Massif Central and Western Alps.

Strategy guidelines: Biodiversity conservation beyond political boundaries, ecological connectivity among large mountain ecosystems & recovery of flagship-species.

At People-Nature level:Long paths and trekkings (such as GR, Path of Saint James, etc.) that are already in place in these mountain ranges and flagship species (e.g. brown bear, wolf, linx, etc.) can be connected creating a set of unique opportunities for people.

Strategy guidelines:Social involvement, NGOs and local population participation

At Practice-Policylevel: New forms of institutional cooperation based on bioregions, connecting emerging land stewardship strategies, social responses against potentially damaging projects, and debate forums like the European Mountain Forum.

Strategy guidelines: Enhanced regional and local planning & management, increased international cooperation

Other:There are some old nations (Basque Country and Catalonia) which are divided by country borders (Spain and France) that want to increase cooperation both sides of the Pyrenees.

Conclusions